Index

A

Acid rain. See Precipitation composition

Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae (Huangjing Kexue Xuebao [Journal of Environmental Sciences]), 92, 161

Ad hoc USA-PRC Committee for the Joint Study of Global Change, 21

Advanced very high resolution radiometer (AVHRR) data, 8, 49, 63, 81, 104, 137, 159, 171

Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 143

Aerosols, 10, 30, 57, 58, 59, 93, 95-96, 136, 184, 192

An Zhisheng, 169, 176, 190

Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, 58, 96

Antarctica, 30, 96, 149-150, 195

Arimoto, Richard, 116, 169, 190

Asian Development Bank, 51

Astronomy data, 41

Atlas of Climate Physics of Tropical Pacific Ocean, 77

Atmospheric chemistry.

See also International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC) Project

overview of research in, 92-93

studies in specific areas of, 9-11, 93-97, 117, 183, 187

and U.S. Science and Technology Umbrella Agreement, 183-185

Atmospheric Chemistry Center, 138

Atmospheric deposition, 11, 96-97, 187, 194

Augustana College, 106

Australia, 76, 144, 193, 194

B

Beijing Agroecology Experiment Station, 144, 197

Beijing Astronomical Observatory, 41

Beijing Data Center, 138

Beijing Forest Ecosystem Experiment Station, 113, 143, 197



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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration Index A Acid rain. See Precipitation composition Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae (Huangjing Kexue Xuebao [Journal of Environmental Sciences]), 92, 161 Ad hoc USA-PRC Committee for the Joint Study of Global Change, 21 Advanced very high resolution radiometer (AVHRR) data, 8, 49, 63, 81, 104, 137, 159, 171 Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 143 Aerosols, 10, 30, 57, 58, 59, 93, 95-96, 136, 184, 192 An Zhisheng, 169, 176, 190 Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, 58, 96 Antarctica, 30, 96, 149-150, 195 Arimoto, Richard, 116, 169, 190 Asian Development Bank, 51 Astronomy data, 41 Atlas of Climate Physics of Tropical Pacific Ocean, 77 Atmospheric chemistry. See also International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC) Project overview of research in, 92-93 studies in specific areas of, 9-11, 93-97, 117, 183, 187 and U.S. Science and Technology Umbrella Agreement, 183-185 Atmospheric Chemistry Center, 138 Atmospheric deposition, 11, 96-97, 187, 194 Augustana College, 106 Australia, 76, 144, 193, 194 B Beijing Agroecology Experiment Station, 144, 197 Beijing Astronomical Observatory, 41 Beijing Data Center, 138 Beijing Forest Ecosystem Experiment Station, 113, 143, 197

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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration Beijing Forestry University, 203 Beijing Normal University contact information for, 203 initiative in global change education, 47-48 Institute of Low-Energy Physics, 135-136, 192 Beijing University. See Peking University Berry, Joseph, 19 Bilateral projects. See also Multilateral and non-U.S. bilateral research programs under U.S. Science and Technology Umbrella Agreement, 182-192 Biogeochemistry. See also Trace gases research in, 11-12, 91, 104, 106, 107, 162, 163, 169, 190 Biological and Geological Survey, U.S., 140 Biospheric Aspects of the Hydrological Cycle and Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (BAHC/GEWEX), 28, 35, 89, 177 explanation of, 65 institutes conducting research related to, 53-54 research conducted on, 65-69 Sino-Japanese Atmosphere-Land Processes Experiment (HEIFE), 35, 89, 108, 150, 194 Brown, Sandra, 88, 166, 191 Brunig, Hans, 88, 166 Brunt, James, 190 Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre, 193 C Cang Shuxi, 176 Cao Jiaxin, 157 Cao Jiping, 32 Cao Pifu, 32 Carbon dioxide-vegetation interactions. See Climate-vegetation interactions Carnegie Institution, Stanford University, 166 Cen Jiafa, 32 Center for Environmental Sciences, 158 Center of Computation, 43 Chen Guodong, 147 Chen Guofan, 32 Chen Jiaqi, 26, 153 Chen Junchang, 178 Chen Kai, 159 Chen Lieting, 174 Chen Longxun, 184, 193, 194 Chen Panqin, 26, 32 Chen Qinglong, 26 Chen Quangong, 82 Chen Shixun, 167, 171, 175 Chen Shupeng, 26 Chen Tegu, 167 Chen Yongning, 26 Chen Yuejuan, 173 Chen Zijiu, 193 Cheng Guodong, 61 Cheng Jicheng, 159 Cheng Tianwen, 179 China and American Air-Sea Experiments (CHAASE), 96, 169 China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), 25, 38, 203 China Environmental Science (Zhongguo Huanjing Kexue), 43, 92 China Ocean Press, 50, 70 China Remote Sensing Satellite Ground Station contact information for, 203 discussion of, 136-137 Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences (CAMS), 35, 37, 38, 49 contact information for, 203 discussion of, 138-139 research at, 93, 95, 98, 138-139, 183-185

