D Ecological Stations of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

CAS' long-term plan is to include all of its stations in CERN. However, initial implementation in the next 5 years will be limited to 29 stations which are identified below by highlighted text. ''Leading'' stations are further identified by an asterisk. The establishment of CERN has prompted a comprehensive reassessment of its stations and, consequently, this listing is subject to revision as CERN plans progress.

STATIONS

Ailaoshan Forest Ecosystem Experiment Station, Kunming Institute of Ecology

*Ansai Comprehensive Soil and Water Conservation Experiment Station (temperate semimoist, semiarid; Loess Plateau), Northwest Institute of Soil and Water Conservation

Bayanbulak Grassland Experiment Station, Xinjiang Institute of Biology, Pedology, and Desert Research

Beijing Agroecology Experiment Station, Institute of Geography

Beijing Forest Ecosystem Experiment Station (warm temperate deciduous broadleaved forest; (Mentougou District, Beijing), Institute of Botany

Cele Comprehensive Desert Management Experiment Station, Xinjiang Institute of Biology, Pedology, and Desert Research



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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration D Ecological Stations of the Chinese Academy of Sciences CAS' long-term plan is to include all of its stations in CERN. However, initial implementation in the next 5 years will be limited to 29 stations which are identified below by highlighted text. ''Leading'' stations are further identified by an asterisk. The establishment of CERN has prompted a comprehensive reassessment of its stations and, consequently, this listing is subject to revision as CERN plans progress. STATIONS Ailaoshan Forest Ecosystem Experiment Station, Kunming Institute of Ecology *Ansai Comprehensive Soil and Water Conservation Experiment Station (temperate semimoist, semiarid; Loess Plateau), Northwest Institute of Soil and Water Conservation Bayanbulak Grassland Experiment Station, Xinjiang Institute of Biology, Pedology, and Desert Research Beijing Agroecology Experiment Station, Institute of Geography Beijing Forest Ecosystem Experiment Station (warm temperate deciduous broadleaved forest; (Mentougou District, Beijing), Institute of Botany Cele Comprehensive Desert Management Experiment Station, Xinjiang Institute of Biology, Pedology, and Desert Research

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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration *Changbaishan Forest Ecosystem Experiment Station (temperate broadleaved, mixed coniferous forest; northeastern China), Shenyang Institute of Applied Ecology Changshu Agroecology Experiment Station (central subtropical hilly red earth zone), Nanjing Institute of Soil Science Changwu Comprehensive Soil and Water Conservation Experiment Station (temperate semiarid; Loess Plateau, Shaanxi Province), Northwest Institute of Soil and Water Conservation *Dayawan Marine Biology Experiment Station (subtropical marine bay; Guangzhou), South China Sea Institute of Oceanology Dinghushan Subtropical Forest Ecosystem Experiment Station (subtropical evergreen broadleaved forest; Guangzhou), South China Institute of Botany *Donghu Lake Ecosystem Experiment Station (subtropical freshwater lake; Wuhan), Wuhan Institute of Hydrobiology Donshan Aquaculture Experiment Station, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology *Fengqiu Comprehensive Agroecology Experiment Station (warm temperate, semimoist, semiarid; Huang—Huai—Hai Plain, Henan Province), Nanjing Institute of Soil Science *Fukang Desert Ecosystem Experiment Station (temperate desert) Xinjiang Institute of Biology, Pedology, and Desert Research Gonggashan Alpine Ecosystem Experiment Station (subalpine coniferous forest), Chengdu Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment Guizhou Karst Mountain Ecosystem Experiment Station, Guiyang Institute of Geochemistry Guyuan Ecological Experiment Station, Northwest Institute of Soil and Water Conservation *Haibei Alpine Meadow Ecosystem Experiment Station (temperate alpine meadow; Qinghai Province), Northwest Plateau Institute of Biology Hailun Agroecology Experiment Station (temperate, semimoist), Heilongjiang Institute of Agricultural Modernization Hainan Tropical Marine Biology Experiment Station, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology *Heshan Comprehensive Downland Experiment Station (subtropical evergreen broadleaved forest; Guangdong Province), South China Institute of Botany Huangdao Mariculture Experiment Station (temperate marine bay; Northeast China), Qingdao Institute of Oceanology Huitong Subtropical Forest Ecosystem Experiment Station (subtropical evergreen broadleaved forest), Shenyang Institute of Applied Ecology

