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B Retention Standards for the Military Services The military services maintain separate physical standards for height, weight, and body fat for retention. These are included in the regulations that implement the Department of Defense (DOD) directive 1308.1 dated 29 June 1981 that established a weight control program in all the Services. For each service the physical standards are included within broader military regulations governing the entire weight control program. This Appendix therefore includes excerpts from the regulations currently in effect that gov- ern height, weight, and body fat estimation for retention for the U.S. Army, U.S. Navy, U.S. Air Force, and U.S. Marine Corps. However, the full military regulation titles and numeric specifications are provided for addi- tional information. 247

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248 APPENDIX B U.S. ARMY The standards for retention in the U.S. Army are included in Army Regulation 600-9: The Army Weight Control Program (update 1 Sep- tember 1986) and include the changes listed in the 1 October 1991 Interim Change to this regulation detailed in Appendix E. This regulation is exten- sive and excerpts here include: the stated purpose of the regulation, details of procedures, and relevant reference tables. Section I Introduction 1. Purpose This regulation establishes policies and procedures for the implementation of the Army Weight Control Program. 2. References Required publications are listed in appendix A. 3. Explanation of abbreviations and terms Abbreviations and special terms used in this regulation are explained in the glossary. 4. Objectives a. The primary objective of the Army Weight Control Program is to insure that all personnel (1) Are able to meet the physical demands of their duties under combat conditions. (2) Present a trim military appearance at all times. b. Excessive body fat (1) Connotes a lack of personal discipline. (2) Detracts from military appearance. (3) May indicate a poor state of health, physical fitness, or stamina. c. Objectives of the Army Weight Control Program are to- (1) Assist in establishing and maintaining- (a) Discipline. (b) Operational readiness. (c) Optimal physical fitness. (d) Health. (e) Effectiveness of Army personnel through proper weight control. (2) Establish appropriate body fat standards. (3) Provide procedures for which personnel are counseled to assist in meeting the standards prescribed in this regulation. (4) Foster high standards of professional military appearance expected of all personnel. [Further information concerning this regulation can be obtained from Headquarters, Depart- ment of the Army (SGPS-CO-B), 5109 Leesburg Pike, Falls Church, VA 22041-2358.

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APPENDIX B Section II Responsibilities 249 S. General The Army traditionally has fostered a military appearance which is neat and trim. Further, an essential function of day-to-day effectiveness and combat readiness of the Army is that all personnel are healthy and physically fit. Self-discipline to maintain proper weight distribution and high standards of appearance are essential to every individual in the Army. SOURCE: AR 600-9 UPDATE, p. 3. ***** Section III Weight Control 20. Policy a. Commanders and supervisors will monitor all members of their command (officers, warrant officers, and enlisted personnel) to insure that they maintain proper weight, body composition (as explained in the glossary), and personal appearance. At minimum, personnel will be weighed when they take the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) or at least every 6 months. Personnel exceeding the screening table weight shown in table 1) or identified by the commander or supervisor for a special evaluation will have a determination made of percent body fat. Identification and counseling of overweight personnel are required. b. Commanders and supervisors will provide educational and other motivational pro- grams to encourage personnel to attain and maintain proper weight standards. Such programs will include (1) Nutrition education sessions conducted by qualified health care personnel. (2) Exercise programs, even though minimum APFT standards are achieved. c. Maximum allowable percent body fat standards are as follows: Age Group: 17-20 Male (% body fat): 20 Female (% body fat): 28 Age Group: 28-39 Male (% body fat): 24 Female ( % body fat): 32 Age Group: 21-27 Male (% body fat): 22 Female (% body fat): 30 Age Group: 40 & Older Male ( % body fat): 26 Female (% body fat): 34 However, all personnel are encouraged to achieve the more stringent Department of Defense (DOD)-wide goal, which is 20 percent body fat for males and 26 percent body fat for females. d. Personnel who are overweight (as explained in the glossary) (1) Will be considered nonpromotable (to the extent such nonpromotion is permitted by law). (2) Will not be authorized to attend professional military or civilian schooling. (3) Will not be assigned to command positions. 21. Procedures a. Body fat composition will be determined for personnel (1) Whose body weight exceeds the screening table weight in table 1. (2) When the unit commander or supervisor determines that the individual's appear- ance suggests that body fat is excessive. b. Routine weigh-ins will be accomplished at the unit level. Percent body fat measure