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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), 37, 38, 65, 75, 81, 112, 187-189, 190, 191, 192, 193, 194-195 ecological stations of, 197-202 function of, 5, 40-41 funding of global change research by, 40 initiative in global change education, 47-48 reports and articles by, 82 research priorities of, 3-4, 19, 28 Chinese Ecological Research Network (CERN), 5, 8-9, 28, 53, 113, 115, 140, 145, 151, 190 cooperation with U.S. Long-Term Ecological Research Network, 87-88 discussion of, 83-89 field stations of, 85, 197-200 information system of, 85-86 research of, 86-89, 111, 112, 200-202 subcenters of, 84-85 Synthesis Center of, 84-86, 113, 115, 140 Chinese National Climate Committee (CNCC), 18, 76 contact information for, 204 establishment of, 4, 32 organization and membership of, 32-34 research programs of, 34-35 Chinese National Committee for the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program (CNCIGBP), 5, 8, 18 assistance to panel from, 19 Bulletin of the CNCIGBP, 29, 60 contact information for, 204 function of, 3-4 organization and membership of, 25-28 and projects relevant to IGBP, 30-32 research agenda of, 28-32, 111-112 workshops of, 29-30 Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences (CRAES), 35, 37, 38, 43, 93, 137, 186 Chinese Universities Remote Sensing Center, 159. See also Institute of Remote Sensing Technology and Application Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), 16, 42-43, 185, 186 Chou Jifan, 32 Climate, 34 Climate-biosphere interactions, 112 Climate change. See also National Climate Change Coordination Group; Past Global Changes effecting land cover change, 12, 108-116 impact on economic development, 24, 80 responses to, 36, 51 Climate change impacts, 4, 35, 42, 36, 139, 190-191 Climate Institute, 190 Climate models, 35, 68, 78, 138, 188 Climate Monitoring Bulletin, 76 Climate Physics in the Tropical Ocean, Atlas of, 77 Climate Research Center, 138 Climate research program. See Chinese National Climate Committee Climate-vegetation interactions, 39, 62-65, 104-105, 164, 191 Climatology, land surface and hydrology, 65-69, 89 Coal dependence on, 15, 16 emissions from burning, 9, 121, 122, 187 Coal-bed methane, 42, 187 Coastal zone. See also Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone (LOICZ); Marine environments research in China, 69-70

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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration definition of, 72 Collaboration benefits of, 13 panel views on, 119, 121-124 with Australia, 76, 144, 193, 194 with Denmark, 193 with former Soviet Union, 148, 149, 158, 193 with France, 193 with Germany, 87, 162, 166, 193, 195 with Hong Kong, 194 with Japan, 43, 116, 136, 137, 148, 162, 192-194. See also Sino-Japanese Atmosphere-Land Surface Processes Experiment (HEIFE) with Korea, 192, 194 with Switzerland, 193, 195 with Taiwan, 194 with United Kingdom, 144 with United States, 75, 76, 87-88, 94, 96, 136, 142, 144, 148, 153, 158, 162, 166, 193-195 with Uruguay, 150, 195 Colorado State University, 87, 184 Columbia-Lamont Doherty Geological Observatory, 185 Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources (CISNAR) contact information for, 204 discussion of, 139-141 research conducted at, 41, 83, 84, 113 Commission on Atmospheric Chemistry and Global Pollution, 56 Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA), 81 Committee on Scholarly Communication with the People's Republic of China (CSCPRC), 16-18, 88, 156 Conservation technologies, 42-43 Cooperative Ecological Research Project, 88, 166, 193 Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Agreement (COARE), 75, 76 Cui Haiting, 26, 157, 158, 176 Cui Zhijiu, 157 D Data. See also World Data Center (WDC-D); AVHRR access to observational stratosphere ozone, 96 access to precipitation, 97 agricultural, 140 Chinese Ecological Research Network, 85-86 climate, 34, 143, 188 climate research subprogram on, 34-35 collection, management, and accessibility of Chinese, 39, 82, 120-121, 122 Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources, 139-140 data management training, 190 forestry, 171 linkage between DIS and regional and national centers responsible for, 82 National Environmental Protection Agency, 43 oceanographic, 189 Data and Information Systems (DIS) for the IGBP, 8, 28, 145 description of, 81-82 institutes conducting research related to, 54 Deng Genyun, 173-174 Deng Nan, 26, 32, 51 Denmark, 193 Department of Agriculture, U.S., 182-183 Department of Energy, (U.S.)-Chinese Academy of Sciences (DOE-CAS) Joint Research on the Greenhouse Effect, 57, 89, 102, 142, 146, 187-189

