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FBiographical Sketches COMMITTEE MEMBERS RICHARD L. ATKINSON Since 1986, he has been Professor of Internal Medicine at Eastern Virginia Medical School and Associate Chief of Staff for Research and Development at the Department of Veterans Affairs Med- ical Center in Hampton, Virginia. He received an M.D. degree from the Medical College of Virginia. His research interests are in nutrition, particu- larly in obesity and the regulation of body weight and energy balance. ANDRE BENSADOUN He is a Professor of biochemistry in the Division of Nutritional Sciences at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. His areas of research include lipid transport in vertebrates and specifically the study of lipolytic enzymes. WILLIAM ,l. EVANS He is the Chief of the Human Physiology Laborato- ry at the l).S.D.A. Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University and an Associate Professor of Nutrition and Physiology in the School of Nutrition and the Medical School of Tufts University. He is a Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine and of the American College of Nutrition. He received his Master's and Ph.D. degrees at the Ball State University Human Performance Laboratory. His laboratory ex- amines the relationship between exercise, nutrition and aging. 351

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352 APPENDIX F JOEL A. GRINKER She is currently Professor in the Human Nutrition Program, School of Public Health, Professor in Pediatrics at the Medical School and a member of the Center for Human Growth and Development at the University of Michigan. She received a Ph.D. in experimental social psychology from New York University and was the recipient of a Russell Sage Foundation Fellowship at the Rockefeller University in biochemistry, biology and behavior. After 15 years at Rockefeller University in the labo- ratory of Human Behavior and Metabolism, she moved to the University of Michigan to become Chair of the Program in Human Nutrition. Major areas of interest are in obesity, specifically the development and maintenance of obesity through the life span. EDWARD S. HORTON He is Professor and Chairman of the Department of Medicine at the University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, Vermont. He is a graduate of Harvard Medical School and received his training in internal medicine and endocrinology and metabolism at Duke University. Since 1967, he has been at the University of Vermont where his major research has involved studies of the regulation of energy expenditure in humans, the interrelationships between obesity and diabetes mellitus and the mechanisms of insulin resistance in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. He is, particularly, interested in the effects of exercise and physical condi- tioning on insulin sensitivity and the regulation of glucose transport and metabolism in skeletal muscle. He is immediate Past President of the American Diabetes Association and a Past President of the American Society for Clin- ical Nutrition. G. RICHARD JANSEN He is Emeritus Professor of nutritional science and formerly Head of the Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition at Colorado State University. His Ph.D. in biochemistry was from Cornell University. His research interests deal primarily with protein nutrition, and he has co-authored a book on diet and health issues. Prior to his appoint- ment at Colorado State, he was a research fellow at the Merck Institute. He served in the United States Air Force from 1950 to 1953. GILBERT A. LEVEILLE He is Vice President of Research and Technical Services for Nabisco Brands, Inc. Prior to joining Nabisco in 1986 he was Director of Nutrition and Health for General Foods, and from 1971 to 1980 was Professor and Chairman of the Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition at Michigan State University. He holds a Ph.D. in nutrition and biochemistry from Rutgers University. His areas of research interest in- clude carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, obesity and metabolic adaptations to diet.

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APPENDIX F 353 JOHN A. MILNER Since 1989 he has been Professor and Head of the Nutrition Department at The Pennsylvania State University. He has a Ph.D. degree in nutrition from Cornell University. He has a broad background in both fundamental and applied nutrition. His own research deals with the role of the diet as a modifier of cancer risk. ROBERT O. NESHEIM (Committee Chairman) He retired as Vice Presi- dent, Science and Technology, for the Quaker Oats Company, Chicago, Illinois, in 1983, and in 1991, as President of Advanced HealthCare, Monterey, California. He earned a Ph.D. degree in nutrition from the University of Illinois and has had extensive experience in research management. He has been involved in food and nutrition issues for many years, serving on many national committees, including the Food and Nutrition Board and the Food Advisory Committee, Office of Technology Assessment, U.S. Congress. He is a Fellow of the American Institute of Nutrition. JOHN E. VANDERVEEN Since 1975, he has been the Director, Division of Nutrition at the Food and Drug Administration. He is responsible for planning, developing, and implementing programs that provide scientific knowledge required to carry out the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act with respect to the field of nutrition. His duties also include providing scientific counsel in the formation of regulations and regulatory programs in the broad field of nutrition and food labeling as well as providing nutritional review of petitions submitted for regulatory actions, exemptions and/or food addi- tive approvals. He earned a Ph.D. degree in chemistry from the University of New Hampshire. ALLISON A. YATES She is Dean of the College of Health and Human Sciences at the University of Southern Mississippi and Associate Professor of foods and nutrition. She has a Ph.D. degree in nutrition from the Univer- sity of California at Berkeley, and an M.S. in public health from U.C.L.A., and is a registered dietitian. She currently serves as Project Director for the Division of Applied Research of the National Food Service Management Institute. Her areas of expertise are in food habits, diet composition, and protein and energy interrelationships. AUTHORS RICHARD N. BAUMGARTNER Since January 1991, he has been Re- search Associate Professor in the Department of Biochemistry and Director of the Body Composition Laboratory at Clinical Nutrition Research Center, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque. He earned a Ph.D. from the Uni- versity of Texas in 1982. His interests include growth, development, and

