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China and Global Change: Opportunities for Collaboration
SSTC administers the National Remote Sensing Center, but actual research and training are carried out at various research institutions.
The panel decided that, although some ministries do control important emissions data that are relevant to global change research, a discussion of their overall roles does not fit the objectives of this chapter. Relevant research activities of various ministries are reported elsewhere in this report.
Applied basic research is defined here as basic research that is oriented to some application (Li 1990).
Basic research is defined here as "mainly aimed at understanding natural phenomena, discovering objective laws and conducting systematic investigation, examination, and analysis of basic scientific data and exploring the associated laws" (Li 1990).
Open laboratories are a CAS designation that means the facility has met certain standards for operation and equipment and that it is open to non-CAS organizations and foreign scientists. These laboratories usually receive 100 to 200 percent higher funding from CAS. Staff mobility, openness to outside researchers, graduate training, multi-institutional and international collaboration are stressed. National key laboratories are similar to, and took their lead from, CAS' open laboratories. In fact, all national key laboratories at CAS are also open laboratories. National key laboratories at CAS stress applied over basic research. While CAS has developed and runs open laboratories, most of the national key laboratories are run by the State Education Commission (SEDC). The basic difference between them is that open laboratories stress research and national key laboratories stress education (Abramson 1990).
The Global Environment Facility is a multilateral fund set up by governments, the World Bank, the United Nations Environment Program, and the United Nations Development Program to finance grants and low-interest loans to developing countries for projects related to global environment, for example, greenhouse gas response strategies, biodiversity action plans, and technology transfers.
NSFC funding covers only direct project costs.
The WDC-D subcenter for atmospheric data is located in the Information Office of this center.
The WDC-D subcenter for oceanography data is located in this institute.