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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration Department of Science and Technology for Social Development. See State Science and Technology Commission Ding Yang, 164 Ding Yihui, 27, 138, 184, 185 Dinghushan Subtropical Forest Ecosystem Experiment Station, 165, 166, 198 Donahue, Thomas, 48 Dong Yuanhua, 152, 155 Dozier, Jeff, 149 Dust, 10, 15, 67, 95 study of long-range transport of, 5, 58, 116, 169, 190 E East Asia/North Pacific Regional Study (APARE), 58-59, 94, 194 East China Normal University, 47 Eddy, John, 17 Education, 47-48, 80, 122 Ehleringer, James, 166 Eighth 5-Year Plan (1991–1995), 4, 29-30, 51 El Niño monitoring, 76-77 El Niño Southern Oscillation, 142, 148, 149, 168, 188 Ellis, James, 111 Emissions, 92-95. See also Coal biogenic, 2-3, 15, 103-104 data collection regarding, 39, 122 greenhouse gas, 5, 42, 51, 57, 184, See also DOE-CAS industrial, 2-3 Environmental Chemistry (Huangjing Huaxue), 92, 161 Environmental Protection Agency, U.S., 42, 112, 152, 185-187 Environmental Science (Huangjing Kexue), 92, 161 Environmental Science and Technology Information (Huanjing Keji Qingbao), 43 Environmental Science Research (Huanjing Kexue Yanjiu), 43 F Fan Xinqin, 157 Fang Weiqing, 27, 32 Fang Zongyi, 32 Feng Sijian, 32 Feng Zongwei, 113, 194 Fengqiu Comprehensive Agroecology Experiment Station, 154, 198 Field, Chris, 166 First Institute of Oceanography, 50, 70, 159 Fossil energy. See Science and Technology Umbrella Agreement, U.S.; Coal France, 193 Fraunhofer Institute, 57, 102, 195 Fu Baopu, 32 Fu Congbin, 27, 48, 81, 104 Fu Wei, 164 Fujimura, Mitsuru, 136 Fukang Desert Ecosystem Observation and Experiment Station, 170 Funding, 39-40, 43, 44, 45, 46, 119-120, 122, 161 G Galloway, James, 19, 21, 191 Gan Shijun, 51 Gan Zijun, 32, 168 Gansu Grassland Project, 81-82 Gansu Grasslands Ecological Research Institute, 81-82, 110 Gao Youxi, 32, 194 General circulation models, 35, 39, 67, 142, 187, 190 Geographic information systems, 63, 85, 114, 115, 137, 145, 159 Geophysical data, 41 Georgia Institute of Technology, 94 Germany, 162, 166, 193, 195 Gifford, Roger, 164 Glaciers. See Ice core studies; Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology

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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration and Geocryology; World Data Center-D Global Analysis, Interpretation, and Modeling (GAIM) description of, 78 institutes conducting research related to, 54 Special Committee, 28 Global change. See also Climate change China's impact on, 24, 97 China's role in, 15-16 China's view of, 2-3, 23-24, 65 conceptual model of past, 29 sensitive areas of environmental change and detection of early signals of significant, 29-30 Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems (GCTE) project, 28, 108, 144, 191 China's vegetation and climate and, 62-63 explanation of, 62 institutes conducting research related to, 54 research related to, 29, 63-64 Global change education, 47-48, 80, 122 Global change programs benefits of collaboration with Chinese in, 13 Chinese participation in international, 5-12 overview of, 24-25 panel views regarding, 119-124 workshops to implement China's, 29-30 Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX). See Biospheric Aspects of the Hydrological Cycle Global Environment Facility (GEF), 42, 79 Global Trends Network, 187 Gosz, James, 21, 88, 190 Grasslands, 31, 82, 86, 110-111. See also Land cover change Grasslands and Grassland Sciences in Northern China, 111 Great Britain, 144 Greenhouse gases, 184. See also DOE-CAS; Emissions; IGAC; Trace gases grant to study control and mitigation of, 42, 51 Guangzhou Institute of Geography contact information for, 204 discussion of, 141 research conducted at, 73 Guiyang Institute of Geochemistry, 149, 204 Guo Changming, 150 Guo Dexi, 32 Guo Shiqin, 27 H Halons, 185, 186 Han Makang, 157 Han Shuti, 176 Hashimoto, Yoshikazu, 136 He Shanyu, 179 He Youhai, 168 Hebei Province General Hydrology Station, 101 Hehai University, 100, 101 Heshan Comprehensive Downland Experiment Station, 165, 198 Hing Ashi, 177 Historical analysis, 2, 3, 24, 32, 72-73, 109, 110, 113, 122, 138, 141, 185, 188, 190. See also Past Global Changes Hong Kong, 94, 194 Hong Yetang, 27 Hou Renzhi, 157 Hu Dunxin, 27, 32, 74, 160 Hu Huanling, 173 Hu Suozhong, 166 Huang Bingwei, 27 Huang Junxiong, 160 Huang Shengzhang, 179 Huang Wenhua, 158 Huang Zhenguo, 141, 177

