University of Buffalo and is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. Mr. Bloch is a recipient of the National Medal of Technology and holds several patents in his field.

JOHN CANTWELL is Reader in International Economics at the University of Reading and has been a visiting professor at the University of Rome "La Sapienza" and the University of Social Sciences, Toulouse. His main research areas are the economics of technological change and international production, and he is currently directing an Economic and Social Research Council project on the historical structure of innovative activity in the United Kingdom, Europe, and the United States. Dr. Cantwell is the author of Technological Innovation and Multinational Corporations and is also the president of the European International Business Association.

WILLIAM F. FINAN is a Principal and Managing Director of the Law & Economics Consulting Group's Washington Office. His research and consulting experience has focused on international business and economic issues, especially as they affect the competitiveness of U.S. high technology firms, as well as the business practices of large Japanese electronics firms. He has had extensive experience in international trade litigation and trade policy-related matters. He has served as Staff Economist for the Senate Finance committee and as a Special Assistant to the Under Secretary for International Trade in the U.S. Department of Commerce.

GEORGE GAMOTA was previously Chief Scientist for the MITRE Corporation's Bedford Group and is currently Director of the MITRE Institute. Before joining MITRE, Dr. Gamota was founder of Science & Technology Management Associates, President of Thermo Electron Technologies Corp., professor of physics and Director of the Institute of Science and Technology at the University of Michigan, Director for Research in the Office of the Secretary of Defense, and a member of the technical staff with Bell Laboratories. Dr. Gamota also participated in several studies, missions, and task forces that served in an advisory capacity to various government agencies. He holds a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Michigan and is the principal author of Gaining Ground , a book describing Japan's strides in science and technology.

EDWARD M. GRAHAM is a Senior Fellow at the Institute for International Economics. Previously he held positions at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the University of North Carolina, and the U.S. Department of the Treasury. While with the Treasury Department, he was seconded for two years to the Secretariat of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Dr. Graham is the coauthor of Foreign Direct Investment



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