TABLE 2-3 Partial Listing of Published Prevalence Data on Sensitization (per 100 population) to Some of the Common Aeroallergens

Source

Population

House Dust Mite

Grasses and/or Weed Pollen

Animal Danders

Molds

Notes

Barbee et al., 1976

Community (N = 3,101; United States)

ND

17–24

NDa

8

Crude house dust: 9b

Peat et al., 1987

Schoolchildren (N = 2,363; Australia)

19–31

18–29

20–25

10–20

 

Sears et al., 1989

Birth cohort to age 13 (N = 714; New Zealand)

30.1

32.5

13.3

 

 

D. Charpin et al., 1988a

Adults (France)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marseille (N = 4,008; low altitude)

44.5

 

 

 

 

 

Briançon (N = 1,055; high altitude)

10

 

 

 

 

D. Charpin et al., 1991

Schoolchildren (France)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Martigues (N = 693; low altitude)

16.7

8.5

5.6

 

 

 

Briançon (N = 240; high altitude)

4.1

21.7

3.3

 

 

Henderson, 1992 (personal communication)

Schoolchildren (North Carolina)

27

Pending

Pending

 

 

Godfrey and Griffiths, 1976

Schoolchildren (N = 303; Southampton, England)

26

24

 

 

 

a ND, no data.

b Crude house dust is a skin test reagent that contains unpredictable amounts of antigens such as dust mite, animal dander, and molds. Its use has been largely replaced by purified allergen extracts.



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