Bottle feeding, 58, 73-74

formula composition, 73

introduction of, 75

premature or sick infants, 73-74

preparation, storage, and handling of formula, 74

Breastfeeding

barriers to, 59, 72

benefits of, 57

breast pump use, 60, 72, 74

cesarean section and, 59

contraindications, 72

education on, 58, 59

enteral, 58, 73-74

HIV infection and, 72

initiation of, 58, 75

manual expression of milk, 60, 72

mastitis, 59

national health goals, 57

nutrition services needs, 15, 30, 53

premature or sick infants, 72-74

prescription medication and, 59

rates, 58

recommendations, 3, 4, 105

support for mothers, 43, 45, 52, 58-60, 61, 62, 63-64

see also Human milk

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia, 68, 69, 76

Bulimia, 20;

see also Eating disorders

Bulimia nervosa, 20

see also Eating disorders

C

Calcium

lactation needs, 31

neonatal requirements, 69, 70

postpartum, 30

RDAs, 22

supplementation, 26

Celiac disease, 20

Cesarean delivery

and breastfeeding, 59

obesity and, 19

postpartum nutrition requirements, 33

Cholestasis, 70, 75

Cigarette smoking

cessation programs, 27

fetal effects of, 27

and prenatal nutrition, 27-28

and preterm delivery, 25

prevalence of, 27

Cocaine, 28, 68;

see also Drug abuse

Computer-based patient records and systems, 97

Congenital malformations, 17, 18, 68, 75

Continuity of nutritional care

approaches for improving, 93-94

challenges to, 93

computer-based patient records and systems, 97

coordinated services, 94-95

patient-carried health diaries, 95-97

recommendations, 2, 3, 10-11, 61, 105

referral to outside services, 102

Crohn's disease, 20, 50

Cystic fibrosis, and prenatal nutrition, 29-30, 50

D

Diabetes mellitus.

and blood glucose control, 23-24, 26, 33

and congenital malformations, 17

fetal effects, 26, 68

gestational, 19, 26, 33, 43, 45, 50

insulin dependent, 2

multiple gestation and, 25

preconceptional nutrition, 17

preexisting, 6, 17, 50

prenatal nutrition, 2, 25-26, 43, 45

Diet

data collection, 44

information about, 44

postpartum, 34

Dietitians, 2

communication between providers and, 42

definition, 7n.d

neonatal, 84-85, 86

preconceptional role of, 18

prenatal role of, 24, 26, 50

qualifications, 51, 62, 84, 85, 86

recommendations, 3, 105

referral to, 45

services provided by, 10, 43, 50

Drug abuse

fetal effects of, 25, 68

interventions, 45

and prenatal nutrition, 28, 50

and preterm delivery, 25

E

Eating disorders (maternal), 50

preconceptional nutrition and, 18

team care, 45, 53



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