References

1. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). 1990. Estimated Future Earthquake Losses for St. Louis City and County, Missouri. Earthquake Hazard Reduction Series 53. Washington, D.C.

2. FEMA. 1985. An Assessment of Damage and Casualties in the Central United States Resulting from Earthquakes in the New Madrid Seismic Zone. Washington, D.C.

3. USGS. 1983. Proceedings of a Workshop on the 1886 Charleston, South Carolina, Earthquake and its Implications for Today. Open File Report 83-843. U.S. Geological Survey. Reston, Virginia.

4. Metropolitan Boston Area Earthquake Loss Study: Loss Analysis. 1990. Committee Report to the Massachusetts Civil Defense Agency. Boston, Massachusetts.

5. D.G. Friedman. 1969. Computer simulation of the earthquake hazard. Pp. 153–181 Geologic Hazards and Public Problems Conference Proceedings. Office of Emergency Preparedness, Executive Office of the President. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.

6. M. Kaplan. 1972. Actuarial aspects of flood and earthquake insurance in The Proceedings of the Conference of Actuaries in Public Practice, XXI. Chicago, Illinois.

7. D.G. Friedman. 1984. Natural-hazard risk assessment for an insurance program. The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance, International Association for the Study of Insurance Economics (Geneva Association). Geneva, Switzerland, 1(30[Jan.]):57-128.

8. D.G. Friedman. 1988. U.S. Hurricanes and Windstorms. London: Insurance and Reinsurance Group, Ltd. 270 pp.

9. D.G. Friedman. 1990. Is Hugo a forerunner of future great hurricanes? Research Review, Journal of the Society of Insurance Research. 3(1[July], 2[Oct.]). Appleton, Wisconsin.

10. USGS. 1985. Estimation of Earthquake Effects Associated with Large Earthquakes in the New Madrid Seismic Zone. Open File Report 85-457. U.S. Geological Survey.

11. S.T. Algermissen. 1983. An Introduction to Seismicity of the United States. Earthquake Engineering Research Institute. Berkeley, California.



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The Economic Consequences of a Catastrophic Earthquake: Proceedings of a Forum August 1 and 2, 1990 References 1. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). 1990. Estimated Future Earthquake Losses for St. Louis City and County, Missouri. Earthquake Hazard Reduction Series 53. Washington, D.C. 2. FEMA. 1985. An Assessment of Damage and Casualties in the Central United States Resulting from Earthquakes in the New Madrid Seismic Zone. Washington, D.C. 3. USGS. 1983. Proceedings of a Workshop on the 1886 Charleston, South Carolina, Earthquake and its Implications for Today. Open File Report 83-843. U.S. Geological Survey. Reston, Virginia. 4. Metropolitan Boston Area Earthquake Loss Study: Loss Analysis. 1990. Committee Report to the Massachusetts Civil Defense Agency. Boston, Massachusetts. 5. D.G. Friedman. 1969. Computer simulation of the earthquake hazard. Pp. 153–181 Geologic Hazards and Public Problems Conference Proceedings. Office of Emergency Preparedness, Executive Office of the President. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 6. M. Kaplan. 1972. Actuarial aspects of flood and earthquake insurance in The Proceedings of the Conference of Actuaries in Public Practice, XXI. Chicago, Illinois. 7. D.G. Friedman. 1984. Natural-hazard risk assessment for an insurance program. The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance, International Association for the Study of Insurance Economics (Geneva Association). Geneva, Switzerland, 1(30[Jan.]):57-128. 8. D.G. Friedman. 1988. U.S. Hurricanes and Windstorms. London: Insurance and Reinsurance Group, Ltd. 270 pp. 9. D.G. Friedman. 1990. Is Hugo a forerunner of future great hurricanes? Research Review, Journal of the Society of Insurance Research. 3(1[July], 2[Oct.]). Appleton, Wisconsin. 10. USGS. 1985. Estimation of Earthquake Effects Associated with Large Earthquakes in the New Madrid Seismic Zone. Open File Report 85-457. U.S. Geological Survey. 11. S.T. Algermissen. 1983. An Introduction to Seismicity of the United States. Earthquake Engineering Research Institute. Berkeley, California.

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The Economic Consequences of a Catastrophic Earthquake: Proceedings of a Forum August 1 and 2, 1990 12. R. Street and A. LaCroix. 1979. An Empirical study of New England seismicity: 1727–1977. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. 69(1):159-175. 13. AIRAC. 1989. Surviving the Storm: Building Codes, Compliance, and the Mitigation of Hurricane Damage. Insurance Research Council. Chicago, Ill. 14. USGS. 1990. Tecumseh's Prophecy: Preparing for the Next Great Earthquake. United States Geological Survey Circular 1066. 15. AIRAC. 1987. Fire Following Earthquake—Estimates of the Conflagration Risk to Insured Properties in Greater Los Angeles and San Francisco by C. Scawthorn. Insurance Research Council. Chicago, Ill. 16. S.P. Nishenko and G.A. Bollinger. 1990. Forecasting Damaging Earthquakes in the central and eastern United States. Science (September 21):1412-1415. 17. AIRAC. 1988. Earthquake Losses Under Workers' Compensation and General Liability—Estimates for a "Worst-Case" Event in Greater Los Angeles, by D. G. Friedman. Insurance Research Council. Chicago, Illinois. 18. NRC, Panel on Earthquake Loss-Estimation Methodology. 1989. Estimating Losses from Future Earthquakes. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 19. W.J. Petak and A.A. Atkisson. 1982. Natural Hazard Risk Assessment and Public Policy: Anticipating the Unexpected. New York: Springer-Verlag. 20. K.V. Steinbrugge. 1982. Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and Tsunamis: An Anatomy of Hazards. New York: Skandia America Group. 21. R. Gulliver. 1986. Estimation of Homeless Caseload for Disaster Assistance Due to an Earthquake. Washington, D.C.: Federal Emergency Management Agency. 22. W.E. Spangle, R.L. Meehan, H.J. Degenkolb, and M.L. Blair. 1987. Pre-Earthquake Planning for Post-Earthquake Rebuilding. Southern California Earthquake Preparedness Project. Pasadena, California. 23. Applied Technology Council. 1985. Earthquake Damage Evaluation Data for California. Redwood City, California.

