INDEX



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 237
Headline News Science Views II INDEX

OCR for page 237
Headline News Science Views II A Ability grouping, 23 Adolescent mental health, 72-74 Advanced placement tests, 25-26 Aesthetics bridges, 122-124 consumer products, 139 Agriculture bioengineering, 98-100, 154-155 water transfers, 61-62 AIDS, 82 and pregnancy, 87-89 Aldicarb, 56 Amazon rain forests, 156-158 Amphoteric, 115 Anaphylaxis, 69-70 Ancient astronauts, 4 Anderson, Renee Wilkerson, 23 Animal research, 211-213 Apple Computer, 33 Apprenticeship of teachers, 23 Aquaculture, 198-200 Aquatic ecosystems, 48-50 Archaeology, and pseudo-science, 4 Army, weight standards, 103-105 Asphalt, 114-116 Astronomy, 193-195 and radio interference, 221-223 Authorship of research, 215 B Barbie doll, 30 Bendectin, 209 Biodiversity, 153-158 Biology education, 20 Birth defects, 209 Body measurements, standards, 103-105 Bomber aircraft, 196 Brain research, 179-183 Brazil, rain forests, 156-158 Bridges, 122-124 Bush, George, and Graves' disease, 211 C Calculators in classrooms, 17-19 Cancer, and radon, 58-59 Carbon dioxide (CO2), 46, 47 Children AIDS screening, 87-89 health care programs, 67-69 mental health, 72-74 vaccination, 68, 69-71 Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), 44, 46, 171-173 Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), 184

OCR for page 237
Headline News Science Views II Ciguatera, 102 Climate change, 43-47, 166 College entrance exams, 25-26 Columbus Quincentennial, 10-13 Complexity of technology, 5-7 Computers and computer systems and brain research, 179-181, 182 as education reform models, 32-34 security, 109-111 transit applications, 117-119 Confidentiality orders, 203-205 Consumer products engineering design, 139-141 radio frequencies, 221-223 Cooperation in science aquatic restoration, 48-50 civilian R&D, 48, 132-133, 135 global climate, 44-45, 171-174 Middle East, 166-168 space programs, 196 Corporate R&D budgets, 142-144 D Darsee, John, 214 Deforestation, 153, 156, 157 Deming, W. Edwards, 33 Depression, 72 Developing countries and food engineering, 100 and ozone-depleting chemicals, 171-174 U.S. firms relocation to, 136-138 Diet, 93-98 Disability, 80-82 Disasters, 174-176 DNA forensic evidence, 206-208 DPT vaccine, 69-70 Drugs abuse of, 182-183 diseases resistant to, 83, 169 liability laws, 208-210 E Earthquakes, 174-175 Eating disorders, 72 Economic development and environmental protection, 50 role of universities, 37-39 Ecosystems aquatic, 48-50 and biodiversity, 153-155 rain forests, 156-158 Ectopic pregnancy, 85 Education, see Education reform; Engineering, education; Mathematics education; Medical education; Mentoring programs; Science education; Standardized testing; Teachers and teaching Education reform, 19-21, 32-34 Emerging infectious diseases, 82-84 Employee benefits family leave, 147-149 health care, 77, 78, 79, 148 Energy use, and greenhouse effect, 44, 46 Engineering bridges, 122-124 education in, 141 food products, 98-100 production design, 139-141 Environmental protection, 50, 55 aquatic ecosystems, 48-50 biodiversity, 153-155 national parks, 51-53 rain forests, 156-158 and seafood safety, 101-103 and water rights, 61-62 Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), 54, 57, 59-60 Epidemiology infectious diseases, 83 neurotoxins, 57 and toxic waste sites, 54, 55

