Biographical Memoirs

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES



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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 61 Biographical Memoirs NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 61 This page in the original is blank.

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 61 Biographical Memoirs Volume 61 NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS WASHINGTON, D.C. 1992

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 61 Disclaimer: This book contains characters with diacritics. When the characters can be represented using the ISO 8859-1 character set (http://www.w3.org/TR/images/latin1.gif), netLibrary will represent them as they appear in the original text, and most computers will be able to show the full characters correctly. In order to keep the text searchable and readable on most computers, characters with diacritics that are not part of the ISO 8859-1 list will be represented without their diacritical marks. The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by Act of Congress as a private, nonprofit, self-governing membership corporation for the furtherance of science and technology, required to advise the federal government upon request within its fields of competence. Under its corporate charter the Academy established the National Research Council in 1916, the National Academy of Engineering in 1964, and the Institute of Medicine in 1970. INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER 0-309-04746-3  LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOG CARD NUMBER 5-26629  Available from  NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS  2101 CONSTITUTION AVENUE, N.W.  WASHINGTON, D.C. 20418  PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 61 CONTENTS     PREFACE   ix     LLOYD VIEL BERKNER BY ANTON L. HALES   3     ROBERT BIGHAM BRODE BY WILLIAM B. FRETTER ASSISTED BY DAVID L. JUDD   27     KARL TAYLOR COMPTON BY JULIUS A. STRATTON   39     CLYDE HAMILTON COOMBS BY AMOS IVERSKY   59     CARL FERDINAND CORI BY MILDREN COHN   79     GERTY THERESA CORI BY JOSEPH LARNER   111

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 61     JOHN HOLMES DINGLE BY WILLIAM S. JORDAN, JR.   137     HARVEY FLETCHER BY STEPHEN H. FLETCHER   165     ROBERT MINARD GARRELS BY ROBERT A. BERNER   195     HOLLIS DOW HEDBERG BY GEORGES PARDO   215     DWIGHT JOYCE INGLE BY MAURICE B. VISSCHER   247     SOLOMON LEFSCHETZ BY PHILLIP GRIFFITHS, DONALD SPENCER, AND GEORGE WHITEHEAD   271     ARTHUR WEEVER MELTON BY MICHAEL I. POSNER   315     ELVIN CHARLES STAKMAN BY C. M. CHRISTENSEN   331     OTTO STRUVE BY KEVIN KRISCIUNAS   351     NORBERT WIENER BY IRVING EZRA SEGAL   389     PERRY WILLIAM WILSON BY ROBERT H. BURRIS   439

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 61     CLARK WISSLER BY STANLEY A. FREED AND RUTH S. FREED   469     WENDELL PHILLIPS WOODRING BY ELLEN J. MOORE   499     FREDERIK WILLIAM HOLDER ZACHARIASEN BY MARK G. INGHRAM   517     CUMULATIVE INDEX   557

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 61 This page in the original is blank.

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 61 Preface On March 3, 1863, Abraham Lincoln signed the Act of Incorporation that brought the National Academy of Sciences into being. In accordance with that original charter, the Academy is a private, honorary organization of scientists, elected for outstanding contributions to knowledge, who can be called upon to advise the federal government. As an institution the Academy's goal is to work toward increasing scientific knowledge and to further the use of that knowledge for the general good. The Biographical Memoirs, begun in 1877, are a series of volumes containing the life histories and selected bibliographies of deceased members of the Academy. Colleagues familiar with the discipline and the subject's work prepare the essays. These volumes, then, contain a record of the life and work of our most distinguished leaders in the sciences, as witnessed and interpreted by their colleagues and peers. They form a biographical history of science in America—an important part of our nation's contribution to the intellectual heritage of the world. PETER H. RAVEN HOME SECRETARY

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