Appendix

Workshop Participants

WORKSHOP I: COTONOU, BENIN

GRACE D'ALMEIDA ADAMON is an attorney and an advocate of democracy in Benin. She served on the High Council for the Republic, which was the team that directed the transition.

AUGUSTINE AINAMOU is a professor at the Université Nationale de Bénin in Cotonou.

TESSY BAKARY is professor of political science at the University of Laval in Quebec, Canada.

S.B. DARAMY is currently labor adviser in the Ministry of Labor in Sierra Leone. He is a political scientist specializing in African politics.

OLATUNJI DARE is chair of the editorial board of The Guardian newspaper in Nigeria. The Guardian is one of Nigeria's most influential newspapers, with a circulation of 90,000. He is on leave from the University of Lagos, where he is a senior lecturer in journalism. He has written extensively on transition programs in Africa and the democratic process.

JONGWANE DIPOKO is president of the university staff union and a professor of physics at the University of Yaounde in Cameroon.

LEOPOLD DOSSOU is a history professor at the Université Nationale de Bénin in Cotonou and secretary of the country's trade unions.

ROBERT DOSSOU is a professor at the Université Nationale de Bénin in Cotonou. He is the former secretary of the Study and Research Group on Democracy and Economic and Social Development in Africa (GERDDES-



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Democratization in Africa: African Views, African Voices, Summary of Three Workshops Appendix Workshop Participants WORKSHOP I: COTONOU, BENIN GRACE D'ALMEIDA ADAMON is an attorney and an advocate of democracy in Benin. She served on the High Council for the Republic, which was the team that directed the transition. AUGUSTINE AINAMOU is a professor at the Université Nationale de Bénin in Cotonou. TESSY BAKARY is professor of political science at the University of Laval in Quebec, Canada. S.B. DARAMY is currently labor adviser in the Ministry of Labor in Sierra Leone. He is a political scientist specializing in African politics. OLATUNJI DARE is chair of the editorial board of The Guardian newspaper in Nigeria. The Guardian is one of Nigeria's most influential newspapers, with a circulation of 90,000. He is on leave from the University of Lagos, where he is a senior lecturer in journalism. He has written extensively on transition programs in Africa and the democratic process. JONGWANE DIPOKO is president of the university staff union and a professor of physics at the University of Yaounde in Cameroon. LEOPOLD DOSSOU is a history professor at the Université Nationale de Bénin in Cotonou and secretary of the country's trade unions. ROBERT DOSSOU is a professor at the Université Nationale de Bénin in Cotonou. He is the former secretary of the Study and Research Group on Democracy and Economic and Social Development in Africa (GERDDES-

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Democratization in Africa: African Views, African Voices, Summary of Three Workshops Africa), an organization that is playing an active role in promoting and monitoring the progress of democracy, especially within the West African subregion. J. ISAWA ELAIGWU is professor of political science at the University of Jos in Nigeria. His research focuses on civil-military relations in Nigeria. BAGNAN AISSATA FALL is minister for development and women's affairs for the Nigerian government and former head of women's affairs at the USTN (Federation of Nigerian Labor Unions). She was also president of the sociocultural committee of the Nigerian National Conference. FELIX IROKO is assistant dean of the faculty of letters and history professor at the Université Nationale de Bénin in Cotonou. LAMINE KAMARA is an advocate of democracy and civil society in Guinea. JOSEPH KIZERBO is secretary for international relations of the National Convention of Progressive Patriots (CNPP) in Burkina Faso and an internationally renowned historian and scholar. AMBROISE KOM is a civil rights activist and professor of African literature at the University of Yaounde in Cameroon. He heads a private organization of teachers and professionals that concentrates on human rights issues. RENE LEMARCHAND is professor at the University of Florida and first director of the university's African Studies Center. JACQUESSON MAZETTE is secretary general of the teachers union that has been central to the democratization effort in Central African Republic. MARIE GENEVIEVE NDOUTOUME is counselor to the Minister of Territorial Administration in Gabon, which handles the organization of elections, the registration of parties, and related tasks. NZONGOLA NTALAJA is professor of African studies at Howard University in Washington, D.C. HUMPHREY NWOSU is chair of the National Electoral Commission in Nigeria. DELE OLOWU is professor of political science in the Department of Public Administration at Obafemi Awolowo University in Nigeria. ALAO A. SADIKOU is president of the Study and Research Group on Democracy and Economic and Social Development in Africa (GERDDES-Africa), headquartered in Benin. RAYMOND SOCK is the former solicitor general of the Gambia and currently director of the African Center for Democracy and Human Rights Studies (ACDHRS). ELISEE SOUMONNI is chair of the history department at the Université Nationale de Bénin in Cotonou. His work has focused on political pluralism in Africa. STEVE SWARAY is currently acting governor of the Bank of Sierra Leone. He is an economist who formerly worked for the Mano River Union in

