Occupation or Occupational Field

Agent

Organic chemicals

Plastics industry

Toluene diisocyanate, hexamethyl diisocyanate, diphenylmethyl isocyanate, phthalic anhydride, triethylene tetraamines, trimellitic anhydride, hexamethyl tetramine

Automobile painting

Dimethyl ethanolamine toluene diisocyanate

Foundry workers

Furfuryl alcohol resin

 

SOURCE: NHLBI, 1991

rhinitis, eczema, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, and allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis. Figure 2-4 shows the generally accepted range of prevalence for these diseases in the population. Estimates of the magnitude of these diseases are affected by the diagnostic criteria used, as well as different study and data collection methods. Individual diseases are discussed in further detail below and are grouped as follows: first, common diseases clearly related to allergy, then less common diseases clearly related to allergy, and finally, common diseases possibly related to allergy.

FIGURE 2-4 Estimated range of prevalence of diseases in total U.S. population that are commonly, although not invariably, related to allergy. Darker screen indicates the range in published data.

Source: NHLBI, 1991.



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