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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration Huangdao Mariculture Experiment Station, 160, 198 Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Program (HD/GEC), 5, 79, 121 Chinese participation in, 8 discussion of, 53, 82 impacts, 36 institutes conducting research related to, 54 research related to, 83, 179 Hydrology, 7, 11, 29, 98 research conducted on, 64, 98-102, 164, 183 I Ice core studies, 100, 148-149, 193 Inayoshi, Akira, 136 Industrial emissions, 2-3 INFOTERRA, 161 Inner Mongolia Grassland Ecosystem Experiment Station, 89, 106, 143, 199 Institute of Analysis and Measurement, 43 Institute of Arid Regions Research, 138 Institute of Atmospheric Environment, 43 Institute of Atmospheric Physics, 35, 39, 57, 58, 85 Annual Report of the Institute of Atmospheric Physics, 143 contact information for, 204 discussion of, 141-142 research conducted at, 89, 93, 96, 98, 100, 142-143 Scientia Atmospherica Sinica (Daqi Kexue), 92, 143 Institute of Botany, 39 contact information for, 204 discussion of, 143 ecological modeling at, 85 research conducted at, 104, 114, 115, 144 terrestrial ecosystems studies, 6, 63-65 Institute of Desalination, 50 Institute of Ecological Environment, 43 Institute of Environmental and Economic Policy Research, 43 Institute of Environmental Information, 43 Institute of Environmental Law Research, 43 Institute of Environmental Management, 43 Institute of Environmental Standards, 43 Institute of Forestry Science, 204 Institute of Geography, 60, 85, 115 contact information for, 204 Department of Hydrology, 72 discussion of, 144-145 Laboratory of Resources and Environment Information Systems, 114-115, 144-145 maps compiled by, 82 research conducted at, 89, 98, 101, 114, 115, 145-146 Institute of Geophysics, 41 Institute of Hydrological Engineering, 204 Institute of Karst Geology, 204 Institute of Low-Energy Physics, 135-136 Institute of Marine Environmental Protection, 50, 70 Institute of Marine Scientific and Technological Information, 50, 70 Institute of Ocean Technology, 50, 70 Institute of Remote Sensing Applications, 137 Institute of Remote Sensing Technology and Application (Peking University), 137, 158-159 Institute of Systems Science, 83 Institute of Water Environment, 43

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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration Institute of Zoology, 205 Integrated Research Center for Natural Resources and Agricultural Development, 84, 113, 140 Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research, 79 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 36 International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU), 3, 24, 26, 28, 53, 73, 79 International Geographical Union, 101 International Geosphere-Biosphere Program (IGBP), 3, 5, 17, 24, 43, 71, 81, 121 projects relevant to, 30-32, 53-82, 11, 112, 173-178 International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC) Project, 28 East Asia/North Pacific Regional Study (APARE), 58-59, 94, 194 focus of, 5, 56-57 institutes conducting research related to, 54 research related to, 57-59, 94, 173-179 International Hydrology Project (UNESCO), 149 International Social Science Council, 5, 54, 82 J Japan collaboration with, 43, 94, 116, 136, 137, 148, 162, 192-194. See also Sino-Japanese Atmosphere Land Surface Processes Experiment (HEIFE) measurement of aerosols over, 95 Japanese Environmental Protection Agency, 94, 193 Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 193 Japanese Science and Technology Agency, 193 Jiang Youxu, 32 Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS), 7, 28, 160, 168 Chinese committee activities of, 73-74 institutes conducting research related to, 54-55 National Program on Margin Flux in East China Sea, 74-75 objectives of, 72, 73 research related to, 74-75, 178 K Keio University, 136, 192 Ki Xingsheng, 173 Kiang, C. S., 19 Kong Xiangru, 61 Korea, 94, 192, 194 Korean Ocean Research and Development Institute, 58 Kotlyakov, M., 149 Kukla, George, 149 Kuroshio Ocean Current, 30, 50, 74, 75, 178, 193 Kyoto University, 65, 136, 192, 194 L La Niña, 77 Laboratoire de glaciologie et geophsique de l'environnement, 193 Laboratory for Frozen Soil Engineering, National Key, 147 Laboratory for Quantitative Vegetation Analysis, 63; See also reported as Laboratory for Quantitative Ecology, 144 Laboratory of Material Cycling in the Pedosphere, National Key, 154 Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and

