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APPENDIX B Acknowledgments The Committee on Advances in Navigation and Piloting owes a debt of gratitude to the many individuals and organizations that contributed to this as- sessment. It was an undertaking that far exceeded the committee's expectations in terms of its complexity. The committee acknowledges and expresses its gratitude for the special technical support provided by many members of the marine community. In par- ticular: Thomas Allegretti, The American Waterways Operators, coordinated and moderated towing industry presentations to the committee at its Houston meet- ing, and he coordinated preparation of a technical paper for the committee on pilotage in the towing industry; Scott Bartlett and Richard Kenney, Sperry Ma- rine, hosted a demonstration and provided technical information on integrated bridge systems (IBS) and vessel traffic services (VTS) technology; Joseph Cox, American Institute of Merchant Shipping, coordinated and moderated shipping- industry presentations to the committee at its Houston meeting; Edward T. Gates, Arceneaux and Gates, provided insight on hydrodynamic forces acting on ships; John Hartke, U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters, provided technical advice on fed- eral pilotage; Paul Kirschner, American Pilots' Association, provided technical support concerning state pilotage laws and regulations; John MacLeod, Canadi- an Coast Guard Traffic Centre Vancouver, provided background support for the VTS assessment and hosted a visit to his facility; Donald Jarrell, Canadian Coast Guard Traffic Centre Vancouver, provided technical insight on the similarities and differences between air traffic control and marine traffic regulation in the Port of Vancouver, British Columbia; and Warren Schneeweis, U.S. Coast Guard Vessel Traffic Service New York, and Spencer Martin, Canadian Coast Guard, 354

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A CKNO WLEDGMENTS 355 Ottawa, provided technical support for the committee's background assessment of VTS. Essential encouragement and technical support was also provided by Pat J. Neely, American Pilots' Association; George Quick, International Organi- zation of Masters, Mates, and Pilots; and William A. Arata, Biscayne Bay Pilots. The assistance that was provided in arranging meetings, testimony, site vis- its, and observation trips, and in preparing descriptions of pilotage routes, prac- tices, administration, and professional development programs, was invaluable to the completion of the committee's work. The committee wishes to especially acknowledge those who, in addition to corresponding with the committee, met with members and staff during meetings and site visits to provide the range of perspectives and technical detail that was necessary to the preparation of a com- prehensive report. During the course of the study, a delegation of committee members visited selected locations in Europe. The committee is especially indebted to W. Ph. van Maanen, formerly with the Rotterdam Port Authority, who assisted in organizing and moderating substantial presentations and discussions of marine navigation and piloting issues in the Netherlands, and who provided reference materials on the use of marine simulation for waterways design and professional develop- ment. Marianne Roelofs, Rotterdam Port Authority, assisted with arrangements for the delegation's meetings in Rotterdam. Special thanks are also extended to the many participants who made the Rotterdam meetings a success, including S. N. Zuurbier, Bernt R. Koning, and Jan Kloos, Reg. Loodsencorporatie Rotterdam-Rijnmond, who provided detailed insight on pilotage in the Netherlands and arranged and coordinated a visit to the Rotterdam Pilot's North Sea station boats; Robert Hofstee, Rotterdam Pilots, who provided advice and arranged for a committee member to observe the pilot- ing of a very large crude carrier into the Maas River; J. Hussem, who hosted the delegation's visit to the Flushing VTS, Scheldt Coordination Centre, and ar- ranged and moderated presentations on marine traffic regulation and crisis man- agement involving both Belgian and Dutch authorities; James Lindahl, SILJA Line Ferries, who graciously arranged for members of the delegation to observe the operation of IBS on the Stockholm-Turku and Stockholm-Helsinki routes; Olle Noord, master, Motor Ship Silja Symphony, who provided detailed advice on the use of IBS; I. M. H. Slater, Thames Navigation Service, who briefed members of the delegation on VTS operations, hosted a visit to the London VTS, and provided technical advice; James Whitton, Thames Navigation Service, who briefed the committee on changes in pilotage in the United Kingdom and hosted a visit to the Port of London Authority pilot station; Benny Pettersson, who provided insight on constant radius turns and use of IBS in piloting; Bo Lill- jegren, Sven G. Gylden, and Hans O. G. Hederstrom, who provided insight on pilotage in Sweden and hosted a visit to the Gothenburg pilot station and VTS; Captain Beitikainen, Finnish Pilots Association, Martti Heikkila, Technical Re- search Center of Finland, and Dieter Muntzel, Helsinki Port Authority, who

