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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration
CHINESE ACADEMY OF METEOROLOGICAL SCIENCES
The Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences (CAMS), the research arm of the State Meteorological Administration (SMA), currently has about 500 employees. In addition, CAMS has two graduate schools, one in Beijing and the other in Nanjing. Zhou Xiuji is director of CAMS and Ding Yihui is the deputy director.
According to Ding Yihui, scientists at CAMS working in areas relevant to global change can be found at the Climate Research Center, the Atmospheric Chemistry Center, the Institute of Arid Regions Research, the Tibetan Plateau Institute, and the Beijing Data Center. Currently, about 60 scientists (approximately 20 of which have Ph.Ds) and staff members participate in research subjects related to global change. Annual program funding is about $300,000, excluding salaries.
The following are major global change research projects that will be carried out over the coming decade:
Establish observation networks for detecting global change. CAMS will upgrade existing monitoring networks to monitor changes in climate and large-scale air quality at (a) about 200 standard climate monitoring stations, (b) about 500 agricultural meteorology stations, (c) about 100 acid rain stations, (d) seven standard radiation stations, (e) six total ozone (O3) stations and three O3 sonde stations, (f) six regional air quality stations, and (g) one atmospheric baseline station. Some of these activities are supported by the World Meteorological Organization and they include extensive collaborations with other domestic and international scientists.
Study the past climate recorded in historical literature. CAMS researchers have studied more than 7,800 pieces of historical Chinese literature dating back to about 1,000 years, and they have established a data set of major droughts and cold and warm periods. In addition, a study of these climate changes and their impact on China's development has been carried out.
Participate in tropical ocean expeditions and monitoring. CAMS has been active in the Tropical Ocean and Global Atmosphere (TOGA) program since 1984. Major foci are the energy budget of the tropical ocean and atmosphere and the genesis of El Niño.
Model ocean-atmosphere interactions. For ocean-atmosphere coupling dynamic climate models, a three-dimensional global atmosphere model and a six-level oceanic circulation model