OCR for page 237
Headline News Science Views II Escalante, Jaime, 22 Ethical issues, 9, 215-216 and gene therapy, 186 Executive compensation, 142-143 Exercise, 94 Extraterrestrial intelligence, 4 Exxon Valdez oil spill, 51, 112, 203 F Family leave benefits, 31, 147-149 Federal government and education reform, 33-34 public health policy, 76 R&D investment, 132-133, 135, 144-146 recruitment of scientists, 216-218 technology policies, 131-133, 135-136 see also specific agencies and research programs Fermentation, 100 Fibroid uterine tumors, 86 Fish and shellfish, 198-200 safety, 101-103 Food, see Agriculture; Diet; Fish and shellfish Foreign competition and engineering design, 140-141 space programs, 125 technology development, 131-136 and U.S. firms relocation, 137-138 Forests, tropical, 153, 156-158 Fraud in research, 214-216 G Gender differences and adolescent mental health, 72-73 body measurements, 104 Gene therapy, 184-187 Geoengineering, 45-46 Geometry education, 18 Global climate change, 43-47, 166 Graves' disease, 211 Greenhouse effect, 43-47, 166 Guatemala, murder of researchers, 161-163 Gynecology, 85-87 H Harvard Medical School, 214 Hawaii, health care policies, 77, 79 Head injuries, 81 Head Start programs, 68 Health care access children's programs, 67-69 insurance coverage, 68, 81, 148 State programs, 77-79 High-speed trains, 119-121 High-tech products, 131 Highways asphalt paving, 114-116 ''intelligent'', 117-119 safety, 189-190 HIV, see AIDS Hospitals, 78, 83 Human Genome Project, 186 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), see AIDS Hurricanes, 174-175 I Imaging technology, 182, 194 Immunization, see Vaccination and vaccines Infant mortality, 67-68 Infectious diseases, 82-84 "Intelligent" vehicle and highway systems, 117-119, 189-190

OCR for page 237
Headline News Science Views II International competition, see Foreign competition Israel, 166-168 J Job training, 36 universities' role, 37-39 Johntz, Bill, 23 K Kepone, 56 L Lead poisoning, 56, 57 Lean body mass, 104-105 Learning methods, self-improvement, 35-37 Legal issues DNA evidence, 206-208 medical liability, 208-210 research confidentiality, 203-205 Liability laws and drug research, 208-210 Lung cancer, and radon, 58-59 Lyme disease, 82 M Mack Chang, Myrna Elizabeth, 161-163 Maglev trains, 119, 121 Malaria, 168-170 Massachusetts, health care policy, 77 Mathematics education Barbie controversy, 30 and calculators, 17-19 and minority students, 22-24 standardized testing, 25 Measles, 70 Medicaid, 78 Medical education infectious diseases, 84 public health, 76 Medical research, 224-226 animal use in, 211-213 Medicare, 76, 81 Medicine, see Drugs; Health care access; Medical education; Medical research; Public health; Vaccination and vaccines Meditation, 35 Mental health adolescents, 72-74 brain research, 181-182, 183 refugees, 164 Mentoring programs, 215-216 for women, 31, 86 Mercury poisoning, 56 Middle East, scientific cooperation, 166-168 Military weight standards, 103-105 Minamata disease, 56 Minority groups DNA profiles, 207 math education, 22-24 Misconduct of research, 214-216 Mobility limitations, 80-81 Morning sickness drugs, 208-209 Motor vehicles industry relocation, 137 "intelligent", 117-119 safety, 187-190 Museums, natural history, 219-221 Myers-Briggs Type Indicator test, 35-36 N National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 126, 191-192 National Institutes of Health (NIH), 224-225 National Launch System, 126 National parks, 51-53

