Index

A

Acoustic 16, 93, 101, 110, 117, 132, 133, 136, 137, 143, 146, 157, 158, 161, 177, 208, 211, 218, 220, 240

acoustics 12, 74, 92, 93, 119, 161, 162, 168, 170, 171, 208, 218, 220

aerodynamics iv, xii, 4, 5, 8, 9, 12, 15, 16, 25, 31, 33, 32, 35-37, 49, 53, 59, 62, 69, 70, 74, 91, 93, 94, 109, 110, 109-113, 116, 129-131, 135, 136, 145, 146, 158, 187, 281-283

aeronautics i, ii, iii, iv, v, vi, vii, ix, xi, xiii, xvi, 1-12, 15 , 20, 25-29, 34-38, 41, 42, 48, 52, 53, 56, 59-63, 67, 69, 71, 73, 90, 91, 94, 97, 102, 104, 105, 109, 116, 120, 123, 126, 127, 129, 137, 139, 140, 145, 149, 152, 170, 175, 183, 187, 190, 223, 243, 246, 247, 249, 254, 258, 269, 270, 272-275, 278, 279, 281, 284, 285

Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board i, ii, iii, iv, vii, 1, 2, 25, 94, 273, 274

Aerospace Industries Association 2, 7, 27, 42, 73, 74, 264, 269, 270 , 277

Aerospatiale 79, 81

Air Force iii, iv, 138, 159, 193, 198, 279, 288

air traffic management 3, 27, 66, 73, 100, 103, 221, 243

ATM xvi, 3, 4, 6, 12, 14, 20, 21, 27, 29, 30, 32, 52, 58, 59, 66, 69, 73, 74, 86, 89, 93, 100, 103-107, 221, 226-228, 230, 243-254, 257, 259, 261, 263, 264-267, 277

Airbus 1, 2, 27, 42, 79, 119, 196, 197, 201, 271

airport xii, 3, 11-14, 27, 30, 31, 57, 62, 66, 68, 70, 74, 85, 88, 92, 98, 100, 101, 103-105, 107, 116, 117, 125, 163, 164, 184, 224, 225, 228, 250, 251, 274, 287

airports 1, 3, 4, 12, 14, 29, 30, 46, 50, 57, 65, 67, 68, 80, 85-87, 97, 100, 103-105, 107, 116, 117, 163, 208, 215, 250

Alenia 79

all-weather landing 225

aluminum 71, 191, 192, 196, 197, 204, 209, 210, 213, 214, 216, 217, 219

aluminum-lithium 191

Ames Research Center iv, v, 16, 110, 254, 258, 272, 277

Ames iv, v, 16, 110, 132, 136-139, 141-143, 146, 254, 258, 272, 277

Asia 64, 77, 78, 106

avionics iv, xiii, 4, 5, 9, 19-21, 26, 31, 33, 36, 37, 53, 55, 59, 69, 70, 84, 91, 94, 175, 221-224, 232, 233, 244, 245, 264, 266

B

Boeing iii, iv, v, vii, 1, 2, 27, 42, 48, 60, 62, 64, 65, 80, 81, 102, 111, 114, 115, 119, 120, 121, 129, 139, 142, 196, 201, 225, 226, 270, 286, 287

