• Changes in skill requirements will be a way of life for computing professionals. This conclusion arose from discussions of education and training as well as supply and demand.

  • Frequent retraining may be necessary to meet shifting needs for skills. The educational system can support this requirement both by producing graduates with broad and flexible skills and by contributing to more effective and more available retraining through interactions with industry.

  • Corporations must reconcile themselves to the financial and organizational commitments implied by continuous shifts in skill requirements. Changes in skill requirements may result in some dislocation for individual employees. But rather than simply replacing employees, in the long run it may be more effective to update their technical skills while leveraging all of the other skills and capabilities required of employees to make organizations effective.



As discussed in Chapter 4, some entry-level training is also provided in 2-year and other short-term educational institutions, but those programs generally are oriented toward computer users or associated production and clerical personnel rather than computing professionals.

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