Appendix B
Examples of Japanese Acquisitions and Investments in U.S. Semiconductor Companies

Japanese Investor

U.S. Company

Year

Product/Technology

Equity (% or $millions)

1. ASCII

Nexgen Microsystems

1990

microprocessors

$5/100%

2. ASCII

Tera Micro Systems

1990

peripheral chips

$2

3. ASCII

Crosspoint Solutions

 

gate arrays

50%

4. Fujitsu

Hal Computer

1991

microprocessors

$40.2/44%

5. Fujitsu Microelectronics

VIA Technologies

1989

IC chips

23.5%

6. Hitachi Kasei

Kollmorgen R&D Ctr.

 

circuit boards

100%

7. Hitachi, Ltd.

Ceraclad

 

ceramic packages

100%

8. Ishihara Sangyo Kaisha

Mountain View Research

1990

circuit boards

$6/100%

9. Koito

North American Lighting

 

 

$16

10. Kubota

C-Cube Microsystems

 

graphics VLSI

36.1%

11. Kubota

MIPS

 

RISC

17.8%

12. Matsushita

National Semiconductor

1990

manufacturing plant

$86/Division

13. Mitsubishi Corp.

VIA Technologies

1990

MPUs

$1

14. Mitsubishi Corp.

Tera Microsystems

1991

RISC chips

$.8/6.7%

15. Mitsubishi Electric

Powerex

 

discrete devices

33%

16. Mitsui Comtek

Integrated CMO Systems

ASICs

 

 

17. Mitsui Petrochemical

Kodak (Pathtek)

1990

3-D devices

$4/Division

18. Nikko Capital Co.

DSP Group

1991

digital chips

$7

19. Nikon Metals

Anacomp

1989

thin film disc

Division

20. Nippon Steel

Simtek

 

semiconductors

$2

21. NKK

Paradigm Technology

1991

SRAMs

$5



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U.S.-Japan Strategic Alliances in the Semiconductor Industry: Technology Transfer, Competition, and Public Policy Appendix B Examples of Japanese Acquisitions and Investments in U.S. Semiconductor Companies Japanese Investor U.S. Company Year Product/Technology Equity (% or $millions) 1. ASCII Nexgen Microsystems 1990 microprocessors $5/100% 2. ASCII Tera Micro Systems 1990 peripheral chips $2 3. ASCII Crosspoint Solutions   gate arrays 50% 4. Fujitsu Hal Computer 1991 microprocessors $40.2/44% 5. Fujitsu Microelectronics VIA Technologies 1989 IC chips 23.5% 6. Hitachi Kasei Kollmorgen R&D Ctr.   circuit boards 100% 7. Hitachi, Ltd. Ceraclad   ceramic packages 100% 8. Ishihara Sangyo Kaisha Mountain View Research 1990 circuit boards $6/100% 9. Koito North American Lighting     $16 10. Kubota C-Cube Microsystems   graphics VLSI 36.1% 11. Kubota MIPS   RISC 17.8% 12. Matsushita National Semiconductor 1990 manufacturing plant $86/Division 13. Mitsubishi Corp. VIA Technologies 1990 MPUs $1 14. Mitsubishi Corp. Tera Microsystems 1991 RISC chips $.8/6.7% 15. Mitsubishi Electric Powerex   discrete devices 33% 16. Mitsui Comtek Integrated CMO Systems ASICs     17. Mitsui Petrochemical Kodak (Pathtek) 1990 3-D devices $4/Division 18. Nikko Capital Co. DSP Group 1991 digital chips $7 19. Nikon Metals Anacomp 1989 thin film disc Division 20. Nippon Steel Simtek   semiconductors $2 21. NKK Paradigm Technology 1991 SRAMs $5

OCR for page 113
U.S.-Japan Strategic Alliances in the Semiconductor Industry: Technology Transfer, Competition, and Public Policy Japanese Investor U.S. Company Year Product/Technology Equity (% or $millions) 22. Oki Electric Vitelic   ICs   23. Olin Asahi Aegis   IC packages 100% 24. Ono Sokki KLASIC 1991 circuit boards $4.3/Division 25. Otari Electric King Instrument 1990 tape loaders 100% 26. Ozaki Elec. Planade Energy Systems   power meters 100% 27. Ricoh Panatech Research   semiconductors Division 28. Rohm Xetel 1990   $3.2 29. Sanken Sprague Technology 1990 semiconductors $58/Division 30. Shin-Etsu Chemical Brooktree   graphic chips $2 31. Shin-Etsu Semiconductor Cree Research   blue LEDs $2 32. Sony Advanced Micro Devices 1990 manufacturing plant $55/Division 33. Sumitomo Metals Mosaic Systems 1990 multi-chip modules $2 34. Sumitomo Metals nCHIP 1991 multi-chip modules   35. TDK Silicon Systems 1989 ICs $200 36. Toko Signal Processing Technology   digital image chips 100% 37. Tokuyama Soda Allegro Microsystems 1990 semiconductors $58/Division 38. Tokuyama Soda General Ceramics   ceramic package $59 39. Toppan Printing Texas Instruments 1990 photomasks $19/Division 40. Toppan Printing Prostar 1990 circuit boards 100% 41. Toshiba Integrated CMO Systems   ASICs   42. Toshiba Synergy Semiconductor 1991 SRAMs   43. Toshiba Vertex Semiconductor 1991 ASICs $20 44. Uemura Automated Semiconductor 1989 IC plating $.4 45. Yamaha Sequential Circuits   ICs   NOTE: List does not include the significant "green field" investments in the United States by the major Japanese semiconductor companies. SOURCE: Compiled by OJA Staff from data provided by the Economic Strategy Institute and the American Electronics Association Japan Office.