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The Economic Consequences of a Catastrophic Earthquake: Proceedings of a Forum August 1 and 2, 1990 24. R.T. Eguchi, K.J. Tierney, and R.A. Antonoplis. 1988. An assessment of the risk of hazardous materials release during earthquake—the impact on surrounding communities. Paper presented at the Ninth World Conference on Earthquake Engineering. August 8. Tokyo. 25. K.J. Tierney, H.A. Seligson, and R.T. Eguchi. 1990. Chemical Hazards, Mitigation, and Preparedness in Areas of High Seismic Risk: A Methodology for Estimating the Risk of Post-Earthquake Hazardous Materials Releases. Draft report prepared for the National Science Foundation and the National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research. 26. C. Perrow. 1984. Normal Accidents: Living with High-Risk Technologies. New York: Basic Books. 27. A. Mazur. 1973. Disputes among experts. Minerva 11:243-62. 28. P. Slovic, B. Fischhoff, and S. Lichtenstein. 1981. Perceived risk: psychological factors and social implications. Pp. 17–34 in Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, A 376. 29. H.C. Cochrane. 1975. Natural Hazards and Their Distributive Effects: A Research Assessment. Boulder: University of Colorado, Program on Technology, Environment, and Man. 30. C. Scawthorn. 1987. Fire Following Earthquake: Estimates of the Conflagration Risk to Insured Property in Greater Los Angeles and San Francisco. All-Industry Research Advisory Council. Oak Brook, Illinois. 31. J.P. Brown. 1972. The Economic Effects of Floods. New York: Springer-Verlag. 32. J.D. Schilling, C.F. Sirmans, and J.D. Benjamin. 1989. Flood insurance, wealth distribution, and urban property values. Journal of Urban Economics January:43-53. 26(1):43-53. 33. D.S. Brookshire, M.A. Thayer, J. Tschirhart, and W.D. Schulze. 1985. A Test of the Expected-utility model: evidence from earthquake risks. Journal of Political Economy April. 93(2):369-389. 34. R. Palm. 1990. Natural Hazards: An Integrative Framework for Research and Planning. The Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, Maryland.

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The Economic Consequences of a Catastrophic Earthquake: Proceedings of a Forum August 1 and 2, 1990 35. R.L. Bernknopf, D.S. Brookshire, and M.A. Thayer. 1990. Earthquake and volcano Alerts: an economic Evaluation of risk-perception changes. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management. 18(1):35-49. 36. P.J. May. 1985. Problems in Formulating Disaster Relief After Mount St. Helens, Final Report to the National Science Foundation. Seattle: University of Washington. 37. J.D. Wright and P.H. Rossi, eds. 1981. Social Science and Natural Hazards. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Abt Books. 38. H.C. Cochrane. 1975. Natural Hazards and Their Distributive Effects. Monograph #3. University of Colorado, Institute of Behavioral Sciences. 39. K. Erikson. 1976. Everything in its Path: The Destruction of Community in Buffalo Creek. New York: Simon and Schuster. 40. H.P. Friesma, J. Caporaso, G. Goldstein, and R. Lineberry. 1979. Aftermath—Communities After Natural Disasters. Beverly Hills, California, and London: Sage Publications. 41. E. Haas, R.W. Kates, and M.J. Bowden. 1977. Reconstruction Following Disaster. Cambridge: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press. 42. A.H. Barton. 1969. Communities in Disaster: A Sociological Analysis of Collective Stress Situations. New York: Anchor Books. 43. D.C. Dacey and H. Kunreuther. 1969. The Economics of Natural Disasters: Implications for Federal Policy. New York: Free Press. 44. J.D. Wright, P.H. Rossi, S.R. Wright, and E. Weber-Burdin. 1979. After the Clean-Up: Long-Range Effects of Natural Disasters. London: Sage Publications. 45. P.H. Rossi, J.D. Wright, and E. Weber-Burdin. 1982. Natural Hazards and Public Choice. New York: Academic Press. 46. J.V. Henderson. 1977. Economic Theory and the Cities. New York: Academic Press. 47. W. Stull. 1974. Land use and zoning in an urban economy. American Economic Review. June:64(3):337-347. 48. A.M.J. Yezer and C.B. Rubin. 1987. The Local Economic Effects of Natural Disasters. Paper #61. University of Colorado, Institute of Behavioral Sciences.

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The Economic Consequences of a Catastrophic Earthquake: Proceedings of a Forum August 1 and 2, 1990 49. R.W. Ellson, J.W. Milliman, and R.B. Roberts. 1984. Measuring the Regional Economic Effects of Earthquakes and Earthquake Predictions. Journal of Regional Science. 24:559-579. 50. L.J. Stern. 1990. Insurance Stock Trends. Best's Review, life/health insurance edition. 90(10[Feb.]). 51. P.E. Wish. 1990. Review and Preview: 1989 and 1990. Best's Review, property/casualty insurance edition. 89(9[Jan.]). 52. Tokai Bank. Southern Kanto Big Earthquake and Japanese Economy. R&D Department, excerpt translation. Undated. 53. The Earthquake Project. 1989. Catastrophic Earthquakes: The Need to Insure Against Economic Disaster . National Committee on Property Insurance.