BRITE EURAM 116, 122

British Aerospace 80, 142

business jet 7, 27, 64, 73, 76-80, 82, 84, 120, 121, 165, 173, 274

C

Canadair 78, 80



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Aeronautical Technologies for the Twenty-First Century Index A Acoustic 16, 93, 101, 110, 117, 132, 133, 136, 137, 143, 146, 157, 158, 161, 177, 208, 211, 218, 220, 240 acoustics 12, 74, 92, 93, 119, 161, 162, 168, 170, 171, 208, 218, 220 aerodynamics iv, xii, 4, 5, 8, 9, 12, 15, 16, 25, 31, 33, 32, 35-37, 49, 53, 59, 62, 69, 70, 74, 91, 93, 94, 109, 110, 109-113, 116, 129-131, 135, 136, 145, 146, 158, 187, 281-283 aeronautics i, ii, iii, iv, v, vi, vii, ix, xi, xiii, xvi, 1-12, 15 , 20, 25-29, 34-38, 41, 42, 48, 52, 53, 56, 59-63, 67, 69, 71, 73, 90, 91, 94, 97, 102, 104, 105, 109, 116, 120, 123, 126, 127, 129, 137, 139, 140, 145, 149, 152, 170, 175, 183, 187, 190, 223, 243, 246, 247, 249, 254, 258, 269, 270, 272-275, 278, 279, 281, 284, 285 Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board i, ii, iii, iv, vii, 1, 2, 25, 94, 273, 274 Aerospace Industries Association 2, 7, 27, 42, 73, 74, 264, 269, 270 , 277 Aerospatiale 79, 81 Air Force iii, iv, 138, 159, 193, 198, 279, 288 air traffic management 3, 27, 66, 73, 100, 103, 221, 243 ATM xvi, 3, 4, 6, 12, 14, 20, 21, 27, 29, 30, 32, 52, 58, 59, 66, 69, 73, 74, 86, 89, 93, 100, 103-107, 221, 226-228, 230, 243-254, 257, 259, 261, 263, 264-267, 277 Airbus 1, 2, 27, 42, 79, 119, 196, 197, 201, 271 airport xii, 3, 11-14, 27, 30, 31, 57, 62, 66, 68, 70, 74, 85, 88, 92, 98, 100, 101, 103-105, 107, 116, 117, 125, 163, 164, 184, 224, 225, 228, 250, 251, 274, 287 airports 1, 3, 4, 12, 14, 29, 30, 46, 50, 57, 65, 67, 68, 80, 85-87, 97, 100, 103-105, 107, 116, 117, 163, 208, 215, 250 Alenia 79 all-weather landing 225 aluminum 71, 191, 192, 196, 197, 204, 209, 210, 213, 214, 216, 217, 219 aluminum-lithium 191 Ames Research Center iv, v, 16, 110, 254, 258, 272, 277 Ames iv, v, 16, 110, 132, 136-139, 141-143, 146, 254, 258, 272, 277 Asia 64, 77, 78, 106 avionics iv, xiii, 4, 5, 9, 19-21, 26, 31, 33, 36, 37, 53, 55, 59, 69, 70, 84, 91, 94, 175, 221-224, 232, 233, 244, 245, 264, 266 B Boeing iii, iv, v, vii, 1, 2, 27, 42, 48, 60, 62, 64, 65, 80, 81, 102, 111, 114, 115, 119, 120, 121, 129, 139, 142, 196, 201, 225, 226, 270, 286, 287 BRITE EURAM 116, 122 British Aerospace 80, 142 business jet 7, 27, 64, 73, 76-80, 82, 84, 120, 121, 165, 173, 274 C Canadair 78, 80