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Democratization in Africa: African Views, African Voices, Summary of Three Workshops Sierra Leone. He was a member of the constitutional review committee that recommended reintroduction of a multiparty system in Sierra Leone. ALBERT TEVOEDJRE is a professor at the Université Nationale de Bénin and a former senior official of an international labor organization. NICOLAS VAN DE WALLE is an assistant professor in the Department of Political Science and African Studies at Michigan State University. HERBERT F. WEISS is professor of political science at the City University of New York and coordinator of the Central Africa Project at the Institute of African Studies at Columbia University. PAULETTE YAMBO-DUSSAUD is a journalist and advocate of democracy and political pluralism in the Congo. WORKSHOP II: ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA NETSANET ASFAW is a member of Relief and Rehabilitation Commission (RRC) and the Central Committee of the Ethiopia People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). CHRISTOPHER CLAPHAM is professor and chair of the Department of Politics and International Relations, Lancaster University, England, and vice-president of the African Studies Association of the United Kingdom. AMEDEE DARGA is a member of the Mauritius Legislative Assembly and active in municipal politics, having served recently as mayor of Curepipe, one of the largest cities in Mauritius. TERESA SMITH DE CHERIF is manager and senior editor of the Africa Bureau Information Center of the U.S. Agency for International Development. FATOUMATA SIRE DIAKITE is president and founder of the Association for the Advancement and Protection of Malian Women's Rights. F.K. DRAH is senior lecturer in political theory and African politics in the political science department at the University of Ghana in Legon. FILOMENA DOS SANTOS is adviser to the Secretary of State for Internal Administration in Cape Verde. BECHIR El-HASSAN is chair of the Human Rights Committee of the Union des Forces Démocratiques in Mauritania. J. ISAWA ELAIGWU is professor of political science at the University of Jos in Nigeria. His research focuses on civil-military relations in Nigeria. ALMAZ ESHETE is director of the Center for Research and Training for Women in Development and chair of the Psychology Department at Addis Ababa University. DAVID FASHOLE-LUKE is currently associated with the Economic Commission for Africa in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. He is also a professor of political science at Dalhousie University in Canada. GRACE GITHU is president of the Kenya Branch of the Federation of Women Lawyers (FIDA).

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Democratization in Africa: African Views, African Voices, Summary of Three Workshops MELVENIA GUEYE is a staff member of the Africa Subcommittee, Committee on Foreign Affairs, U.S. House of Representatives, U.S. Congress. F.A. HARRIS is director of the Office of Regional African Affairs of the U.S. Department of State. GITOBU IMANYARA is editor of the Nairobi Law Monthly and a human rights activist. He was the 1991 recipient of the Louis M. Lyon Award for conscience and integrity in journalism, given by the Nieman Foundation at Harvard University. RUTH IYOB is postdoctoral fellow at the Institute of African Studies at Emory University in Atlanta. LENCHO LETA is deputy secretary general of the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) and represents his organization on the council that is in charge of Ethiopia's transitional government. ABDUL MOHAMMED is director of the Inter-Africa Group, a center for dialogue on humanitarian, peace, and development issues in the Horn of Africa, with its headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. NAMULI MUWANGA is deputy executive secretary of the Uganda Human Rights Activists. BEN ODOKI is a member of the Uganda Constitutional Commission. ARTHUR ODER is a member of the Supreme Court in Uganda. KASSIM SAID is a medical doctor who was one of the founding members of Tribune Libre, a club that provided a meeting place throughout the 1980s for democracy-minded intellectuals, and founder of the Movement pour la Renovation et l'Action Democratic Party (MOURAD), which promotes multiparty democracy in Comoros. HAILU SHOWEL is a prominent lawyer in Ethiopia. KAPEPWA ITALIKA TAMBILA is professor of history on the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences at the University of Dar Es Salaam in Tanzania. ERNEST WAMBA-DIA WAMBA is associate professor of history in the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences at the University of Dar Es Salaam in Tanzania. JENNIFER WINDSOR is with the Africa Bureau of the U.S. Agency for International Development. KIFLE WODAJO is a member of Parliament in Ethiopia. TESHOME WOLDE-MARIAM is a prominent human rights lawyer in Ethiopia. TAYE WOLDE-SEMIAT is professor in the Department of Political Science and International Relations at Addis Ababa University. ARISTIDE ZOLBERG is professor at the Graduate Faculty of Social and Political Science of the New School for Social Research in New York City.