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250 APPENDIX B meets will be accomplished by company or similar level commanders (or their designee) in accordance with standard methods prescribed in Appendix B to this regulation. Soldiers will be measured by individuals of the same gender. If this cannot be accomplished, a female soldier will be present when males measure females. IRR members on AT, ADT, and SADT will have a weigh-in, and body fat evaluation (if required) by the unit to which attached. Active and Reserve component personnel and units with soldiers exceeding the body fat stan- dards in paragraph 20c, above, will be provided weight reduction counseling. c. The sample correspondence shown in figure 1 will be completed and retained by the unit commander or supervisor to document properly recommendations and actions taken in each case. d. A medical evaluation will be accomplished by health care personnel when the soldier has a medical limitation, or is pregnant, or when requested by the unit commander. One is also required for soldiers being considered for separation due to failure to make satisfactory progress in a weight control program, or within 6 months of ETS. Aircraft crew members, who exceed the body fat standards, will be referred to a flight surgeon for possible impact on flight status. If an individual's condition is diagnosed by medical authorities to result from an underlying or associated disease process, health care personnel will take one of the following actions: (1) Prescribe treatment to alleviate the condition and return personnel to their unit. (2) Hospitalize individuals for necessary treatment; this action applies to Active Army personnel only. Reserve Component personnel will be referred to their personal physician for further evaluation or treatment at the individual's expense. (3) Determine whether the individual's condition is medically disqualifying for contin- ued service. In these cases, disposition will be made under provisions of appropriate regulations. e. If health care personnel discover no underlying or associated disease process as the cause of the condition and the individual is classified as overweight, these facts will be docu- mented and the individual entered in a weight control program. Suspension of favorable personnel actions will be initiated under AR 600-31 for personnel in a weight control program. (1) The required weight loss goal of 3 to 8 pounds per month is considered a safely attainable goal to enable soldiers to lose excess body fat and meet the body fat standards described in pare 20c. Weigh-ins will be made by unit personnel monthly (or during unit assemblies for ARNG and USAR personnel) to measure progress. A body fat evaluation may also be done by unit personnel to assist in measuring progress. (2) As an exception to g below, an individual who has no weight loss after any two consecutive monthly weigh-ins may be referred by the commander or supervisor to health care personnel for reevaluation. If health care personnel are unable to determine a medical reason for lack of weight loss and if the individual is not in compliance with the body fat standards at paragraph 20c and still exceeds the screening table weight (table 1) the commander or supervisor will inform the individual that (a) Progress is unsatisfactory. (b) He or she is subject to separation as specified in j below. f. Commanders and supervisors will remove individuals administratively from a weight control program as soon as the body fat standard is achieved. The removal action will be documented as shown in figure 1; removal of suspension of favorable personnel actions will be accomplished at that time. g. After a period of dieting and/or exercise for 6 months, soldiers who have not made satisfactory progress (as explained in the glossary) and who still exceed the screening table and body fat standards will be processed as follows: (1) If health care personnel determine that the condition is due to an underlying or associated disease process, action described in d above will be taken. (2) If no underlying or associated disease process is found to cause the overweight condition, the individual will be subject to separation from the Service under appropriate regulations indicated in j below.

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APPENDIX B 251 h. Personnel will be continued in a weight control program (as provided in e through g above) after the initial 6-month period if they (1) Still exceed the body fat standard. (2) Have made satisfactory progress toward their weight loss (as indicated in the glos- sary), or are at or below the screening table weight (table 1). (3) For RC personnel only. If the individual has not obtained an evaluation from his/ her personal physician UP of pare 20d(2) above, and cannot demonstrate that the overweight condition results from an underlying or associated disease process, the individual may be sepa- rated under appropriate regulations without further medical evaluation by health care personnel. i. To assist commanders and supervisors, a flow chart outlining procedural guidance is shown at figure 2. j. The commander or supervisor will inform the individual in writing that initiation of separation proceedings is being considered under the following regulations: AR 635-200, chapter 5-15, AR 635-100, chapter 5; NGR 600-200, chapter 7; NGR 600-101; NGR 600-5; NGR 635-100; AR 135-175; or AR 135-178. This procedure will be followed unless a medical reason is found to preclude the loss of weight or there is other good cause to justify additional time in the weight control program. (1) The individual will immediately respond to the separation consideration letter in writing. The commander or supervisor will consider the response and initiate separation action if no adequate explanation is provided, unless the individual submits an application for retire- ment, if eligible. USAR personnel in an AGR status who fall under the purview of this paragraph will be released from AD and returned to the appropriate Reserve control group. (2) If separation action is not initiated or does not result in separation, the individual will be entered or continued in a weight control program, as specified in e above. k. Following removal from a weight control program, if it is determined (under a above) that an individual exceeds the screening table weight (table 1) and the body fat standard prescribed in paragraph 20c within 36 months, the following will apply: (1) If the unit com- mander determines that the individual exceeds the screening table weight and the body fat standard (a) Within 12 months from the date of the previous removal from the program and no underlying or associated disease process is found as the cause of the condition, the individ- ual will be subject to separation from the Service under j above. (Satisfactory progress in a previous weight control program will not be considered a good reason to justify time in a new program.) (b) After the 12th month, but within 36 months from the date of the previous remov- al from the program, and no underlying or associated disease process is found as the cause of the condition, the individual will be allowed 90 days to meet the standards. Personnel who meet the body fat standard after that period will be removed from the program. All others will be subject to separation from the Service under j above. (c) Personnel who meet the AR 600-9 standards and become pregnant will be ex- empt from the standards for the duration of the pregnancy plus the period of convalescent leave after birth of the child. They will be entered or reentered in a weight control program, if required, after completion of convalescent leave and approval of a medical doctor that they are fit for participation in a weight control program. This procedure also applies to individuals in a medical holding unit who have been hospitalized for long periods. Soldiers entered/reentered in a weight control program after pregnancy, prolonged treatment, or hospitalization will be considered to be in a new weight control program. Para 20k of this regulation will not apply at that time. (2) If the individual is determined to exceed the body fat standard and the condition is due to an underlying or associated disease process, action described in d above will be taken. l. Inherent in the responsibility of selection boards is the obligation to select only those individuals who are considered to be physically fit to perform the duties required of them at all