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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration *Inner Mongolia Grassland Experiment Station (temperate grassland; near Xilinhot), Institute of Botany Jiulianshan Forest Ecology Experiment Station, Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources Linze Desert Experiment Station, Lanzhou Institute of Plateau Atmospheric Physics Luancheng Comprehensive Agroecology Experiment Station (warm temperate, semimoist, Huang—Huai—Hai Plain), Shijiazhuang Institute of Agricultural Modernization Maowen Forest Ecosystem Experiment Station, Chengdu Institute of Biology Maowusu Ecology Experiment Station, Institute of Botany Mosuowan Desert Experiment Station, Xinjiang Institute of Biology, Pedology, and Desert Research Naiman Comprehensive Desert Management Experiment Station (warm temperate, semiarid; Keerqing Desert), Lanzhou Institute of Desert Research Nanpi Agroecology Experiment Station (Huang—Huai—Hai Plain), Shijiazhuang Institute of Agricultural Modernization Qianyanzhou Comprehensive Red Soil Hill Experiment Station (central subtropical, hilly red earth), Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources Sanjiang Plain Marshland Experiment Station (temperate three-river plain and wetlands; Northeast China), Changchun Institute of Geography Shantou Marine Botany Experiment Station, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology Shapotou Desert Experiment Station (temperate semidesert; near Zhongwei, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region), Lanzhou Institute of Desert Research *Shenyang Ecological Experiment Station (warm temperate, semimoist; Liao River Plain), Shenyang Institute of Applied Ecology Taihangshan Mountain Ecology Experiment Station, Shijiazhuang Institute of Agricultural Modernization Taihu Agroecology Experiment Station (subtropical freshwater lake), Nanjing Institute of Soil Science Taihu Lake Comprehensive (Agroecology) Experiment Station (subtropical freshwater lake), Nanjing Geography and Limnology Institute Talimu Water Balance Experiment Station, Xinjiang Institute of Geography Taoyuan Agroecology Experiment Station (central subtropical hilly red earth), Changsha Institute of Agricultural Modernization

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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration Turpan Hongqi Desert Experiment Station, Xinjiang Institute of Biology, Pedology, and Desert Research Wulanaodu Grassland Experiment Station (temperate; Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region), Shenyang Institute of Applied Ecology Wuxihongchiba Artificial Subtropical Alpine Grassland Experiment Station, Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources Xiaoliang Artificial Tropical Forest Ecosystem Experiment Station, (tropical rainforest), Kunming Institute of Ecology Xishuangbanna Tropical Forest Experimental Station (tropical rain forest; Yunnan Province), Kunming Institute of Ecology Xinming Forest Ecology Experiment Station, Shenyang Institute of Applied Ecology Yanting Purple Soil Agroecology Experiment Station (central subtropical hilly purple soil; Sichuan Province), Chengdu Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment *Yingtan Red Soil Hill Experiment Station (northern subtropical, moist), Nanjing Institute of Soil Science Yucheng Comprehensive Experiment Station (warm temperate, semimoist, semiarid; Huang-Huai-Hai Plain), Institute of Geography Zhanjiang Marine Animal Experiment Station, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology NETWORK STUDY ON ECOSYSTEMS IN CHINA2 Study on Structure and Function of Main Ecosystems in China and Approaches of Increasing Their Productivity (1991–1995)3 General Objectives Establish long-term observational and research networks on observation and monitoring of environmental changes and biological aspects. important ecological processes of ecosystems and impacts of human activities on them. data quality control and information system. Study structure, function, and dynamics of main ecosystems; test and develop theories of ecology. Investigate approaches to improving ecosystem management. Tasks Network agroecology study Create a GIS for research areas. Establish station-level managerial model of representative

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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration ecosystem(s) and study water condition, nutrient cycling, energy flow, and management. Study energy-saving agricultural inputs and study their long-term impacts on environment. Study some important ecological processes, for example, decomposition and accumulation of organic matters in soil, degradation and accumulation of pollutants, methane (CH4) fluxes from soil and its regulation. All of these research activities will be carried out at Hailun, Shenyang, Fengqiu, Yingtan, Ansai, Fukang ["leading" agroforestry/agroecosystem CERN stations] and other CERN stations. Network forest ecosystem study Create geographic information systems (GIS) for research areas. Study structure, function, and dynamics of forest ecosystems, including population structure and dynamics, energy exchange, nutrient cycling, and hydrological and meteorological functions. Make ecological models describing structure, function, and dynamics of ecosystems. Establish managerial models of ecosystems. All of these research activities will be carried out at Changbaishan, Beijing, Huitong, Dinghushan, and Heshan [all are "leading" forestry CERN stations except Huitong] Network study on grassland ecosystems Create GIS for research areas. Study structure, productivity, food web, and energy flow of ecosystems. Study carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur cycling and water balance. Establish managerial model of ecosystems. All of these research activities will be carried out at the Inner Mongolia and Haibei stations. Study on lake and coastal ecosystems Create GIS for research areas. Study the food web and energy flow and their relationship to productivity of ecosystems. Study carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus cycling between different energy levels and surface of ecosystem and their effects on environment and productivity. Impacts of human activity on structure and function of ecosystem and their regulation. Establish managerial model of ecosystems.

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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration Study of ecosystem study techniques and information systems Standardize observational methods and publish related handbooks. Study methodology of data quality control and operation of technical systems at station and research centers. Data management. Make software suitable for operating information system at research stations. Make GIS and apply it in research and management of natural resources. Make models suitable for the research of structure, function, and dynamics of ecosystems and their regulation. NOTES 1.   The overall listing was updated in April 1992. An update of "leading" station designations was received in September 1992. 2.   Original translated by Zhao Shidong, Shenyang Institute of Applied Ecology. 3.   Outline of the general objectives and tasks in the CERN research plan.