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Aeronautical Technologies for the Twenty-First Century capacity ix, xii, 3, 5, 12, 14, 20, 29, 30, 33, 48-50, 52, 57-59, 66, 74, 76, 79, 85, 86, 88, 89, 92, 103-106, 117, 221, 222, 224, 243, 245, 249, 250, 251, 253, 254, 261, 269, 274, 287 category IIIc 8-10, 25, 34-38, 46, 52, 57, 58, 73, 74, 77, 78, 80, 84, 90, 94, 157, 213, 215, 224, 251, 247, 281, 283 ceramic matrix composite 19, 161, 188, 277 CMC 161, 162, 204, 206, 212, 277 cockpit 43, 53, 56, 88, 229-231, 247-250, 253, 257, 265, 277 cognitive engineering xiii, 4, 5, 9, 12, 20, 26, 31, 33, 36, 37, 49 , 53, 56, 69, 70, 74, 88, 91, 93, 222, 243-245, 244, 246-249, 254, 255 commuter ix, xv, 1, 2, 10, 12, 17, 46, 48, 73-76, 79, 80, 85, 86, 88-93, 117, 150, 166, 167, 213, 282 composite xvi, 19, 50, 54, 81, 91, 156, 157, 161, 171, 172, 174, 187 , 188, 192, 193, 195-204, 206, 207, 210-219, 277-279, 281 composites xvi, 19, 55, 71, 92, 135-137, 151, 153, 157, 166, 172, 174, 188, 190, 192, 194-196, 198, 200-205, 208, 210, 212, 214-220, 277 computational fluid dynamics 16, 110, 112, 144, 146, 147, 149, 181, 189, 237, 273, 277 analysis codes 8, 9, 26, 35, 37, 53, 60, 63, 69, 91, 100-102, 106, 110, 116, 117, 120, 129, 130, 136, 147, 168-171, 174, 188, 189, 194 , 195, 200-202, 220, 233, 234, 246, 254, 259, 265-267, 272, 281-283 CFD 112-115, 117, 118, 120-122, 124, 125, 127, 130, 131, 137, 144, 145, 147, 149, 161, 166, 168-170, 179, 181, 182, 189, 205, 277 design codes 168, 169, 182 computer 15, 19, 20, 104, 107, 121, 166, 173, 175, 182, 189, 222, 233, 243, 247, 251, 252, 264, 274, 277, 287 computers 20, 86, 106, 113, 115, 122, 175, 189, 233, 243 congestion 3, 12, 14, 19, 31, 32, 47, 50, 76, 85-88, 103, 104, 106, 222, 269 consortia xvi, 1, 75, 82, 83 consortium 1, 27, 42, 64, 68, 79, 122 controls iv, xiii, 4, 5, 8, 15, 19, 20, 31, 33, 35, 36, 38, 53, 69, 91, 100, 110, 111, 136, 151, 154, 157-159, 161, 162, 166, 173, 175 , 178, 184, 185, 214, 221, 222-224, 229, 232, 236, 237, 244, 248, 281-283 convenience 1, 3, 5, 6, 27, 29-31, 33, 50, 52, 54, 62, 69, 74, 91 conventional takeoff and landing xii, 90, 125, 129, 277 CTOL 277 cost xv, xvi, 2, 3, 5, 13, 19, 29-33, 32, 34, 42-44, 49, 51, 52, 54 , 55, 59, 62, 63, 65, 66, 68, 69, 71, 74, 84, 88-93, 109, 111, 114 , 119, 135, 152, 156, 157, 160, 162, 164-167, 171-174, 187, 188, 191, 193, 195-198, 202, 203, 205, 208-211, 213-216, 218, 219, 221, 232, 233, 241, 278 operating cost xv, xvi, 43, 44, 51, 52, 89, 152, 157, 187, 202, 278 operating costs 2, 18, 32, 43, 49, 55, 62, 64, 74, 80, 86, 87, 89, 158, 204, 249 ownership 2, 43, 44, 65, 66, 167 crew 5, 21, 33, 44, 59, 62, 74, 92, 93, 100, 116, 129, 218, 222, 221 , 227, 231, 232, 244, 245, 248, 249, 252, 256, 257, 260-263, 265-267 aircrew 4, 20, 31 D Data compression 234 Deutsche Aerospace 79 divided attention 21, 244, 257-263 drag 5, 33, 49, 59, 70, 71, 89, 91, 110, 112, 113, 118-120, 123-128, 134, 142, 151, 152, 157, 163, 177, 187, 214, 236, 239, 275, 278 E Emissions xii, xiii, xvi, 3, 5, 6, 11, 13, 17, 29, 32, 33, 42, 51, 58, 62, 66-70, 92, 93, 97-99, 101, 124, 149, 150, 154, 158-160, 162-166, 168, 182-184, 237