OCR for page 237
Headline News Science Views II National Priorities List, 54 National Science Foundation, 33-34 National Science Resources Center, 28-29 Natural disasters, 174-176 Natural history museums, 219-221 Neurological disorders, 181-183 toxicology, 56-58 Newborn HIV screening, 87-89 New Jersey, hospital reimbursement, 78 Nuclear power, 44 Nuclear weapons, 158-160, 195-197 Nutrition education and promotion, 95-98 and food engineering, 99 O Obstetrics and gynecology, 85-87 Oil spills, 111-114 Older drivers, 189 Overweight control, 93-95 military personnel, 103-105 Ozone depletion, 171-174 P Pain, 183 Parks, national, 51-53 Peña, Manuel, 161-162 Performance improvement, 35-37 Pertussis, 70 Pesticides, 56, 84, 169, 170 "Play or pay" health insurance, 77 Pollution, see Environmental protection; Greenhouse effect; Oil spills; Radon; Toxic substances Pre-eclampsia, 85-86 Pregnancy and AIDS screening, 87-89 complications, 85-86 morning sickness drugs, 208-209 prenatal care, 67-68 Pseudo-science, 3-5 Public health, 75-77 R Radio interference with astronomy, 221-223 Radon, 58-60 Rain forests, 156-158 R&D corporate investment, 142-144 drugs and liability, 208-210 foreign competition, 132-133 government investment, 132-133, 135, 144-146 university programs, 37-39 Refugees, 163-165 Religion, 9 Relocation of industry overseas, 137-138 Reproductive health, see Pregnancy Research needs adolescent mental health, 73-74 auto safety, 187-190 biodiversity, 154-155 climate change, 44-45 hazardous waste siting, 53-55 malaria, 169-170 national park management, 51-53 neurology, 182-183 neurotoxins, 57 women's health, 85-87 Residential areas near toxic waste sites, 53-55 and radon, 59-60 Rubella, 70-71

OCR for page 237
Headline News Science Views II S Schizophrenia, 183 Science anxiety, 3, 5-6 Science education, 27-29, 38-39 museums' role, 219-221 and women, 30-32 see also Mathematics education Seafood, see Fish and shellfish Security of computers, 109-111 Self-assessment tests, 35-36 Semiconductors, 137-138 Ships, tanker design, 112-114 Sick leave, 147-149 Slavin, Robert, 33 Smoking, 75 Solar energy, 167 Soviet Union (former) nuclear weapons, 159-160, 197 scientists, 158-160 Space programs, 11-13, 190-192 astronomy, 194 launch craft, 125-127 Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), 68 Standardized testing, 24-26 State governments health care reform, 77-79 R&D investment, 144-146 Statistics, 18 Stress reduction, 35, 36 Stroke, 81 Subliminal learning, 35 Substance abuse, 182-183 "Success for All" education program, 33 Suicide, 72 Superfund program, 53-55 Supermarkets, and nutrition, 97 Surveillance, see Epidemiology T Tanker ship design, 112-114 Teachers and teaching and minority students, 22-24 and nutrition, 97 role of scientists, 27-29, 38-39 and testing, 26 training, 21 Technology transfer, 134-136 Telescopes, 194 Television, and nutrition promotion, 97 Tests for AIDS, 87-89 self-assessment, 35-36 standardized, 24-26 Thalidomide, 209 Toxic substances neurological hazards, 56-58 in seafood, 101-102 waste sites, 53-55 Traffic management, 189-190 "intelligent" systems, 117-119 Training techniques, 36 Trains, high-speed, 119-121 Treisman, Uri, 23 Tropical forests, 153, 156-158 Tuberculosis, 84 U UFOs, 4 Uninsured population, 78-79 Universal health care, 77 University programs career development, 37-39 engineering, 141 medical research, 224-226 for women, 31 Uterine fibroids, 86 V Vaccination and vaccines, 68, 83-84, 208-210 adverse reactions, 69-71 malaria, 169

OCR for page 237
Headline News Science Views II W Washington State, health programs, 77-78 Waste, toxic, 53-55 Water resources Middle East, 166 rights and transfers, 61-63 Weapons systems nuclear, 195-197 Soviet, 158-160 Weight control, 93-95 Western States, water rights, 61-63 Wetlands, 48, 50 WIC, 68 Women AIDS and Pregnancy, 87-89 Army weight standards, 104 health issues, 85-87 and science education, 30-32 see also Pregnancy Work schedules, 147-149