Time scale studies, 54, 65-67, 73, 77, 79, 84, 89-92

Time-series measurements, 62, 63, 93, 106

Tomography, 78, 93

Trace elements, 64, 66, 71-72, 74, 75-76

Tracer studies, 57, 58, 63, 66, 67, 76-77

Transoceanic hydrographic sections, 60

Transport processes, 43, 45, 48, 53, 58, 60, 66

see also Fluxes;

Particle dynamics and transport

U

University-National Oceanographic Laboratory System (UNOLS), 26, 39, 45, 141, 143-146, 149

University research, see Academic research

Upwelling, 15, 59, 110

mantle processes, 82-83

U.S Geological Survey (USGS), 44-46, 146

V

Ventilation, 60

Volcanoes, 67, 72, 79, 81

see also Hydrothermal processes and vents

Volunteer observing ships (VOS), 61-62

W

Waste disposal, 15, 17, 37, 96-97

Water mass formation, 53, 58-59, 63

Wetlands, 45

Winds, 42, 54, 62, 66, 68, 101, 110, 116-117

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), 34, 134, 140, 149

World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE), 60-61, 136-137, 154

World War II, 18-19, 140

Z

Zooplankton, 98



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