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252 APPENDIX B times. Compliance with the Army Weight Control Program as prescribed in this regulation will be considered in the selection process for promotion, professional military or civilian schooling, or assignment to command positions. Procedures for commanders and supervisors to provide current information for use by selection boards indicating whether individuals meet the prescribed standards will be included in DA regulations or issued by separate correspon- dence. m. Records will be maintained in unit files for personnel in weight control programs. On transfer from one unit to another, the losing commander or supervisor will forward the records and a statement to the gaining unit with information indicating the status of the individual's participation in a weight control program. When the transfer is a permanent change of station, the unit commander's statement and records will be (1) Filed as transfer documents in the Military Personnel Records Jacket, US Army, under AR 640-10. (2) Removed on inprocessing. n. Upon removal from the weight control program, unit records on participation in a weight control program will be maintained at unit level for a period of 36 months from date of removal. If the soldier is transferred to another unit prior to completion of 36 months, action will be taken in accordance with paragraph 21m above. 22. Reenlistment criteria a. Personnel who exceed the screening table weight at table 1 and the body fat standard for their current age group in paragraph 20c will not be allowed to reenlist or extend their enlistment. b. Exceptions to policy for Active Army personnel (including RC personnel on AD) are prescribed in this subparagraph. For soldiers who are otherwise physically fit and have per- formed their duties in a satisfactory manner, the commander exercising General Court Martial Convening Authority or the first general officer in the soldier's normal chain of command (whichever is in the most direct line to the soldier) may approve the following exceptions to policy: (1) Extension of enlistment may be authorized for personnel who meet one of the following criteria: (a) Individuals who have a temporary medical condition which precludes loss of weight. In such cases, the nature of on-going treatment will be documented; the extension will be for the minimum time necessary to correct the condition and achieve the required weight loss. (b) Pregnant soldiers who are otherwise fully qualified for reenlistment, including those with approved waivers, but who exceed acceptable standards prescribed in this regula- tion, will be extended for the minimum period which will allow birth of the child, plus 6 months. Authority, which will be cited on DA Form 1695 (Oath of Extension of Enlistment), is AR 601-280, paragraph 3-3. On completion of the period of extension, the soldier will be reevaluated under paragraph 20. (2) Exceptions to policy allowing reenlistment/extension of enlistment are authorized only in cases where standards. (a) Medically documented conditions (pare 21d) preclude attainment of required (b) Disability separation is not appropriate. c. All requests for extension of enlistment for ARNG and USAR (TPU and IRR) person- nel not on AD will be processed under NOR 600-200 or AR 140-111, chapter 3, as appropriate. d. Requests for exceptions to policy will be forwarded through the chain of command, with the commander's personal recommendation and appropriate comment at each level. As a minimum, requests will include ( 1 ) The physician's evaluation.

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APPENDIX B 253 (2) A record of progress in the weight control program. (3) Current height and weight. (4) Body fat content. (5) Years of active Federal service. (6) Other pertinent information. e. Soldiers, who have completed a minimum of 18 years of Active Federal Service (AFS), may, if otherwise eligible, be extended for the minimum time required to complete 20 years AFS. Retirement must be accomplished not later than the last day of the month in which the soldier attains retirement eligibility. Application for retirement will be submitted at the time extension is authorized. Approval/disapproval authority is outlined in AR 601-280. f. USAR soldiers, who have completed a minimum of 18 years of qualifying service for retired pay at age 60, may be extended for the minimum time required to complete 20 years qualifying service. Transfer to the IRR, Retired Reserve, or discharge will be accomplished at the end of the retirement year (RYE) in which the soldier attains the 20 qualifying years. SOURCE: AR 600-9 UPDATE, pp. 4-6.

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256 APPENDIX B AR 600-9 UPDATE: Appendix B Standard Methods for Determining Body Fat Using Body Circumferences, Height and Weight B-1. Introduction a. The procedures for the measurements of height, weight, and specific body circumfer- ences for the estimation of body fat are described in this appendix. b. Although circumferences may be looked upon by untrained personnel as easy mea- sures, they can give erroneous results if proper precautions are not followed. The individual taking the measurements must have a thorough understanding of the appropriate anatomical landmarks and measurement techniques. Unit commanders should require that designated personnel have hands-on training and read the instructions regarding technique and location, and practice before official determinations are made. Two members of the unit should be utilized in the taking of measurements, one to place the tape measure and determine measure- ments, the other to assure proper placement and tension of the tape, as well as to record the measurement on the worksheet. The individual taking the measurements should be of the same sex as the soldier being measured; the individual who assists the measurer and does the recording may be of either sex. The two should work with the soldier between them so the tape is clearly visible from all sides. Measurements will be made three times, in accordance with standard anthropometric measurement procedures. This is necessary for reliability pur- poses, since the greater number of measurements, the lesser the standard of deviation. Also, if only two measurements were taken, there would be no way to tell which measurement was the most accurate. If there is greater than '/~-inch difference between the measurements, then continue measuring until you have three measurements within /-inch of each other. An average of the scores that are within '/~-inch of each other will be used. c. When measuring circumferences, compression of the soft tissue is a problem that requires constant attention. The tape will be applied so that it makes contact with the skin and conforms to the body surface being measured. It should not compress the underlying soft tissues. Note, however, that in the hip circumference more firm pressure is needed to com- press gym shorts. All measurements are made in the horizontal plane, (i.e., parallel to the floor), unless indicated otherwise. d. The tape measure should be made of a non-stretchable material, preferably fiberglass; cloth or steel tapes are unacceptable. Cloth measuring tapes will stretch with usage and most steel tapes do not conform to body surfaces. The tape measure should be calibrated, i.e., compared with a yardstick or a metal ruler to ensure validity. This is done by aligning the fiberglass tape measure with the quarter inch markings on the ruler. The markings should match those on the ruler; if not, do not use that tape measure. The tape should be 'hi- to '/~-inch wide (not exceeding /-inch) and a minimum of 5-6 feet in length. A retractable fiberglass tape is the best type for measuring all areas. Tapes currently available through the Army Supply System (Federal Stock Number 8315-00-782-3520) may exceed the 'a: inch width limits and could impact on circumferential measurements. Efforts are being made to replace the supply system tape with a narrower retractable tape. In the interim, the current Army supply system tape may be used if retractable tapes cannot be purchased by unit budget funds available and approved by installation commanders. B-2. Height and weight measurements a. The height will be measured with the soldier, in stocking feet (without shoes) and standard PT uniform, i.e., gym shorts and T-shirt, standing on a flat surface with the head held horizontal, looking directly forward with the line of vision horizontal, and the chin parallel to the floor. The body should be straight but not rigid, similar to the position of attention. Unlike the screening table weight this measurement will be recorded to the nearest /-inch in order to gather a more accurate description of the soldier s physical characteristics.

