all of the 40 products surveyed. However, we should be careful in reading the results. The results were based on the aggregated data of how experts saw the situation in their own technological fields, including consideration of both qualitative and quantitative aspects. It does not necessarily follow that some specific technology, though a small share, made an unimportant contribution to production. The matter of concern is that however small the contribution may have been in percentage terms, the product would not be produced without the technology. The new ongoing survey puts focus on this interdependence.

It is essential that policymakers understand the conditions and environments for innovation and diffusion of technologies, the situation of deepened interaction between scientific and technological activities of different disciplines, and the globalization of these activities. The reason for this is that a suitable policy is one that would provide appropriate conditions and environments for technological development. This was recommended in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Ministerial Council last June as a result of three years of discussion under a special program entitled the "Technology and Economy Program." In addition, the globalization of scientific and technological activities has illuminated the issue of bringing domestic policies to a point of international harmonization. For this purpose, the OECD will discuss whether there is a need to develop additional "rules of the game" in the future.

POLICY IMPLICATIONS

Technology assessment will provide important information to policymakers on how technology evolves and is disseminated. In other words, it will tell them details about the conditions and environments that stimulate innovation and the diffusion of technology. Therefore, policymakers should be better equipped to develop policies that would create favorable conditions for innovation and the diffusion of technology.

Another important message that can be transmitted through technology assessment is the reality of deepening interdependence in industrial activities beyond natural boundaries. The question that should be raised is not to what extent should we depend on foreign sources for the supply of critical commodities and technologies, but rather how can we sustain stable relations between countries so that we can maximize the benefits of interdependence?



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