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354 APPENDIX F aging, fat distribution and body composition, and the nutritional epidemiol- ogy of chronic diseases. MATTHEW W. BOVEE Through March of 1992, he was Database Man- ager for the Occupational Medicine Division of the U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine. He earned his Master's degree in physiology and cell biology, (specialty in exercise physiology) from the University of Kansas, emphasizing cardiovascular and musculoskeletal physiology. His interests include neuromuscular impact of training speci- ficity, and interactions between fitness and risk of morbidity. WILLIAM CAMERON CHUMLEA He is a Fels Professor of Community Health and Fels Professor of Pediatrics at Wright State University School of Medicine. He is also Adjunct Professor of Pathology, at the Clinical Nutri- tion Research Center, University of New Mexico School of Medicine. Since 1978, he has been involved with on going research in the Fels Longitudinal Study at The Fels Research Institute, now the Division of Human Biology, Department of Community Health, Wright State University. KIRK ,.~. CURETON Since 1976, he has been Director of the Exercise Physiology Laboratory at the University of Georgia. He is now Professor and Head of the Department of Exercise Science at that institution. He has a Ph.D. in physical education (exercise physiology) from the University of Illinois at Urbana. His principal area of research interest is the biological basis of individual differences in human physical performance and fitness. KARL E. FRIEDL He is an Army Research Physiologist, specializing in body composition in the Occupational Physiology Division at the U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, Massachusetts. Pre- viously, he worked in the Department of Clinical Investigation at Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, Washington. He received his Ph.D. degree in biology in 1984 from the Institute of Environmental Stress at the Univer- sity of California at Santa Barbara. PETER N. FRYKMAN Since 1984 he has been a Research Physiologist at the U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine in Natick, Massachusetts. He engages in research in the areas of biomechanics, strength, and body composition. STANLEY M. GARN He is Professor of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Professor of Anthropology and Fellow of the Center for Human Growth and Development at the University of Michigan. He is concerned with the implications of differences in body composition (including skeletal

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APPENDIX F 355 weight) to maturation, reproduction, fitness and mortality and morbidity. He has been a member of the National Academy of Sciences since 1976. EVERETT A. HARMAN Since 1984 he has been a research physiologist and Director of Biomechanics Research at the U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine in Natick, Massachusetts. He is currently Vice President for Research of the National Strength and Conditioning Associa- tion and Associate Editor of the Journal of Applied Sport Science Research and the National Strength and Conditioning Association Journal. His areas of interest include the biomechanics of lifting, load carriage, running and jumping as well as the design of optimal physical training programs. JAMES A. HODGDON He has served as a research physiologist at the Naval Health Research Center in San Diego since 1975, both as a military researcher and civil servant. His research has included a wide range of topics in exercise and environmental physiology. He was responsible for the development of the Navy's body composition standards and measure- ment methods. He is currently the Head of the Work Physiology and Mod- eling Division at the Naval Health Research Center. BRUCE H. JONES He is the Chief of the Occupational Medicine Division of the U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine. He re- ceived his M.D. degree from the University of Kansas and his M.P.H. from the Harvard School of Public Health. His residency training in preventive medicine was completed at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research. His research focuses on the epidemiology of training-related injuries in military populations. FRANK I. KATCH He is Professor of exercise science at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. He served as chair of the department from 1977 to 1991, and currently is Director of the Laboratory of Human Perfor- mance and Body Composition. He earned his doctoral degree in physical education, with a specialty in exercise physiology, at the University of California at Berkeley. His research interests include anthropometry and evaluation of muscular strength and performance. He is cofounder of Fit- ness Technologies, Inc., a consulting firm specializing in computer applica- tions in nutrition, weight control, exercise, and health. JOSEPH J. KNAPIK He is a research physiologist at the U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine. He holds a Sc.D. in applied anatomy and physiology from Boston University. His areas of specializa- tion are exercise physiology and physical fitness as applied to military populations of all ages.

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356 APPENDIX F HENRY C. LUKASKI Since 1983, he has been a Research Physiologist at the USDA, ARS Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center. He is currently Research Leader for Nutrition, Physiology and Behavior at the Center. He has a Ph.D. degree in physiology from the Pennsylvania State University, and directs a research program focusing on the determination of human trace mineral requirements based on optimizing physiologic function and performance. ROY J. SHEPHARD He is currently a Professor of applied physiology in the School of Physical and Health Education at the University of Toronto, and was Director of that School from 1979 to 1991. He is also a consultant to the Defence and Civil Institute of Environmental Medicine, Downsview, Ontario. He holds a Ph.D. and an M.D. degree from the University of London, and a D.P.E. (Hon. Caus.) from the University of Gent. JAMES A. VOGEL He is Director of Occupational Health and Perfor- mance, U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, which encompasses research programs in occupational medicine, occupational phys- iology, nutrition and behavioral performance-neuroscience. He earned a Ph.D. degree in physiology from Rutgers University. He is the principal consultant to the Department of the Army in the biomedical aspects of physical fitness and exercise physiology and chairs a NATO Research Study Group on the Biomedical Aspects of Military Physical Training.