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APPENDIX B 257 b. The weight will be measured with the soldier in a standard PT uniform, i.e., gym shorts and a T-shirt. Shoes will not be worn. The measurement should be made on scales available in units and recorded to the nearest pound with the following guidelines: (1) If the weight fraction of the soldier is less than /-pound, round down to the nearest pound. whole pound. (2) If the weight fraction of the soldier is '/~-pound or greater, round up to the next B-3. Description of circumference sites, and their anatomical landmarks and technique a. All circumference measurements will be taken three times and recorded to the nearest '/~-inch (or 0.25). If the measurements are within '/~-inch of each other, derive a mathematical average to the nearest quarter (hi) of an inch. If the measurements differ by '/~-inch or more continue measurements until you obtain three measures within '/~-inch of each other. Then average the three closest measures. b. Each set of measurements will be completed sequentially to discourage assumption of repeated measurement readings. For males, complete 1 set of abdomen and neck measure- ments, NOT three abdomen circumferences followed by three neck circumferences. Continue the process by measuring the abdomen and neck in series until you have three sets of measure- ments. For females, complete one set of hip, forearm, neck, and wrist measurements, NOT 3 hip followed by three forearm etc. continue the process by measuring hip, forearm, neck, and wrist series until you have 3 sets of measurements. c. Worksheets for computing body fat are at figure B-1 (males) and figure B-3 (females). Local reproduction is authorized. A blank copy of DA Forms 5500-R and 5501-R is located at the back of this volume. These forms will be reproduced locally on 8 '/: x 11-inch paper. Supporting factor tables are located at tables B-1 and B-2 (males) and tables B-3 through B-8 (females) and include specific steps for preparing body fat content worksheets. d. Illustrations of each tape measurement are at figure B-2 (males) and figure B-4 (fe- males). A training videotape (TVT 8-103) is also available at Visual Information Libraries, and/or Training Audiovisual Support Centers (TASC). B-4. Circumference sites and landmarks for males a. Abdomen. The soldier being measured will be standing with arms relaxed. The ab- dominal measurement is taken at a level coinciding with the midpoint of the navel (belly button) with the tape placed so that it is level all the way around the soldier being measured. Record the measurement at the end of a normal expiration. It is important that the soldier does not attempt to hold his abdomen in, thus resulting in a smaller measurement. Also the tape must be kept level across the abdomen and back. b. Neck. The soldier being measured will be standing, looking straight ahead, chin par- allel to the floor. The measurement is taken by placing the tape around the neck at a level just below the larynx (Adam s apple). Do not place the tape measure over the Adam s apple. The tape will be as close to horizontal (the tape line in the front of the neck should be at the same height as the tape line in the back of the neck) as anatomically feasible. In many cases the tape will slant down toward the front of the neck. Therefore, care should be taken so as not to involve the shoulder/neck muscles (trapezius) in the measurement. This is a possibility when a soldier has a short neck. B-5. Circumference sites and landmarks for females a. Neck. This procedure is the same as for males. b. Forearm. The soldier being measured will be standing with the arm extended away from the body so that the forearm is in plain view of the measurer, with the hand palm up. The soldier should be allowed to choose which arm he/she prefers to be measured. Place the tape around the largest forearm circumference. This will be just below the elbow. To ensure that