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Aeronautical Technologies for the Twenty-First Century engine iv, vi, xv, xvi, 2, 5, 6, 11, 13, 14, 19, 26, 29, 42, 49-51, 56, 58, 62, 67-70, 76, 84, 85, 88, 91, 92, 98-100, 113, 116, 119, 125-128, 139, 140, 142, 144, 146, 149-153, 158-162, 164-166, 168-178, 182-184, 187-193, 198, 200, 203-208, 216, 217, 220-222, 235, 237-241, 245, 278, 282, 286, 287 engines vii, xiii, xvi, 1, 2, 6, 7, 17, 18, 38, 55, 56, 71, 74, 86, 99, 100, 118, 128, 143, 149-152, 156, 157, 159, 160, 164-167, 171, 172, 175, 177-179, 181-183, 185, 187, 188, 190, 191, 198, 199, 204 , 206, 211, 213, 217, 219, 234, 238, 241, 275 England 258, 274 environment 4, 11, 29, 30, 52, 58, 62, 63, 70, 73, 74, 92, 105, 116 , 144, 182, 192, 204, 209-211, 215, 227, 230, 231, 233, 239, 241, 249, 250, 263, 264, 273, 279 environmental vi, ix, xii, 3-5, 9, 11, 13, 17, 29-33, 37, 38, 41, 49, 51, 61-66, 68-70, 82, 86, 88, 97, 98, 102, 104, 106, 126, 130, 149, 157, 171, 189-191, 203, 208, 209, 215, 219, 225, 255, 273, 275 , 278 error 8, 9, 21, 35, 37, 53, 69, 74, 89, 91, 93, 129, 244-246, 249, 253-263, 265, 266, 272, 274, 275 Europe 1, 14, 42, 64, 76-78, 81, 103, 106, 117, 122, 128, 132, 164, 165 european 1, 27, 55, 74, 75, 79-82, 101, 114, 116, 117, 122, 128, 143 , 147, 274 expert systems 234, 260 F Fabricate 71, 171, 196, 212 fabrication 19, 119, 124, 153, 188, 190-195, 198, 199, 202, 203, 206 , 209-212, 214, 219, 220 fault tolerance 224, 225, 232, 233, 235 Federal Aviation Administration vi, 3, 29, 58, 76, 97, 104, 117, 215 , 223, 248, 249, 269, 271, 275, 278, 287 FAA 3, 6, 12-14, 20, 21, 29, 38, 53, 74, 76, 86, 87, 92, 97-99, 101 , 104-107, 117, 132, 136, 137, 215, 218, 219, 222, 223, 244, 248, 264, 265, 269, 271, 275, 278, 285, 287 FAR xv, 100, 116, 125, 126, 158, 159, 163, 168, 169, 278 Federal Aviation Regulation100, 116, 158, 278 fiber optics 15, 71, 104, 107, 218, 221, 231, 241 foreign ix, 1, 2, 17, 26-31, 41, 49, 64, 68, 74, 75, 80, 85, 86, 100 , 101, 117, 137, 139, 140, 150, 204, 213, 215, 216, 275 France 42, 64, 83, 137-139, 143, 147, 274 fuel xv, 3, 5, 6, 17, 29, 30, 33, 42-44, 49-51, 56, 57, 59, 60, 62, 66, 70, 71, 74, 91, 99, 106, 110, 112, 118, 150-152, 157-162, 164-167, 182-184, 187, 196, 203, 204, 226, 236-238, 240, 241, 279 G General aviation xv, 1, 2, 4, 10, 12, 27, 38, 73, 74, 82-84, 87, 88 , 90-94, 100, 164, 167, 213, 215, 266, 269, 271, 273, 278, 282 GA v, 73, 82, 84, 87, 88, 90, 92, 93, 213, 215, 218, 250, 251, 278 General Electric vi, vii, 151, 153, 207, 278 GE 151, 152, 159, 160, 162, 183, 184, 278 Global Positioning System 14, 104, 222, 246, 278 GPS 14, 19, 104, 222, 224, 225, 227, 228, 246, 251, 278 H Helicopter iv, 80-83, 89, 90, 131-135, 137, 196, 197, 214, 274, 277 , 287 helicopters xvi, 13, 74, 80, 81, 83, 86, 89, 92, 131-137, 196, 213, 214, 229, 250, 287 heliport 132, 133 heliports 86 High-Speed Civil Transport 64, 102, 129, 270, 274, 282 HSCT 6, 10-12, 14, 17, 19, 34, 36, 38, 41, 46, 52, 57, 61-71, 98-101, 112, 123, 124, 126, 128, 130, 143, 144, 147, 149, 150, 158-160, 162 , 163, 169-171, 178, 179, 182, 184, 188, 209-212, 216, 217, 219, 237, 278 High-Speed Research Program 123, 272 hub 12, 76, 79, 85-88, 164, 214 human error 21, 74, 244-246, 249, 254-259, 261, 272, 274, 275