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Democratization in Africa: African Views, African Voices, Summary of Three Workshops WORKSHOP III: WINDHOEK, NAMIBIA OTILLIE ABRAHAMS is a member of the Namibian National Front (NNF) and also involved in grass roots issues, particularly human rights, education, and national reconciliation. HUGH AFRICA is an academic who was formerly involved with training programs of the United Nations Institute in Namibia. He is also active in the Namibian Economic Planning Research Unit (NEPRU). JOEL BARKAN is with the Regional Economic Development Services Office for East and Southern Africa (REDSO/ESA) of the U.S. Agency for International Development in Nairobi. ERIC BIWA is one of four parliamentary members of the United Democratic Front of Namibia (UDF). NARISON BODA is a member of Groupement Libérale de Madagascar, a human rights organization in Madagascar. CHAKUFWA CHIHANA is secretary general of the Southern Africa Trade Unions Coordinating Council (SATUCC) and is from Malawi. He is the recipient of the 1992 Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award. CHRISTOPHER CLAPHAM is professor and chair of the Department of Politics and International Relations, Lancaster University, England, and vice-president of the African Studies Association of the United Kingdom. TERESA SMITH DE CHERIF is manager and senior editor of the Africa Bureau Information Center of the U.S. Agency for International Development. DAWOOD DITHATO is a staff member of the Democracy Research Project at the University of Botswana. MARGARET DONGO is a member of Parliament and of the ruling Zimbabwean African National Union—Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) in Zimbabwe. ANDRE DU TOIT is a professor of political studies at the University of Cape Town, South Africa. FRED C. FISCHER is director of the Regional Economic Development Services Office for East and Southern Africa (REDSO/ESA) of the U.S. Agency for International Development in Nairobi. ANNA FRANK is parliamentary member of the official opposition party, the Democratic Turnhalle Alliance of Namibia (DTA) and one of only four women in the National Assembly. BENES GWANAS is Namibia's first female attorney. She is a member of the Public Service Commission and is interested in human rights issues. F.A. HARRIS is director of the Office of Regional African Affairs of the U.S. Department of State. LAURAH HARRISON is chair of the National Women's Lobby Group in Zambia, which participated in monitoring the recent elections. PETER KATJAVIVI is vice-chancellor designate of the University of Namibia. He was involved in the negotiations leading to independence as an

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Democratization in Africa: African Views, African Voices, Summary of Three Workshops activist in South West African People's Organization (SWAPO) and later a delegate to the Constituent Assembly. EDMOND KELLER is professor of political science at the University of California at Los Angeles. IAN LIEBENBERG is senior researcher at the Group Social Dynamics Unit: Constitutional and Political Affairs, of the Human Sciences Research Council in South Africa. DAMBUZA LUKHELE is a Swaziland senator as well as a chief and a businessman. JABULANE MATSEBULA is editor of The Times of Swaziland, the country's sole privately owned daily newspaper. HILARIO MATUSSE is secretary general of the National Organization of Journalists and chief editor of Televisao Experimental (TVE) in Mozambique. MODICAI MSISHA is secretary general of the Malawi Law Society. FESTUS NAHOLO is deputy chief coordinator for the South West African People's Organization (SWAPO) in Namibia. DELE OLOWU is professor of political science in the Department of Public Administration at Obafemi Awolowo University in Nigeria. ELYETT RASENDRATSIROFO is director of international affairs at the Observatoire Nationale de la Démocratie in Madagascar. DONALD ROTHCHILD is professor of political science at the University of California at Davis. FOSTON SAKALA is chair of the Zambian Election Monitoring Coordinating Committee (ZEMCC), which monitored the recent elections. CALEB SELLO heads the Lesotho Council of nongovernmental organizations and is a former Foreign Ministry official. MASIPULA SITHOLE is associate professor and former chair of the Department of Political and Administrative Studies at the University of Zimbabwe. ZOLA SKWEYIYA is director of the Legal and Constitutional Affairs Department of the African National Congress in South Africa. PETER SMITH is associated with the Inkatha Institute in South Africa. FATOU SOW is a sociologist at the Institute Fundamental de l'Afrique Noire (IFAN), a major research center at the Cheikh Anta Diop University in Dakar. G. TOTEMEYER is head of the Department of Public Administration and Political Studies at the University of Namibia. FREIDA WILLIAMS is secretary of the Ministry of Youth and Sports in Namibia. NOEL YAO is chef de service international at Fraternité-Matin, the principal daily newspaper in Côte d'Ivoire.

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Democratization in Africa: African Views, African Voices, Summary of Three Workshops NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL STAFF DIANE GOLDMAN is administrative associate for the Division of Social and Economic Studies. SAHR JOHN KPUNDEH is senior research associate for the Panel on Issues in Democratization. LOIS PETERSON is research assistant for the Panel on Issues in Democratization. SUSANNE STOIBER is director of the Division of Social and Economic Studies. MARY E. THOMAS is senior program assistant for the Panel on Issues in Democratization. (The staff attended all three workshops.)