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331 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 0 0 ~ at oo ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ O O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ~ ~ ~ ~ up ~ ~ ~ oo ~ 0 - cat cat ~ In ~ ~ oO ~ O - ~ 0 0 ~ oo oo ~ ~ to ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ - O O at ~ oo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . via ~ ~ oo at 0 ~ ~ rat ~ ~ ~ ~ oo ~ 0 0 Cal ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Cal ~ ~ ~ ~ Cat cr oo ~ ~- \~:} L~} ~) ~ ~ ~) ~ ~ _ - 0 0 ~ oo oo . . . . . . . . . . ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo ox o _ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo oo ~ o _ ad ~ xt cat ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ rat up ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ O ~ ~ oo oo rid ID ID ~ V) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . oo ax 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo ~ O -~ ~ ~t c~ ~ ~ c~ a~ ~ oo u~ ~ r~ oo C~ O - ~i ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 00 ~ O ~ ~ C~ r~ ~ ~ ~ ~ rn ~ c~ ~ ~ ro O ~ ~ oo oo ~ ~ ~D ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ O O a~ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ~ ~ ~ oo ~ 0 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo ~ 0 - r~ c~ ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ rn ox ax oo ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ - - O 0 ~ oo oo ~D ~ oo oo ~ O ~ ~ ~) d- ~ ~ t~ O - ~ -, ~ ~t r~ ~ ~ c~ c~ ~ c~ c~ o oo ~ ~ ~ u~ ~ ~ ~ ~ r~ ~ ~ 0 0 ax ~ oo ~ ~ ~ \0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . oo ~ O ~ ~ ~ ~ v~ ~D ~ oo ~ O ~ - ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o0 c~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ c~ t-~s~ \~} ~ ~t ~ -) -) c~ - ~ 0 0 ~ oo oo ~ ~ ~ ~ v . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . oo a~ 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo a~ ~ 0 - ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ cn c~ ~ c~ - O ~ ~ oo oo ~ ~ \0 ~ ~ ~ ~ - , c~ c~ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oo a~ 0 - ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo cs, 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo ~ 0 c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ rn - O O ~ oo oo ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ - O ON (34 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ v~ ~ ~ 00 ~ 0 - c~ ~ ~ ~ ~o ~ oo a~ ~ 0 - 0 a~ ~ oo oo ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ r~ c~ ~ ~ ~ O O ~ ~ oo ~ ~ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . o ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo ~ o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo oN ~ ~1- -} c ~ _ _ O O ~ oo oO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . o ~ ~ ~ ~ u~ ~ ~ oo ~ o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo ~ o ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~- (~) c`~) c'] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ) ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ u~ o ~ o ~ o ~ o ~ o ~ o u~ o ~ o u~ ~ ~ o ~ o ~ o . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oo a~ ~ 0 0 - ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ u~ ~ ~o ~ ~ oo oO a~ a~ 0 ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ . p~ c~ o o o o - o v . . o

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332 O ~ V Z ~ ~3 - _ ~ V Z ~ ~ OV Z - _~ V Z Z ~ Z Em ~ of o ~3 _ o at Via Cal to A cr Us oo to oo Cal so to. oo _ o o o to A, A o a m oo oo ~ ~ ~ ~ In ~ ~ ~ . . . . . . . . . . rat ~ ~ ~ ~ so cr Us . . . . . . . . . . . ~4 ~ ~ ~ via ~ rat oo ~ O V~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ - O ~ C~ ~ c~ c<} ~ \~) ~S~ t~ 00 ~ ~ 0 - , ~ ~ ~ ~ 0 0 ~ a~ oo r~ ~ . . . . . . . . . . . ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~D ~ ~ oo a~ 0 ~ . _~ _ _. ~ 0 0 a~ oo oo ~ - ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo ~ o ~ ~ 0 0 a~ a~ oo ~ ~ ~o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo ~ o ~ ~ ~ ~ oo oo ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~i ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo oN oo ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o o ~ oo ~ ~ ~ d" u~ ~ ~ oo ~ O ~ ~ r~ \~' ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o. _ ~i rm ~ 1~ ~ oo ~ O O -~ ~ c~ r, ~ - , - , ~ ~ _, O O ~ a~ oo _ ~i rm ~ ~ ~D ~ 00 00 ~ O ~ ~ ~ ~ V~ . ~ ~ ~ ~ 0. 0 ax oo oo t~ <~ ~C~ ~, ~r r~ ~ ~t r, ~ ~ ~ 00 0N 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ O O ~ cr oo ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ O ~ c~ ~ - , ~ ~ ~ ~ oo ~ O ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo O O ~ oo oo ~ ~ ~ u~ ~) ~t ~ ~ ~1 ~ ~ ~ 0 ~ ~ oo ~ ~ ~. ', (~, ,_ 00 a~ 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ _ _ oo oo ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ O O a~ oo oo c~i ~ ~- Ir, \O t ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ _, _. 0 ~ 0 ~ 0 ~ 0 u~ 0 ~ 0 u~ 0 u~ 0 ~ 0 u~ 0 ~ 0 ~ 0 v~ 0 ~ 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . r~ ~ oo oo ~ o~ 0 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ v~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~