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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration Geophysical Fluid Dynamics (LASG), National Key, 143 Laboratory of Resources and Environment Information Systems (LREIS), National Key 114-115, 144-145 Land cover change climate change effects on, 12, 108-116 dynamics of, 115-116 overview of, 108-109 research conducted on, 109-115 Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone (LOICZ), 7, 28, 71-73, 77, 154, 168 discussion of, 71-72 institutes conducting research related to, 54-55 research related to, 72-73, 177-178 Landsat, 136, 137 Lanzhou Institute of Desert Research, 72, 110 Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, 41, 60, 61, 143, 151, 170 contact information for, 205 discussion of, 147-148 research conducted at, 100, 148-150, 193 Lanzhou Institute of Plateau Atmospheric Physics, 35, 65, 143, 147 contact information for, 205 discussion of, 150-151 research conducted at, 151 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 89 Leach, Beryl, 19 Li Bingyuan, 149 Li Fuxian, 50 Li Jijun, 61, 149 Li Peiji, 149, 174 Li Pingri, 141, 178 Li Tieying, 45 Li Wenhua, 27, 89, 179, 191 Li Yongqi, 27 Li Yushan, 156 Li Zechun, 32 Liaoning Normal University, 70 Life-supporting environment, 4, 30 Lin Guangsong, 155 Lin Hai, 27 Liu Chaohai, 149 Liu Chunzheng, 32, 100, 101 Liu Gengnian, 157 Liu Hongliang, 43 Liu Jibin, 36 Liu Jihan, 157 Liu Jingyi, 48, 163 Liu, Shaw, 19, 183 Liu Shida, 174 Liu Shu, 27 Liu Tungsheng, 27, 89, 168, 176, 195 Liu Xinren, 100 Liu Yubin, 33 Liu Yuyan, 176 Loess, 60, 168 Plateau, 30, 80, 121, 156, 169 Loess, Environment and Global Change, 170 London University, 105 Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER), U.S., 87-88, 89, 90, 170 Loucks, Orie, 89, 166, 191 Lu Jingting, 27 Lu Jiuyuan, 33 Lu Shouben, 27 Lu Ting, 135 Lue Youlang, 167 M Ma Ainai, 159 Ma Bin, 179 Ma Peimin, 173 Ma Yang, 27 Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Program, 88-89, 165 191, 193, 204 Mao Handing, 179 Maousu Ecology Experiment Station, 143, 199

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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration Margin Flux in the East China Sea (MFECS), 74-75 Marine Environmental Forecasting Center, National, 50, 58, 70, 96 Marine environments research. See also Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS); Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone (LOICZ); Tropical Ocean and Global Atmosphere (TOGA) Program discussion of, 7, 69-70 institutions involved in, 54-55, 70-71 under U.S. Science and Technology Umbrella Agreement, 189 McCarthy, James, 17 Meteorological data, 49 Methane emissions, 15, 57, 103, 157, 189 from coal-bed, 42, 187 from rice paddies, 15, 57, 103, 182, 186, 195 Miami University, 191 Ministry of Agriculture (MOA), 49, 70, 82, 113, 140, 182, 205 Ministry of Chemical Industry, 42 Ministry of Energy, 49, 187 Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA), 35, 205 Ministry of Forestry, 49 Ministry of Geology and Mineral Resources (MOGM), 71, 205 Ministry of Light Industry, 185 Ministry of Public Safety, 185 Ministry of Urban and Rural Construction, 49 Ministry of Water Resources (MOWR), 11 contact information for, 205 function of, 98 research conducted at, 99-100, 183 Monsoon research, 80, 139, 143, 148, 149, 184. See also TOGA Australian, 194 climate, 62, 76 East Asian, 76, 114 Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone, 1, 16, 42, 43 Mooney, Harold, 17 Multilateral and non-U.S, bilateral research programs, 192-195. See also Collaboration; individual countries N Nanjing Institute of Environmental Science, 43 contact information for, 205 discussion of, 152 research conducted at, 114, 186 Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, 61, 149, 155 contact information for, 205 discussion of, 152-154 research conducted at, 72, 100, 113 Nanjing Institute of Hydrology and Water Resources, 98, 100, 101 Nanjing Institute of Soil Science contact information for, 205 research conducted at, 85, 104, 106, 152, 154 Nanjing University, 70 contact information for, 206 Department of Geo and Ocean Sciences, 70, 73, 113, 155-156 research conducted at, 93, 115 National Academy of Sciences, 16 National Aeronautics and Space Administration, U.S. (NASA), 58, 94, 182, 183 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), 89, 182, 189, 191 Community Climate Model, 139 National Center for Global Change Research, 80 National Climate Change