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Aeronautical Technologies for the Twenty-First Century human factors v, 8, 20, 35, 38, 49, 56, 59, 243-246, 248, 249, 254, 256, 265, 272, 275, 281-283 I Inertial Navigation System 15, 57, 59, 104, 105, 107, 221, 228, 263 , 278 INS 250, 251, 278 insurance 44 integrated design 15, 233 intermetallic matrix composites 172, 204 J Japan 42, 83, 137, 138, 140 japanese 1, 56, 57, 64, 82 jet vii, 14, 27, 42, 46, 51, 54, 60, 64, 80, 82, 98, 100, 114, 116, 120, 121, 128, 129, 134, 151, 159-165, 170, 176, 212, 217, 245, 275 jets 73, 79, 80, 82, 120, 135, 165, 213 jobs 26, 28, 31, 32 joining 190, 197, 205, 217, 220 K Korea 42 korean 1 L Laminar flow control 16, 70, 110, 113, 118, 119, 121, 123, 126, 127, 129, 143, 144, 146, 163, 210, 239, 270, 278 LFC 118-120, 122, 124, 125, 274, 278 Langley Research Center iv, v, vi, 142, 264, 278 LaRC 278 Lewis Research Center vi, 17, 142, 150, 152, 278 LeRC 17, 18, 150, 152, 162, 167, 169-171, 180, 181, 183, 184, 278 liability 31, 74, 82, 90, 202 lift xii, 5, 16, 33, 49, 59, 68, 70, 71, 87, 89, 91, 110, 112-116, 120, 123-127, 130, 142, 143, 146, 163, 165, 187, 237, 239, 262, 278 lift-to-drag 49, 59, 70, 89, 91, 110, 112, 113, 123, 126, 278 L/D xvi, 49, 112-114, 124-126, 163, 278 Lockheed iii, iv, v, 2, 48, 60, 138, 142, 272, 285-288 M Mach 16, 49, 62, 63, 65, 67, 70, 71, 99, 110, 116, 120, 123-125, 127 , 128, 135, 138, 140, 143, 144, 146, 147, 163, 179, 180, 209, 270 Mach number 49, 63, 67, 120, 125, 127, 143, 146, 180, 209 maintenance iii, vi, ix, 5, 12, 18, 28, 29, 33, 44, 49, 50, 55, 57, 59, 62, 66, 74, 84, 89, 93, 114, 122, 135, 150, 173, 188, 190, 200 , 202, 208, 214, 218, 227, 234, 235, 238, 245, 265 manufacturing 18, 27, 31, 32, 49, 55, 74, 82, 84, 88, 106, 111, 136 , 156-158, 160, 162, 171-175, 188-190, 194-198, 201, 203, 204, 206 , 208, 211, 214, 216, 217, 219, 220, 234, 277 market share 2, 28, 29, 31, 41, 80, 81, 86 materials v, xii, xiii, xvi, 4, 5, 8, 9, 12, 17-19, 31, 33, 32, 35, 37, 38, 53, 59, 62, 69-71, 91-94, 101, 116, 149-153, 156, 158, 160-162, 166, 168, 171-175, 184, 185, 187-193, 192-195, 198-202, 204-213, 215-220, 272, 274, 275, 278, 281-283 McDonnell Douglas iii, iv, 1, 2, 27, 42, 46, 62, 70, 113, 138, 142, 272 metal matrix composite 278 MMC 192, 205, 217, 278 metallics 191, 216 metals 71, 200, 204, 206, 216, 220, 274, 275 Microwave Landing System 278 MLS 251, 278 N National Aeronautics and Space Administration ii, ix, 1, 25, 41, 60-62, 67, 73, 97, 102, 104, 109, 126, 127, 137, 139, 140, 149, 183, 190, 223, 247, 249, 258, 270, 272, 275, 279 NASA iv, v, vi, xi, xii, xiii, xvi, 1-21, 25, 26, 29, 32, 34-38, 41 , 42, 48, 52-64, 68-71, 73, 74, 84-86, 90-94, 97-102, 104-107, 109-111, 116-124, 126, 127, 129, 130, 133, 135-147, 149, 150, 152, 158-160, 162, 163, 166-171, 174, 178, 181-184, 188, 190, 192, 194, 198-201, 203-205, 209, 211, 215, 218-220, 222-242, 244, 247, 249, 254 , 255, 258, 259, 262-267, 270-273, 275, 279, 281, 283, 284,