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333 ~ ~ ~ - 0 at ~ To oo ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ car cat ~ ~ O O at ~ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . O ~ cat ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo ~ 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo at ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ -~ ~ ~ cat ~ ~ ~ ~ cat rat ~ ~ ~ rat 0 0 ~ oo oo ~ ret ~ us ~ ~ ~ ~ cat ~ ~ ~ 0 ~ ~ oo oo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . oo ~ o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo ~ o ~ ~ -~ - ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ to ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Cal ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ret oo oo ~ ~ ~ ~ In ~ ~ ~ cat ~ ~ O O ~ ~ oo ~ [A \0 ~ ') ~ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo as 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo ~ 0 ~ cat I_ ~ ~ '_ ~ ~4 ~ ~ ~ cat ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ret \0 Us ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ O O EN 00 00 ret ~ ~ us . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . oo ~ o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o ~ Cal !_ ~ ~4 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ rn O O ~ ~ oo ~ ~ ~ ~ tn ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . oo a~ 0 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo ~ 0 ~ ~ c~ _~ ~ _4 t_ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ rn ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ a~ oo oo ~ ~ ~o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 0 ~ o~ oo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Yo ~ oo oo c~ o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o ~ ~4 0 o~ ~ oo oo ~ ~ ~o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ 0 0 ~ cr oo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ~n ~ ~ ~ oo C~ O ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo C~ 0 ~ ~ c~ c~ ~ u~ t_ ~ ~ ~ ~ _. ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ rn ~ ~ c~ oo ~ ~ ~D ~ u~ ~ ~ ~ ~ C~ ~ ~ O ~ C~ 00 00 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ~ ~ ~ oo ~ o ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo oo c~ o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ - ~ ~ - ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ C~ ~ ~ O O ~ ON 00 ~ ~- ~ ~ tr~ ~ ~ -} c~> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . oo ~ O - C~ C~ ~ u~ ~ ~D ~ o0 ~ O ~ C~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 00 ~ - ~ - ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ t -) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ~ oo ~ O ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ u~ \0 ~ oo ~ O ~ ~ ~ ~ u~ ~D ~ oO ~ ~ - ~ ~ c~ ~ c~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 0 ~ a~ oo ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ O O a~ oo oo . ~ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . oo ~ o ~ ~ cN ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ 0 ~ 00 00 ~ ~ ~ ~ v~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 0 ~ a~ oo oo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . oo ~ 0 ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ v~ ~ ~ oo cr, 0 ~ ~ - ~ ~ c~ ~ c~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 00 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ C~ ~ ~ O O ON ~ 00 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . a~ 0 - ~ c~ ~ ~ vo ~ oo a~ 0 ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ u~ ~D ~ oO cr - ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ c~ ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ rn c~ ~ c~ v~ ~ ~ ~ ~ r~ ~ ~ 0 ~ c~ oo oo ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ r~ c~ c~ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo ~ ~ o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo ~ o ~ ~ c~ ~ c~ ~ r~ ~ c~ ~ c~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o ~ o ~ o v~ o ~ o u~ o ~ o ~ o ~ o ~ ~ ~ o ~ o . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oo ~ cr 0 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ v~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo oo ~ ~ 0 r~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ u) o o - ~ o o o v . . v o v)

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334 APPENDIX B ALTERNATE MAXIMUM WEIGHT LIMITS FOR FEMALE MARINES 1. In 1978, a study was conducted of 226 women Marines from ages 18 to 47 years and grades of private to general. Each Marine was subjected to 35 anthropometric measurements including skinfold, girths, and diameters. As with the male study, each woman Marine was hydrostatically weighed to determine total body fat and lean body weight. With the hydrostat- ic weighing as the criteria method, a computer analysis was conducted to indicate which single or combination of measurements would be the best field method for determining percent body fat and lean body weight. 2. This study established the average percent of body fat for women Marines at 23.1 percent. It should be noted that women, due to their sex characteristics, will normally have a higher percent body fat than males. Research with women athletes has shown that the average gymnasts are 11 - 15 percent fat, runners are 16- 19 percent, and swimmers are 13- 19 percent fat. Women, generally, are considered grossly obese at 30 percent and above. 3. The maximum allowable percent of body fat for the establishment of an alternate weight standard for women Marines is established at 26 percent and below. 4. The following charts are provided as a field measurement for the estimation of percent of body fat for female Marines. A Marine need only find her specific measurement in each of the five girth columns. The point columns to the left of each girth measurement represent fat per- centage points. Add the points representing each girth measurement, subtract from that the con- stant correction factor (54.598), and the resulting figure represents the total percent body fat. EXAMPLE = BODY FAT PERCENTAGE SOURCE: MCO 6100.10A, Enclosure (3), p. 1. ***** NECK - 10 0/8 inches ABDOMEN - 28 0/8 inches BICEP - 12 4/8 inches FOREARM - 11 0/8 inches 12.7 pts. 8.6 pts. 17.8 pts. 25.7 pts. THIGH - 19 0/8 inches = 11.0 pts. TOTAL GIRTH MEASUREMENT POINTS MINUS CORRECTION FACTOR 75.800 pts 54.598 21.202

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APPENDIX B ///'A ,,,,,!// Fuji,. ~-,j~ N\~ ( \\\N Neck. The neck is measured at a point just below the larynx (adam's apple). 335 NECK PTS NECK PTS NECK PTS NECK PTS NECK .1 15 5/8 4.1 13 7/8 8.0 12 1/8 11.9 10 3/8 15.8 8 5/8 .4 15 % 4.3 13 6/8 8.2 12% 12.1 102/8 16.1 8% .7 15 3/8 4.6 13 5/8 8.5 11 7/8 12.4 10 i/8 16.3 8 3/8 1.0 15 2/8 4.9 13 % 8.8 11 6/8 12.7 10 % 16.7 8 2/8 1.3 151/8 5.2 133/8 9.1 115/8 13.0 97/8 16.9 8 1/8 1.5 15 % 5.4 13 2/8 9.4 11 % 13.3 9 % 17.2 8 % 1.8 14 7/8 5.7 13 I/8 9.6 11 3/8 13.5 9 5/8 17.4 7 7/8 2.1 14 % 6.0 13 % 9.9 112/8 13.8 9 % 17.7 7 % 2.4 14 s/8 6.3 12 7/8 10.2 11 i/8 14.1 9 3/8 18.0 7 5/8 2.7 14 4/8 6.6 12 % 10.6 11 % 14.4 9 2/8 18.3 7 % 2.9 14 3/8 6.8 12 5/8 10.8 10 7/8 14.7 9 '/8 18.6 7 3/8 3.2 142/8 7.1 12% 11.0 10% 14.9 9% 3.5 14 '/8 7.4 12 3/8 11.3 10 s/8 15.2 8 7/8 3.8 14 % 7.7 12 2/8 11.6 10 % 15.5 8 % SOURCE: MCO 6100.10A, Enclosure (3), p. 2.