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356 APPENDIX B provided insight on pilotage and marine traffic regulation in Finland; and the staff of the SOGREAH Port Revel Marine Research and Shiphandling Training Centre, which provided expert insight on the combined use of lectures, manned ship models, and debriefs. Expert testimony was provided by many members of the marine community and other interested individuals and organizations during meetings, field trips, and site visits. The special contributions of the following individuals and organi- zations are acknowledged: Anthony C. Alejandro, U.S. Coast Guard Captain of the Port, Houston; Richard Beadon, formerly with the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy and now with Seamen's Church Institute, New York; Richard Beard, State of Washington; Lou Bettinelli, Interport Pilots Agency; Gary Bird, U.S. Coast Guard, Eighth District: Leo Black, U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters; Vin- cent Black, Sandy Hook Pilots; William Bock, Puget Sound Pilots, Robert Bohl- man, Norton Lilly International; Fred Boyd, Associated Federal Coast Pilots of Louisiana; Leo Brien, Pacific Merchant Shipping Association; Dave Buchanan, Maritrans; Dominic Casano, Hudson River Pilots; C. E. Clayton, New Orleans- Baton Rouge Steamship Pilots Association; Scott Cooper, USCG MSO New Orleans; Harry Crooks, Maritime Training Research Center; Kevin Q. Davis, Stoel, Rives, Boly, Jones & Grey; Mickey D. DeHart, Gulf Coast Transit Com- pany; Mark Delesdernier, Jr., Crescent River Port Pilots Association; Michael R. Delesdernier, Attorney at Law; Michael Dillon, Columbia River Bar Pilots; George Duffy, Navios Ships Agencies; William G. Duncan, Exxon Shipping Company; Gerrard Dundan, McCormick Pilots; Miklos Endrody, Puget Sound Pilots; Charles H. Erikson, Unical Corporation; Timothy Ferrie, Sandy Hook Pilots; John Fidaleo, U.S. Coast Guard, Eighth District; M. Flavel, Grays Harbor Pilots; Allen A. Flotre, British Columbia Coast Pilots; Victor Fry, Pacific Pilot- age Authority; Richard Goodin, Staten Island Ferries; Earl Goodwin, Houston Pilots Association; Martin W. Gould, New Orleans-Baton Rouge Steamship lRi- lot Examiners; Thomas C. Greene, U.S. Coast Guard Captain of the Port, Galveston; F. Eugene Guest, Marine Safety International; Denny Haise, U.S. Coast Guard Marine Safety Office Mobile; Albert Hartberger, U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters; Channing F. Hayden, Jr., New Orleans Steamship Association; Jay Hess, U.S. Coast Guard Marine Inspection Office New York; John Hoopaugh, Hollywood Marine; Michael Hunt, U.S. Coast Guard, VTS Houston- Galveston; Glen Hurn, Columbia River Pilots; Frank Johannessen, New Jersey Board of Commissioners of Pilotage; Russ Johnson, Crowley Maritime; W. R. Kern, Galveston-Texas City Pilots Association; Duane Lange, Maritime Heri- tage Cruise Lines; Richard Larrabee, U.S. Coast Guard Captain of the Port, New York; Eric Larrsen, Seamen's Church Institute; Edward Larson, Houston Pilots Association; W. Bruce Law, Allied Towing; Jack Levine, Associated Branch Pilots; Darlene Maddenwald, Washington Environmental Council; Gary Mad- dox, Tampa Bay Pilots; Richard E. Manchester, Lykes Brothers Steamship Com- pany; Edmond Mandin, American President Lines (retired); William Marshall,

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A CKNOWLEDGMENTS 357 Puget Sound Steamship Association; Thomas McKey, Bogle & Gates; Jacques Michell, marine pilot/consultant; Floyd Miller, New York Maritime Academy; Robert Moore, New York/New Jersey Docking Masters; Henry W. Motekaitis, Puget Sound Vessel Traffic Service; Roger Mowery, U.S. Coast Guard Marine Safety Office, Seattle; Mark Nichols, Lewis and Clark Pilots; Robert Nichols, Office of the Governor, state of Washington; Glenn Paine, Maritime Institute of Technology; William Peterson, Sandy Hook Pilots; Rex Pollitt, Oregon Board of Marine Pilots; Robert Pouch, Board of Commissioners of Pilots of the State of New York; James Radice, U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters; Terry Rice, Thir- teenth Coast Guard District; Arthur Roche, Sandy Hook Pilots; James H. San- born, Maritrans; George Sandberg, U.S. Merchant Marine Academy; Steve Scal- zo, Foss Maritime; Fred Schilling, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, New Orleans District; William Schubert, U.S. Maritime Administration, Houston; K. I. Selin- dis, Sabine Pilots Association; Chip Sharp, Puget Sound Vessel Traffic Service; Burt Shearer, Washington State Board of Pilot Commissioners; Jack Smith, Galveston Pilots Association; J. Michael Solossi, U.S. Coast Guard Headquar- ters; Richard Stewart, U.S. Merchant Marine Academy; Christopher Stone, U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters; Larry Strain, American Commercial Barge Line; John Strong, Jacobsens Pilot Service; Jim Sweet, Puget Sound Pilots; Ted Thor- jussen, West Gulf Maritime Association; William Tuttle, Metropolitan Pilots; Jack NTonfeld, Columbia River Pilots; Thomas Walsh, Sandy Hook Pilots; David Wells, Island Tug & Barge Company; Wayne Whyte, British Columbia Coast Pilots; Fred Wilkerson, Texas State Pilot Association; and John Williams, Aran- sas-Corpus Christi Pilots Association. The committee also expresses its gratitude to the many other individuals who supported this assessment.