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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration Coordination Group (NCCCG), 11, 36, 49, 51, 102, 111 contact information for, 206 organization of, 35-36 National Environmental Protection Agency (NEPA), 37, 38 contact information for, 206 function of, 5, 35, 42-43, 97, 116 research conducted at, 93, 96-97, 112, 152, 185-187, 191, 193 Sino-Japan Friendship Environmental Protection Center, 43, 193 National key laboratory system, 52 National Meteorological Center, 34, 35, 49 National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), 6, 38, 73, 90 contact information for, 206 function of, 5, 40, 43-45 funding of global change research by, 40, 59, 112, 120, 122, 173-179 Guide to Programs, 44 organization of, 44-45 National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. (NOAA), 58, 76, 89, 94, 159, 183, 187, 189, 191 National Remote Sensing Center, 52, 159 National Satellite Meteorological Center, 49, 63 National Science Foundation (NSF), U.S., 2, 17, 18, 76, 87, 90, 184, 185 Natural resources data, 41 Net primary productivity, 104-105 New Mexico State University, 182 Nie Baofu, 167, 175 Ningbo Oceanography School, 50, 70 Nippon Environmental Pollution Control Center, 136 Nitrous oxide emissions, 103-104 North Korea, 155 Northern Illinois University, 192 Northwest Institute of Soil and Water Conservation contact information for, 206 discussion of, 156-157 research conducted at, 106 O Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 89 Ocean flux studies, 74-75. See also Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS); Marine environments research Ohio State University, 193 Open laboratory system, 41, 52 Oregon Graduate Institute of Science and Technology, 89, 189 Oregon State University, 87 Ouyang Ziyuan, 27 Ozone, 5, 10, 32, 56, 58, 96 P Pacific Exploratory Mission (PEM), 58 East Asia/North Pacific Regional Study (APARE), 58-59, 94, 194 PEM-West, 58-59, 94, 95, 183 Pacific Science Association, 124 Paleoenvironments. See also Past Global Changes studies in, 146, 157, 190, 192 uniqueness of Chinese records of, 6, 60, 61, 121 Pan Liangbao, 153 Pan Yushen, 61 Panel on Global Climate Change Sciences in China formation of, 18 methodology of, 18-20 research areas focused on by, 91 views on collaboration prospects, 123-124 views on contributions to international research programs, 121-122

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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration views on global change programs, 119-121 Past Global Changes (PAGES), 4, 28, 29, 59-60, 112, 153, 157, 167 institutes conducting research related to, 55 research related to, 60-62, 80, 109, 174-177, 190, 192 Pei Chunli, 135 Peking University, 48, 58 Center for Environmental Sciences, 158, 206 contact information for, 206 Institute of Remote Sensing Technology and Application, 137, 158-159 research conducted at, 93, 96, 157-158 Penn State University, 194 Physikalisches Institut der Universität Bern, 193 Porter, Stephen, 169, 190 Precipitation composition, 11, 31, 56, 92, 93, 96-97, 157, 158, 163, 191 Pu Peimin, 153 Q Qian Junlong, 153, 174 Qian Zhengxu, 178 Qin Dahe, 149-150, 195 Qin Guoxiong, 164 Qin Yunshan, 159 Qin Zenghao, 178 Qingdao Institute of Oceanology, 70, 72, 167 contact information for, 206 discussion of, 159-160 Qingdao Ocean University, 70, 159 Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, 51, 61, 62, 80, 113, 117, 122, 144, 146, 153, 183, 184 Qiu Guangwen, 33 Qu Geping, 42 R Reardon-Anderson, James, 111 Reiners, William, 19 Ren Mei-e, 141, 155-156, 167, 178 Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences (RCEES) contact information for, 206 discussion of, 160-161 research conducted at, 93, 97, 113, 161-163, 194 Rice paddy emissions. See Methane Russia. See Soviet Union, former Russian Academy of Sciences, 48, 158 S Sacklette, Dr., 167 Schimel, David, 19 Science and Technology Umbrella Agreement, U.S. agriculture protocol, 182-183 atmosphere protocol, 183-185 environment protocol, 185-187 fossil energy protocol, 187-189 marine/fishery protocol, 189 summaries of selected university-level bilateral projects, 190-192 Scientia Atmospherica Sinica (Daqi Kexue), 92, 143 Scientific institutions contact information for, 203-207 funding of, 39-40 organization of, 4-5, 13, 37-39, 120 Second Institute of Oceanography, 50, 70 Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology agricultural ecosystems studies by, 6, 64, 65 contact information for, 206 discussion of, 163-164 research conducted at, 1-5, 101, 164

