Chart 1-1 Characteristics of Basic and Special Nutrition Services

 

Type of Nutritional Care

 

Basic

Special

Provider

Primary care providers such as physicians, midwives, nurse practitioners

A multidisciplinary team that includes an experienced dietitian or other nutrition-related specialists

Recipients

All women receiving preconceptional care

All expectant mothers

All infants

Women or infants with health conditions that affect dietary intake, digestion, or the absorption, utilization, or excretion of nutrients

Elements of care

Early identification of nutritional risk factors

Core provision of health maintenance activities, such as education about pregnancy weight gain or breastfeeding

Implementation of common interventions

Follow-up of basic care

Basic care plus intensive nutrition services (e.g., detailed assessments, complex diet modifications, diet counseling, close monitoring, extended follow-up)

PREVIOUSLY PUBLISHED RECOMMENDATIONS AND UNDERLYING ASSUMPTIONS

In addition to accepting the recommendations of the previous IOM reports, the committee agreed that the following principles and philosophies would guide its work.



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