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336 o - m a m o m PA o m Ed PA o Q m u, PA o m o v, ~ - ` - `00 `= taco `= `00 `00 =^ via \0 - - ` OF -~ - ^ m~ us ~ ~ To ~ al 0 ..... . . . cat cut Ox~00OxOx~00 BLOC `00 `00 _ - - ^ - - =^ = - = - - - OF ~ al ~ ~ cot ~ ~ 0 cut ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Go al 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ vat . . . . . . . . ~ ~ 00 00 00 00 00 00 ~4 _. ~ ~ _, O' _ - - ,~, - - cut co cot cut ~ cut 00 0 . . . . . . . . ~ ~ _, ~ _. ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ an' ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ O _ ~ Go oo Go Go Go ~ al ret ~ rot ON 0 . . . . . . . . Oo ax ~ a~ ~ ~ c~ a~ o~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo ~ o ~ . . . . . . . . ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ u) ~ ~ ~ o~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo oo oo oo oo o ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . . . . . . . .

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337 AX AX AX AX AX AX AX AX AX AX AX AX AX AX AX AX AX AX AX AX AX X X X on X X X X X - ` urn to' - ' to' - ' - ' - ' fir' vat Ace - - of -~ can - ^ =^ =^ Boa - - of ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ to\ ~ ~o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ r~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo oo oo oo oO oo oo oo ~ cr oo ~ O ~ ~ ~ ~ u~ ~D ~ oo a~ 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ v~ ~ 00 ~ 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ r~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ u~ ~ ~ ~ u~ ~ ~ ~ c~ r~ ~ ~ c~ c~ ~ ~ c~ ~ c~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ r~ c~ ~X ~X ~X ~X ~X ~X ~X ~X ~X ~X ~X ~X ~X ~X ~X ~X ~X ~X ~X ~X ~X X X X X X X ~X X ~X X X ~ - ' - - =' =' =' - ' o~ ~ - ^ - ` - ^ V~` =` - - o~ ~ - ^ - ^ "^ U~^ ~ ~ O\ ~ ~ ~ =^ ~ =^ ~ O\ ~ ~ ~ o 0 0 0 0 0 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~1~1-~ 1 C-1~1-~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ -) ~ d" ~ ~ ~J d. ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~t ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ d. r~ oo 0N 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ O ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo ~ 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ oo cr 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oo oo oo oo ~ a~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ~ _4 ~ 4 ~ _4 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ r~ c~ ~X ~ OCR for page 247
338 APPENDIX B l fT Biceps Extended. The biceps are measured in the extended position with the arm abducted to 90 and the palm supinated. The tape is placed over the largest part of the bicep/tricep group. Forearm. The forearm is measured over the largest part of the forearm while the subject has the shoulder abducted to 90, elbow extended and the palm supinated.

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APPENDIX B PTS BICEPS 339 PTS BICEPS PTS BICEPS PTS BICEPS PTS BICEPS .1 5 7/8 4.8 7 s/8 9.4 9 3/8 14.1 11 1/818.8 12 7/8 .4 6/8 5.1 7 % 9.8 9% 14.5 112/819.1 13 % .8 6 1/8 5.4 7 7/8 10.1 9 5/8 14.8 113/819.5 13 1/8 1.1 62/8 5.8 8 % 10.4 9 % 15.1 11 %19.8 13 2/8 1.4 63/8 6.1 81/8 10.8 97/8 15.5 115/820.1 133/8 1.8 6 % 6.4 8 2/8 11.1 10 % 15.8 11 %20.5 13 % 2.1 6 5/8 6.8 8 3/8 11.4 10 1/8 16.1 117/820.8 13 5/8 2.4 6% 7.1 8% 11.8 102/8 16.5 12%21.1 13% 2.8 6 7/8 7.4 8 5/8 12.1 10 3/8 16.8 12 1/8 3.1 7 % 7.8 8 % 12.4 10 % 17.1 12 2/8 3.4 7 1/8 8.1 8 7/8 12.8 10 5/8 17.5 12 3/8 3.8 7 2/8 8.4 9% 13.1 10% 17.8 12% 4.1 7 3/8 8.8 9 1/8 13.5 10 7/8 18.1 12 s/8 4.4 7% 9.1 92/8 13.8 11 % 18.5 12% FORE- FORE- FORE- FORE- FORE PTS ARM PTS ARM PTS ARM PTS ARMPTS ARM .2 17 s/8 9.3 15 2/8 18.5 12 7/8 27.7 10 %36.8 8 1/8 .6 17 % 9.8 15 1/8 19.0 12% 28.1 103/837.3 8 % 1.1 17 3/8 10.3 15 % 19.5 12 5/8 28.5 10 2/837.8 7 7/8 1.6 17 2/8 10.8 14 7/8 19.9 12% 29.1 10 1/838.3 7 % 2.1 17 1/8 11.2 14 % 20.4 12 3/8 29.6 10 %38.8 7 5/8 2.5 17 % 11.7 14 5/8 20.9 12 2/8 30.1 9 7/839.3 7 % 3.0 16 7/8 12.2 14 % 21.4 12 1/8 30.6 9 %39.7 7 3/8 3.5 16 % 12.7 14 3/8 21.9 12 % 31.0 9 5/840.2 7 2/8 4.0 16 s/8 13.2 14 2/8 22.3 11 7/8 31.5 9 %40.7 7 1/8 4.5 16 % 13.7 14 1/8 22.8 11 % 32.0 9 3/841.2 7 % 5.0 16 3/8 14.1 14 % 23.3 11 5/8 32.5 9 2/841.7 6 7/8 5.4 16 2/8 14.6 13 7/8 23.8 11 % 33.0 9 1/842.2 6 % 5.9 16 1/8 15.1 13 % 24.3 11 3/8 33.5 9 %42.5 6 5/8 6.4 16 % 15.6 13 5/8 24.9 11 2/8 33.9 8 7/8.0 0 % 6.9 15 7/8 16.1 13 % 25.2 11 1/8 34.4 8 % 7.4 15 % 16.6 13 3/8 25.7 11 % 34.9 8 s/8 7.9 15 5/8 17.0 13 2/8 26.2 10 7/8 35.4 8 % 8.3 15 % 17.5 13 1/8 26.7 10 % 36.0 8 3/8 8.8 15 3/8 18.0 13 % 27.2 10 s/8 36.4 8 2/8 SOURCE: MCO 6110.10A, Enclosure (3), p. 4.