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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration Shao Kesheng, 157 Shen Guoquan, 33 Shen Qiuxing, 27 Shen Shanmin, 27 Shen Wenxiong, 33 Shenyang Institute of Applied Ecology, 206 Shi Nianhai, 175 Shi Shaohua, 153 Shi Yafeng, 61, 100, 148-149, 153, 178 Sino-Japanese Atmosphere-Land Surface Processes Experiment (HEIFE), 35, 65-67, 89, 108, 150, 194 Snow cover studies, 149 Soil nutrient studies, 106 Song Jian, 26, 51 Song Xueliang, 176 South China Botanical Garden, 165 South China Institute of Botany, 89 contact information for, 206 discussion of, 165-166 South China Institute of Environmental Protection, 43 South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, 71, 72, 141 contact information for, 207 discussion of, 167 research conducted at, 72, 167-168 Soviet Union, former, 148, 149, 158, 193 Space science data, 41 State Education Commission (SEDC), 38 contact information for, 207 function of, 45, 47-48 State Environmental Protection Commission (SEPC), 35, 38, 42 contact information for, 207 function of, 5, 49 State Meteorological Administration (SMA), 38, 39, 59, 75, 76, 138. See also Chinese Academy of Meteorological Science (CAMS) contact information for, 207 function of, 5, 49, 57, 98, 116 National Meteorological Center, 34, 35, 49 National Satellite Meteorological Center, 49, 63 research conducted at, 93, 96-97, 183-185, 193, 194 State Oceanographic Administration (SOA), 37, 38, 71, 75, 96, 189, 193 contact information for, 207 function of, 5, 35, 49-50, 58 State Planning Commission (SPC), 38, 139, 144 contact information for, 207 function of, 5, 50 State Science and Technology Commission (SSTC), 4, 35, 38, 61 contact information for, 207 function of, 51-52 funding of global change research by, 40, 144 role of, 5, 36 State University of New York, Albany, 89, 184, 187 State University of New York, Stony Brook, 89, 187, 188 Su Weihan, 163 Su Weimin, 176 Sulfur dioxide. See Coal Sun Guchou, 174 Sun Honglie, 27, 61, 88, 139 Sun Xiangjun, 175 Sun Yuke, 167 Switzerland, 193 Synthetic Aperture Radar, 137 System for Analysis, Research, and Training (START) CNCIGBP proposal to Standing Committee of, 8, 79-81 description of, 79 institutes conducting research related to, 55-56 Sze, Nien Dak, 19

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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration T Taihu Agroecology Experiment Station, 154, 199 Taihu Lake Comprehensive Experiment Station, 103, 199 Taiwan, 94, 194 Tang Keli, 156 Tang Maocang, 33, 61 Tang Peisung, 143 Tang Xiaoyan, 48, 157, 158 Tao Shiyan, 33 Terrestrial ecosystems, 6, 29 Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery, 136-137 Third Institute of Oceanography, 50, 71 Thompson, Lonnie, 148, 193 Tianshan Glacier Research Laboratory, 147 Tianshan Glaciology Research Station, 147, 170 Tibetan Plateau. See Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Tibetan Plateau Institute, 138 Tieszen, Larry, 106 Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 194 Tongji University, 47, 70 Trace gases. See also PEM-West biotic controls on, 11-12, 102-108 impact of human activities on biological sources of, 29 monitoring of, 57-58 research conducted on, 9-10, 93-95, 162, 183, 190 Translation of Environmental Science (Huanjing Kexue Yicong), 43 Tropical Ocean and Global Atmosphere (TOGA) Program, 50, 58, 75-76, 96, 138, 168, 184, 185, 189, 193 El Niño monitoring by, 76-77 Equatorial Mesoscale Experiment, 194 explanation of, 4, 7, 35, 75 institutes conducting research related to, 56 monsoon climate research of, 76 observation programs of, 76 Tu Mengzhao, 165 Tu Qingying, 152 U United Kingdom, 144 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, 50 United Nations Development Program (UNDP), 42 United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 87, 149, 193 United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), 105, 155 United States. See also Science and Technology Umbrella Agreement, U.S. collaboration with, 75, 76, 87-88, 94, 96, 123, 136, 142, 144, 148, 153, 158, 162, 166, 193-195 University of Arizona, 185 University of Maryland, 190 University of Miami, 191 University of Michigan, 48 University of Minnesota, 153 University of New Mexico, 21 University of North Carolina, 158 University of Rhode Island, 58, 116, 169, 190 University of Science and Technology of China, 41, 47, 58, 93, 96 University of South Carolina, 192 University of Utah, 166 University of Virginia, 21, 87, 191 University of Washington, 190 University of Wisconsin, 185 Uruguay, 150, 195

