research, analysis, and modeling to facilitate interdisciplinary research, analysis, and modeling at the regional level; (3) policy outreach to encourage the transfer of findings into policy, which will be accomplished in part by involving policy makers in network activities; (4) training to develop indigenous scientific capabilities through training, collaborative research, and scientific and technical cooperation; and (5) scientific cooperation and access through exchange and collaboration among RRNs and through dissemination of database directories and information about projects and network activities (IGBP 1992a).


Actual delineations of regional boundaries will be determined by "regional needs and desires, through discussions with appropriate representatives from the nations involved" (IGBP 1991).


The Global Environment Facility is a multilateral fund set up by governments, the World Bank, the United Nations Environment Program, and the United Nations Development Program to finance grants and low-interest loans to developing countries for projects related to global environment, for example, greenhouse gas response strategies, biodiversity action plans, and technology transfers.


China is not a member of ASEAN, and, consequently, will not receive funds from this particular GEF proposal to participate in Tropical Asian Monsoon regional efforts. However, China is welcome to participate in this region through other avenues, and these are being actively explored.


Original signatories to the agreement establishing the institute are Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Panama, Peru, United States, Uruguay, and Venezuela.


Information for this section is based on the March version of the draft "Proposal to the IGBP START Standing Committee to Establish a Global Change Regional Research Network for East Asia and Western Pacific Region" (CNCIGBP 1992). Since then, much progress has been made in developing and strengthening the proposal and in defining ways China can contribute to START. Discussions are ongoing with the START secretariat, including a recent visit to China by Thomas Rosswall, acting director of the secretariat.


Databases are maintained at the following WDC-D subcenters: earthquake data at the Department of Science and Technology, State Seismology Bureau; oceanography data at the Institute of Marine Scientific and Technological Information, SOA; atmospheric data at the Information Office, National Meteorological Center, SMA; geology data at the Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Ministry of Geology and Mineral Resources; renewable resources and the environment data at CISNAR, CAS; astronomy data at the Beijing Astronomical Observatory, CAS; glaciology and geocryology data at the Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, CAS; geophysical data at the Institute of Geophysics, CAS; and space science data at the Research Center for Space Science and Applications.


These exchanges were organized in close cooperation with the U.S. LTER Network. The CERN delegation's visit was jointly funded by the NSF U.S.-China Program and the NSF LTER Program.

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