be made for the specific exposure circumstances of veterans exposed during World War II or otherwise. Human epidemiological studies of workers employed in the production of sulfur mustard demonstrate a significant excess of cancers of the lung and larynx.
Lung cancer has been found to be doubled among British veterans exposed to mustard agents (Case and Lea, 1955) and increased by up to 50 percent in United States veterans (Beebe, 1960). It is suggested in Chapter 3 of this report that the cumulative exposures for some of the subjects in the WWII testing programs may have been similar to battlefield exposures. To the extent that they were comparable, a similar increased risk of lung cancer would be expected. It is not known how many individuals this finding describes.
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