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Aeronautical Technologies for the Twenty-First Century 285-288 neural networks 234 nitrogen oxide 4, 30, 58, 67, 99, 160, 182-184, 211, 237, 279 NOx 58, 99, 160, 163, 170, 172, 182-185, 211, 237, 279 noise xii, xv, 3-6, 11, 13, 14, 17, 25, 29, 30, 33, 32, 42, 50, 51, 56, 58, 62, 65-71, 74, 86, 87, 89, 91-93, 97-101, 104, 110, 112-114, 116, 117, 119, 123, 124-129, 131-137, 142, 143, 146, 149, 150, 156-160, 162-166, 168, 170, 172, 175, 178, 203, 208, 212-215, 218, 220 , 235, 237, 239, 240, 278, 279, 282 nondestructive evaluation 19, 91, 188, 190, 198, 201, 219, 279 NDE 190, 194, 199-201, 279 Numerical Aerodynamic Simulator 168 O Office of Aeronautics and Space Technology 1, 7, 8, 9, 11, 25, 35, 37, 52, 53, 69, 91, 279, 284 OAST 7, 279 Office of Science and Technology Policy ix, 41, 61, 62, 271, 279, 287 Aeronautical Policy Review Committee ix, 41, 61, 271 OSTP 279 operations xiii, 7-9, 14, 19-21, 31, 34, 35, 37, 43, 58, 59, 63, 66 , 71, 74, 80, 86-90, 93, 98, 100, 102-105, 110, 116, 117, 128, 132 , 133, 144, 164, 166, 188, 190, 200, 202, 211, 213, 215, 217-219, 221, 222, 232, 239, 243, 244, 246, 247, 249, 251-257, 260-265, 272 , 278, 283, 284 ozone 4, 11, 13, 30, 62, 65, 67, 70, 97-99, 102, 159, 162, 182, 275 P Passenger xv, 2, 13, 27, 42, 46-48, 56, 57, 64-66, 74, 76, 79-81, 83, 85, 86, 88, 89, 91, 92, 105, 160, 164, 165, 202, 213, 218, 246 , 270, 279 passengers 3, 25, 29, 30, 46, 50, 56, 62, 64-66, 74, 76-79, 83, 85, 88, 100, 106, 163-166, 263 performance xii, 2-5, 8-10, 16, 17, 25, 29-37, 43, 49, 50, 52, 53, 56, 58, 59, 60, 62, 63, 69-71, 74, 88, 93, 94, 110-114, 116, 118, 123-128, 131, 132, 145, 146, 149, 150, 152, 158, 160, 161, 164-166, 168, 170-173, 175-178, 181, 182, 187, 189, 199, 203, 204, 206, 209-212, 214, 224, 229, 232, 235-240, 243, 245, 249, 253, 254, 259, 260, 261, 264, 269, 275, 278, 283, 284 photonics 232 polymer matrix composites 172, 192, 202, 208, 210 PMC 202, 209, 210, 279 power xiii, 8, 20, 35, 56, 58, 88, 118, 119, 134, 153, 157, 164-167, 171, 173, 175-177, 194, 213, 222, 224, 229, 232, 233, 235, 239-241, 243, 281-283 Pratt & Whitney iv, vi, vii, 151, 279, 287 P&W 151, 152, 160, 162, 183, 184, 279 prestige 1, 27, 28 propulsion vi, vii, xii, xvi, 4, 5, 8, 9, 11, 12, 15-17, 25, 31, 33 , 35, 37, 38, 49, 53, 56, 59, 62, 68-71, 90, 91, 93, 110-113, 118, 127, 128, 132, 135-140, 142-144, 146, 149-152, 155, 158-160, 162-164, 166-172, 174, 176, 178, 187, 190-192, 204, 208, 211-213, 217, 236, 272, 279, 281-283 propulsion efficiency xvi, 135, 136, 155, 217 R Range xv, 1, 3, 5, 6, 15, 19-21, 28-30, 33, 38, 42, 43, 48-50, 52, 58-62, 66, 67, 70, 74, 81, 82, 85, 87, 89, 91, 93, 94, 100, 101, 103, 114, 116, 120, 123, 128, 130, 132, 135, 137, 138, 140, 141, 143, 146, 147, 149, 151, 156, 157, 159, 160, 162, 163, 166, 168, 170, 174, 181, 184, 187, 188, 191, 192, 209, 211-213, 217, 218, 220 , 244, 247, 254, 260, 270-272, 274, 279, 280 regulation 13, 98, 100, 116, 158, 278 regulations 18, 51, 57, 58, 65, 68, 98, 188, 208, 215, 218, 219 reliability 5, 17, 33, 43, 55, 57, 59, 62, 92, 122, 143, 147, 149-151, 156, 160, 161, 166, 199, 200, 205, 206, 211, 214, 218, 220, 221, 232-236, 241, 255

