the station research group, and, consequently, it is not a well-developed area of strength.

Personnel seemed enthusiastic and knowledgeable about their region. The training of the more senior scientists is fairly conventional (disciplinary) but these individuals seemed open-minded and broad in their interests. Younger scientists included a sprinkling of scientists with strong interests in plant physiology and biogeochemistry.

This institute could be a good partner in potentially excellent research documenting the interaction of climate variability (clearly documented changes in regional hydrology have occurred over the past decade in the Tianshan Mountains and their watersheds) and human land use. Collaboration with the U.S. Long-Term Ecological Research program could be particularly fruitful, given the existence of several CERN activities in the region. The documented reductions in rain and snowfall over the 1980s in this region permit use of (possibly) natural climate variability to probe the response of arid mountain-desert landscapes to climate change.

ZHONGSHAN UNIVERSITY

Although panel members were not able to visit Zhongshan University, research from that university was described during a panel member's visit to the CAS South China Sea Institute of Oceanology.

Chen Shixun, a circulation modeler from the Department of Atmospheric Sciences, has worked with someone at Colorado State University and his work is rather limited due to insufficient computing power. He does not interact with the researchers at the CAS Institute of Atmospheric Physics. Nevertheless, he presented some interesting modeling work that linked climate features with winds and shoreline geomorphology, which would be pertinent to LOICZ.

NOTES

1.  

AVHRR data are received by the State Meteorological Administration Satellite Center from stations in Beijing and Guangzhou. A third station in Urumqi in western China has not been operating for some time. Peking University's Institute for Remote Sensing Technology and Application has a ground station that also receives AVHRR data.

2.  

The project is based on the long-term impact of climate and air pollution on the forest in Mantounguog Forest Observation Station.

3.  

The objective is to provide specific data on China's forest ecology for input to global change studies. The methodology includes soils and plant classification and their mapping, experimental studies of material and energy flows, measurements of atmospheric gas concentrations (CO2, nitrogen oxides, SO2, and O3), and the comparison of differences between atmosphere in urban Beijing and nearby mountain atmo-



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