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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration W Waliguanshan Atmospheric Baseline Observatory, 94 Wan Guojiang, 175 Wang, Wei-Chyung, 19 Wang Baocan, 178 Wang Binke, 156 Wang Guiqin, 173 Wang Huadong, 48 Wang Juemou, 33 Wang Lixian, 27 Wang Mingxing, 136, 189 Wang Nailiang, 157 Wang Pinxian, 176 Wang Ren, 27 Wang Shaowu, 33, 157 Wang Suming, 153 Wang Tao, 110 Wang Tianduo, 64, 164 Wang, Wei-Chyung, 19, 188 Wang Wenxing, 43 Wang Xinfu, 135, 136 Wang Xinmin, 136 Wang Yangzu, 33 Wang Yuanzhong, 33 Water resources. See also Hydrology Water-Saving Agriculture on the North China Plain study, 64, 108, 164 Water Science Institute of the Yellow River Basin Commission, 100 Wei Dingwen, 173 Wen Jianping, 51 Wen Qizhong, 153 Weng Duming, 33 Wilson, William, 158, 187 Winchester, John, 19 World Climate Research Program (WCRP), 5, 44, 121 explanation of, 3, 24 research projects of, 35, 53 World Data Center (WDC-D), 35, 36, 41, 52, 81, 84, 113, 140, 145, 147 listing of WDC-D subcenters, 90 World Meteorological Organization (WMO), 3, 4, 24, 53, 138 World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE), 50, 73, 168 Wu Baozhong, 33 Wu Yuguang, 135 Wuhan Hydraulic and Electrical Engineering University, 98, 100 X Xia Xuncheng, 170 Xi'an Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, 60, 136, 190, 195 contact information for, 207 discussion of, 168 research conducted at, 169-170 Xiao Lingmu, 175 Xiao Xuchang, 27 Xiaoliang Artificial Tropical Forest Ecosystem Experiment Station, 165, 166 Xie Xiangfang, 179 Xie Zichu, 148, 149 Xinjiang Institute of Biology, Pedology, and Desert Research contact information for, 207 discussion of, 170-171 research conducted at, 106 Xinjiang Institute of Environmental Research, 43 Xu Daquan, 164 Xu Deying, 27 Xu Haipeng, 157 Xu Jialin, 48 Xu Songling, 174 Xu Xiru, 159 Y Yan Hongmo, 49-50 Yang Daqing, 149 Yang Linzhang, 152, 155 Yang Wenhe, 33 Yang Xiangheng, 155

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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration Yang Xiongli, 164 Yao Tandong, 148, 175 Ye Duzheng, 2, 3, 19, 23, 26, 28-30, 33, 40, 51, 142, 177 Ye Zhizheng, 176 Ying Jonsheng, 176 Yingtan Red Soil Hill Experiment Station, 154, 200 Yu Shuwen, 164 Yu Xixian, 157 Yu Zhouwen, 33 Yuan Daoxian, 28 Yuan Yaocu, 193 Yuan Yeli, 178 Yucheng Integrated Experiment Station, 144, 200 Z Zeng Qingcun, 33, 142, 187 Zhang Chijun, 177 Zhang De'er, 175 Zhang Haifeng, 69 Zhang Jiacheng, 34 Zhang Jijia, 34 Zhang Jin, 177 Zhang Peiyuan, 146, 188 Zhang Qiaoling, 34 Zhang Qiaomin, 167, 168 Zhang Shen, 28 Zhang Shifa, 100 Zhang Xiaoye, 136, 169 Zhang Xinshi (a.k.a. Chang Hsinshih or David Chang), 28, 61, 63, 104, 144, 143, 146, 191 Zhang Xuebin, 153 Zhang Yue, 28 Zhang Zonghu, 28 Zhao Dianwu, 163 Zhao Huanting, 167 Zhao Jianping, 190 Zhao Qiguo, 28, 154 Zhao Songling, 176 Zhao Xianping, 193 Zhao Zhongci, 157 Zheng Benxing, 175 Zheng Changsu, 153 Zheng Du, 61, 144, 146 Zheng Qinglin, 184 Zhong Gongfu, 179 Zhongshan University, 167, 171, 207 Zhou Guangzhao, 80 Zhou Lisan, 83 Zhou Xiaoping, 185 Zhou Xiuji, 34, 138, 183 Zhou Yinlin, 175 Zhou Zejiang, 152 Zhu Guanghua, 135, 136 Zhu Yuanzhi, 167 Zhu Zhenda, 110 Zhuang Yahui, 113, 161 Zou Jiahua, 50 Zou Jingmeng, 32, 49 Zou Renlin, 175 Zou Tingru, 175 Zu Haipeng, 158 Zuo Dakang, 144