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Aeronautical Technologies for the Twenty-First Century Revenue Passenger-Miles 76 Reynolds Number xv, 16, 110, 114-117, 122, 123, 127, 137, 138, 142-144, 146, 147, 179 Rolls Royce 151 rotorcraft xii, xv, 4, 10, 12, 13, 16, 30, 38, 73-75, 80-82, 86-94, 105-107, 110, 113, 131-133, 136, 137, 142, 143, 146, 213, 214, 216 , 218, 220, 224, 229, 236, 237, 240, 251, 266, 273, 282 runway 58, 89, 104, 125, 209, 225, 226, 228, 250, 279 Runway Visual Range 58, 279 RVR 58, 279 S Safety v, xiii, 1-6, 12, 19-21, 29-34, 42, 49, 50, 52, 57-59, 69, 71, 74, 82, 86-89, 93, 105, 106, 160, 188, 199, 200, 202, 214, 218 , 219, 222, 229, 232, 236, 243-247, 249, 253, 254, 261, 264, 265, 269, 272, 273, 277, 279 secondary power 56, 240, 241 short-haul xii, xiii, xvi, 4, 6, 10, 12, 17, 25, 27, 34, 36, 38, 52 , 68, 73, 74, 84, 88, 89, 90, 92, 93, 100, 117, 149, 164, 166, 167 , 182, 213, 216, 218, 282 short takeoff and landing 4, 29, 30, 165, 279 STOL 142, 165, 272, 279 situation awareness 228, 248, 258, 262, 263 smart engines xiii, 149, 175, 178 smart structures 19, 188, 194, 199, 204, 218 software iv, 15, 19, 104, 107, 147, 173, 178, 221, 232-235, 252, 253 , 264, 266 sonic boom xii, 6, 11, 12, 14, 25, 36, 57, 62, 65, 66, 68-70, 98, 101, 102, 124, 125, 210, 218, 282 Soviet Union 42, 64 stratosphere 14, 67, 98, 99, 163, 182 stratospheric 13, 67, 98, 102, 159, 162, 163, 270, 271, 275 structure 71, 85, 87, 101, 111, 147, 164, 170, 172, 175, 187, 188, 190, 192, 194-199, 201-203, 208-210, 212, 214, 215, 220, 232, 236, 246, 263, 277 structures v, vi, xiii, 4, 5, 8, 9, 12, 15, 18, 19, 26, 31, 33, 32, 35, 37, 38, 49, 50, 53, 54, 59, 62, 69, 70, 74, 91, 93, 94, 110, 111, 116, 134, 135, 157, 158, 168, 174, 178, 187, 188, 190, 191, 193-204, 206-216, 218, 219, 237, 239, 281-283 subsonic ix, xi, xii, xiii, xv, xvi, 1-4, 6-10, 13, 14, 16, 17, 25, 27, 30, 34-38, 41, 42, 46, 47, 49-54, 57-59, 62-64, 66-70, 90, 92, 98-100, 102, 105, 109, 110, 112-114, 118, 119, 121, 123-125, 128-131, 138, 139, 142, 146, 149, 150, 158-160, 163, 167, 169-171, 178, 179 , 182, 184, 191, 202-204, 208-211, 213, 216, 218, 236, 237, 277, 281 supersonic ix, xii, xiii, xvi, 2-4, 6, 11, 12, 16, 25, 30, 36, 41, 61-64, 66-71, 92, 100-102, 110, 112, 113, 118, 120, 123-131, 137-140, 142, 143, 144, 146, 147, 159, 160, 163, 170, 181, 191, 209, 211, 236, 241, 273, 274, 279 SST 11, 61, 64, 68, 123, 125, 138, 271, 279 Concorde 64, 126, 128, 209, 217 T Taiwan 42 tax 28, 31, 90 tax base 28, 31 taxes 32 testing 7, 18, 19, 36, 93, 101, 110, 115-119, 122, 127, 129, 130, 132, 137, 139-141, 143, 145, 146, 150, 188-190, 199, 209-212, 219, 221, 232, 233, 261, 269, 272 NDE 190, 194, 199-201, 279 nondestructive evaluation 19, 91, 188, 190, 198, 201, 219, 279 test facilities xii, 6, 15, 110, 113, 136, 137, 139-144, 205, 275 testing facilities 110, 150, 188 thermal efficiency xvi, 152, 153, 158, 205 tiltrotor 80, 82, 83, 86, 89, 90, 92, 132, 134-136, 197, 213, 214, 270 titanium 71, 153, 166, 172, 191, 192, 204, 205, 209, 217, 219 training 5, 12, 21, 33, 59, 74, 87, 93, 114, 122, 129, 244, 245, 254 , 256, 260-262

