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References

Bartell, S.M., R.H. Garner, and R.V. O'Neill. 1992. Ecological Risk Estimation. Boca Raton, Fla.: Lewis Publishers.


Costanza, R., F.H. Sklar, and M.L. White. 1990. Modeling coastal landscape dynamics. BioScience 40:91-107.


Dawson, W.R., J.D. Ligon, J.R. Murphy, J.P. Myers, D. Simberloff, and J. Verner. 1986. Report of the Scientific Advisory Panel on the Spotted Owl. The Condor 89(1):205--229. (Audubon Conservation Report 7). National Audubon Society, New York, N.Y.

DesVouges, W., and J. Skahen. 1985. Techniquest to Measure Damages to Natural Resources.


EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Science Advisory Board). 1990. Reducing Risk. EPA SAB-EC-90-021. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1992. Framework for Ecological Risk Assessment. EPA 630/R-92-001. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.


Fogarty, M.J., A.A. Rosenberg, and M.P. Sissenwine. 1992. Fisheries risk assessment: Sources of uncertainty. Environ. Sci. Technol. 26:440-447.


Gardner, R.H., R.V. O'Neill, J.B. Mankin, and H.H. Carney. 1981. A comparison of sensitivity analysis and error analysis based on a stream ecosystem model. Ecological Modeling 12:173-190.

Graham, R.L., C.T. Hunsaker, R.V. O'Neill, and B.L. Jackson. 1991.



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RECOMMENDATIONS 269 original typesetting files. Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. REFERENCES Bartell, S.M., R.H. Garner, and R.V. O'Neill. 1992. Ecological Risk Estimation. Boca Raton, Fla.: Lewis Publishers. Costanza, R., F.H. Sklar, and M.L. White. 1990. Modeling coastal landscape dynamics. BioScience 40:91-107. Dawson, W.R., J.D. Ligon, J.R. Murphy, J.P. Myers, D. Simberloff, and J. Verner. 1986. Report of the Scientific Advisory Panel on the Spotted Owl. The Condor 89(1):205--229. (Audubon Conservation Report 7). National Audubon Society, New York, N.Y. DesVouges, W., and J. Skahen. 1985. Techniquest to Measure Damages to Natural Resources. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Science Advisory Board). 1990. Reducing Risk. EPA SAB-EC-90-021. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1992. Framework for Ecological Risk Assessment. EPA 630/R-92-001. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. Fogarty, M.J., A.A. Rosenberg, and M.P. Sissenwine. 1992. Fisheries risk assessment: Sources of uncertainty. Environ. Sci. Technol. 26:440-447. Gardner, R.H., R.V. O'Neill, J.B. Mankin, and H.H. Carney. 1981. A comparison of sensitivity analysis and error analysis based on a stream ecosystem model. Ecological Modeling 12:173-190. Graham, R.L., C.T. Hunsaker, R.V. O'Neill, and B.L. Jackson. 1991.

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RECOMMENDATIONS 270 original typesetting files. Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. Ecological risk assessment at the regional scale. Ecol. App. 1:196-206. Grier, J. 1980. Modeling approaches to bald eagle population dynamics. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 8:316-322. Grigalunas, T.A., and J.J. Opaluch. 1991. Nonuse values under ambivalence: Theory and measurements of ill-defined preference orderings. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Economics Association, New Orleans, La. January. Hausman, J.A. 1991. Comments on economic methodologies for damage assessments. Paper presented at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Workshop on Economic Methodologies for Damage Assessments, Washington, D.C. November 20. Huggett, R.J., M.A. Unger, P.F. Seligman, and A.O. Valkirs. 1992. The marine biocide tributyltin. Environ. Sci. Technol. 26:232-237. Jassby, A.D., and T.M. Powell. 1990. Detecting changes in ecological time series. Ecology 71:2044-2052. Kendall, R.J. 1992. Farming with agrochemicals: The response of wildlife. Environ. Sci. Technol. 26:239-245. Lande, R. 1988. Demographic models of the northern spotted owl (Stix occidentalis caurina). Oecologia (Berlin) 75:601--607. Lindley, D.V. 1985. Making Decisions, 2nd ed. New York: Wiley. Mantel, N., and W.R. Bryan. 1961. Safety testing of carcinogenic agents. J. Nat. Canc. Inst. 27:455--470. NRC (National Research Council). 1981. Testing for Effects of Chemicals on Ecosystems. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC (National Research Council). 1983. Risk Assessment in the Federal Government: Managing the Process. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 191 pp. NRC (National Research Council). 1986. Ecological Knowledge and Environmental Problem- Solving: Concepts and Case Studies. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 388 pp. NRC (National Research Council). 1989. Improving Risk Communication: Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 332 pp. Opaluch, J.J., and K. Segerson. 1989. Rational roots of irrational behavior: New models of economic decision-making. Northeast J. of Agric. Resource Eco. 18:2 Orians, G.H., ed. 1990. The Preservation and Valuation of Biological Resources. Seattle, Wash.: The University of Washington Press.

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RECOMMENDATIONS 271 original typesetting files. Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. Raiffa, H. 1970. Decision Analysis: Introductory Lectures on Choices under Uncertainty. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley. Reckhow, K.H. 1990. Bayesian inference in non-replicated ecological studies. Ecology 71:2053-2059. Rosenthal, D.H., and R.H. Nelson. 1992. Why existence value should not be used in cost-benefit analysis. J. Policy Anal. Mgmt. 11:116--122. Salwasser, H. 1986. Conserving a regional spotted owl population. Pp. 227-247 in Ecological Knowledge and Environmental Problem-Solving. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Samuels, W.B., and A. Ladino. 1983. Calculation of seabird population recovery from potential oilspills in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States. Ecol. Model. 21:63-84. Scodari, P.F. 1990. Wetlands Protection: The Role of Economics. Environmental Law Institute, Washington, D.C. Suter, G.W., II, D.S. Vaughn, and R.H. Garner. 1983. Risk assessment by analysis of extrapolation error. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 2:369-378. Tipton, A.R., R.J. Kendall, J.F. Coyle, and P.F. Scanlon. 1980. A model of the impact of methyl parathion spraying on a quail population. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 25:586-593. Turner, M.G., and R.H. Gardner, eds. 1991. quantitative Methods in Landscape Ecology. New York: Springer-Verlag. Urban, J.D. and N.J. Cook. 1986. Ecological Risk Assessment: Standard Evaluation Procedures. EPA 540/9-85-001. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Hazard Evaluation Division, Washington, D.C. Available as NTIS PD 86-247-657. Von Winterfeldt, D., and W. Edwards. 1986. Decision Analysis and Behavioral Research. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Walters, C.J. 1986. Adaptive Management of Renewable Resources. New York: MacMillan. Yang, E., R. Dower, and M. Menefree. 1984. The Use of Economic Analysis for Valuing Natural Resource Damage.

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About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files. Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution.RECOMMENDATIONS 272