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340 APPENDIX B Thigh. The thigh measurement is taken with the subject's feet slightly apart. The tape is placed just below the gluteal fold with the subject standing evenly on both legs. PTS THIGH PTS THIGH PTS THIGH PTS THIGH PTS THIGH .0 11 6/8 7.0 16 2/8 13.7 20 % 20.5 25 2/8 27.3 29 % .2 11 7/8 7.1 16 3/8 13.9 20 7/8 20.7 25 3/8 27.5 29 7/8 .4 12 % 7.3 16 % 14.1 21 0/8 20.9 25 % 27.7 30 % .6 12 l/8 7.4 16 5/8 14.3 21 1/8 21.1 25 5/8 27.9 30 1/8 .8 12 2/8 7.6 16 % 14.5 212/8 21.3 25 6/8 28.1 30 2/8 1.0 12 3/8 7.8 16 7/8 14.6 21 3/8 21.5 25 7/8 28.3 30 3/8 1.2 12% 8.0 17% 14.8 21 % 21.7 26% 28.5 30% 1.4 12 5/8 8.2 17 l/8 15.0 21 5/8 21.8 26 1/8 28.9 30 6/8 1.6 12 % 8.4 17 2/8 15.2 21 6/8 22.0 26 2/8 29.0 30 7/8 1.8 12 7/8 8.6 17 3/8 15.4 21 7/8 22.2 26 3/8 29.2 31 % 1.9 13 % 8.8 17 % 15.6 22 % 22.4 26 % 29.4 31 1/8 2.1 13 1/8 9.0 17 5/8 15.8 22 1/8 22.6 26 5/8 29.6 31 2/8 2.3 13 2/8 9.1 17 6/8 16.0 22 2/8 22.8 26 % 29.8 31 3/8 2.5 13 3/8 9.3 17 7/8 16.2 22 3/8 23.0 26 7/8 30.0 31 % 2.7 13 % 9.5 18 % 16.3 22% 23.2 27 % 30.2 31 5/8 2.9 13 5/8 9.7 18 1/8 16.5 22 5/8 23.4 27 1/8 30.4 31 6/8 3.1 13 6/8 9.9 18 2/8 16.7 22 % 23.6 27 2/8 30.6 31 7/8 3.3 13 7/8 10.1 18 3/8 16.9 22 7/8 23.7 27 3/8 30.8 32 % 3.5 14 % 10.3 18 % 17.1 23 % 23.9 27 % 30.9 32 1/8 3.6 14 1/8 10.5 18 5/8 17.3 23 1/8 24.1 27 5/8 31.1 32 2/8 3.8 14 2/8 10.7 18 6/8 17.5 23 2/8 24.3 27 % 31.3 32 3/8 4.0 14 3/8 10.9 18 7/8 17.7 23 3/8 24.5 27 7/8 31.5 32 % 4.2 14 % 11.0 19 % 17.9 23 % 24.7 28 % 31.7 32 5/8 4.4 14 5/8 11.2 19 1/8 18.1 23 5/8 24.9 28 1/8 31.9 32 % 4.6 14 % 11.4 19 2/8 18.2 23 % 25.1 28 2/8 32.1 32 7/8 4.8 14 7/8 11.6 19 3/8 18.4 23 7/8 25.3 28 3/8 32.3 33 3/8 5.0 15 % 11.8 19 % 18.6 24 % 25.4 28 % 32.5 33 1/8 5.2 15 1/8 12.0 19 5/8 18.8 24 1/8 25.6 28 5/8 32.7 33 2/8 5.4 15 2/8 12.2 19 % 19.0 24 2/8 25.8 28 % 32.8 33 3/8 5.5 15 3/8 12.4 19 7/8 19.2 24 3/8 26.0 28 7/8 32.9 33 % 5.7 15 % 12.6 20% 19.4 24% 26.2 29% 5.9 15 5/8 12.7 20 1/8 19.6 24 5/8 26.4 29 1/8 6.1 15% 12.9 202/8 19.8 246/8 26.6 292/8 6.3 15 7/8 13.1 20 3/8 20.0 24 7/8 26.8 29 3/8 6.5 16 % 13.3 20 % 20.1 25 % 27.0 29 % 6.7 16 1/8 13.5 20 5/8 20.3 25 1/8 27.2 29 5/8 SOURCE: MCO 6100.10A, Enclosure (3), p. 5.