JAMES F. CHILDRESS is the Edwin B. Kyle Professor of Religious Studies and professor of medical education at the University of Virginia, where he is also chairman of the Department of Religious Studies and principal of the Monroe Hill Residential College. He is the author of numerous articles and several books on biomedical ethics, including Principles of Biomedical Ethics (with Tom L. Beauchamp), Priorities in Biomedical Ethics, and Who Should Decide? Paternalism in Health Care. Formerly vice chairman of the National Task Force on Organ Transplantation, he serves on the Board of Directors of the United Network for Organ Sharing and is a member of the Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee, the Human Gene Therapy Subcommittee, and the Biomedical Ethics Advisory Committee. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and of the Hastings Center, and he has been the Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr., Professor of Christian Ethics at Georgetown University and a visiting professor at the University of Chicago Divinity School and Princeton University. He received his B.A. from Guilford College, his B.D. from Yale Divinity School, and his M.A. and Ph.D. from Yale University.

BARTON CHILDS is Emeritus Professor of Pediatrics at The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He obtained his M.D. degree at Johns Hopkins and trained there in pediatrics. His education in genetics was obtained at University College, London. Dr. Childs was chairman of the National Research Council committee on Genetic Screening in 1972-1975.

FRANCIS S. COLLINS is Director of the National Center for Human Genome Research at the National Institutes of Health. He was formerly a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator and professor in the Departments of Internal Medicine and Human Genetics at the University of Michigan School of Medicine in Ann Arbor. Dr. Collins pioneered the development of positional cloning, which utilizes the inheritance pattern of a disease within families to pinpoint the location of a gene. He and his colleagues have used the technique to isolate the genes for cystic fibrosis, neurofibromatosis type 1, and Huntington disease. Dr. Collins received a Ph.D. degree in physical chemistry from Yale University and an M.D. degree from the University of North Carolina School of Medicine. Dr. Collins is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Medicine. He is also a member of the Board of Directors of the American Society of Human Genetics, the American Federation for Clinical Research, the American Society for Clinical Investigation, the Association of American Physicians, and sits on the executive council of the International Human Genome Organization. He serves as an associate editor for several publications.

P. MICHAEL CONNEALLY is Distinguished Professor of Medical and Molecular Genetics and of Neurology at Indiana University Medical Center, Indianapolis, Indiana. He obtained his Ph.D. degree at the University of Wisconsin in 1962.

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