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Aeronautical Technologies for the Twenty-First Century transport ix, xi, xii, xiii, xvi, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8-10, 11, 17, 25, 27, 34-38, 41, 42, 46, 48, 49, 50, 53, 54, 57, 60-64, 66, 68-70, 73, 80, 83-85, 87, 88, 98, 102, 111, 114, 117, 119, 120, 123, 128-130, 149, 150, 158-160, 162, 163, 164-166, 171, 179, 182, 191, 202, 203 , 208-211, 216-218, 237, 241, 245, 262, 266, 269-275, 277-279, 281 , 282 Transportation Research Board 60, 103, 273, 274, 279, 286 transports ix, xi, 1, 2, 4, 10, 11, 42, 46, 47, 49, 51, 52, 59, 61, 63, 64, 67, 69, 70, 85, 92, 105, 109, 114, 117, 118, 120, 121, 126 , 129, 131, 149, 159, 160, 163-166, 171, 182, 188, 216, 218, 236, 270, 275 Tupolev 64, 126 turbine inlet temperature xvi, 149, 153, 152, 166, 167, 184 turbofan 70, 86, 100, 159, 164, 165, 167, 167, 204 turbomachinery xiii, 18, 100, 116, 148, 150, 151, 154, 160, 161, 168 , 169, 178, 179, 181, 182, 271 turboprop 47, 85, 135, 164-166, 281 turbulence 106, 113-115, 119-121, 123, 124, 138, 179, 180, 228, 231 , 237, 250 turbulent drag 119, 124 U United Kingdom 42, 137, 271 V V-22 v, vii, 82, 132, 135, 188, 197, 203 Osprey 197 validation 6, 8, 10-12, 15, 16, 19-21, 34-36, 62, 74, 90, 92, 105, 109, 110, 114, 115, 119, 121-123, 127, 144-147, 150, 161, 162, 170 , 174, 175, 188, 189, 210, 221-223, 227, 229, 232, 234, 235, 244, 245, 253, 259, 262, 281 verification 13, 98, 99, 112, 147, 173, 232, 235 vertical takeoff and landing 17, 29, 80, 87, 132, 150, 165, 166, 187 , 188, 196, 280 VTOL xvi, 80, 83, 85-87, 94, 132, 142, 143, 187, 195, 203, 280 vertiport 89 vibration 56, 87, 89, 91, 92, 100, 116, 131, 133-136, 178, 204, 213 , 214, 220, 240 W Wind tunnel xii, 8, 9, 34, 35, 37, 93, 101, 109, 112, 114, 117, 118 , 129-131, 134, 136, 137, 141, 143, 146, 189, 274, 281 wind tunnels 114, 123, 132, 137-139, 143, 144, 270, 272