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Issues in Risk Assessment Appendix I References for Appendixes Abel, R., and others. 1986. Pp. 1314-1323 in Proceedings of IEEE Oceans '86 Organotin Symposium, Vol 4. Washington, D.C. Abbruzzese, B., S.G. Liebowitz, and R. Summer. 1990. A Synoptic Approach to Wetland Designation: A Case Study in Washington. EPA 600/3-90-006. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, Ore. Alzieu, C. 1986. Pp. 1130-1134 in Proceedings of IEEE Oceans '86 Organotin Symposium, Vol 4. Washington, D.C. Blunden S.J., and A. Chapman. 1982. Pp. 110-159 in Organometallic Compounds in the Environment, P.J. Craig, ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons. Burnham, K.P., D.R. Anderson, G.C. White, C. Brownie, and K.H. Pollock. 1987. Design and Analysis Methods For Fish Survival Experiments Based On Release-Recapture. American Fisheries Society Monograph 5. Carpenter, S.R. 1989. Replication and treatment strength in whole-lake experiments. Ecology 70:453-463. DeBach, P. 1974. Biological Control by Natural Enemies. London: Cambridge University Press. Endicott, D.D., W.L. Richardson, D.M. Di Toro. 1989. Lake Ontario TCDD Modeling Report. EPA Large Lakes Research Station, 9311 Groh Rd., Grosse Ile, Mich., 48138. Endicott, D.D., W.L. Richardson, T.F. Parkerton, D.M. Di Toro. 1990. A Steady State Mass Balance and Bioaccumulation Model for
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Issues in Risk Assessment Toxic Chemicals in Lake Ontario. Report to the Lake Ontario Toxics Management Committee. EPA Large Lakes Research Station, 9311 Groh Rd., Grosse Ile, Mich., 48138. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1982. Pesticide assessment guidelines. Subdivision E - Hazard Evaluation: Wildlife and Aquatic Organisms. Office of Pesticide and Toxic Substances, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Science Advisory Board). 1990. Reducing Risk. EPA SAB-EC-90-021. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1992a. Framework for Ecological Risk Assessment. EPA 630/R-92-001. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1992b. Peer Review Workshop Report on a Framework for Ecological Risk Assessment. EPA/625-91-022. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. Fite, E.C., L.W. Turner, N.J. Cook, C. Stunkard, and R.M. Lee. 1988. Guidance Document for Conducting Terrestrial Field Studies. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Ecological Effects Branch, Hazard Evaluation Division, Office of Pesticide Programs. Fogarty, M.J., R.K. Mayo, F.M. Serchuck, and F.P. Almeida. 1989. Trends In Aggregate Fish Biomass and Production On Georges Bank. NAFO SCR Doc. 89/81. North Atlantic Fisheries Organization Scientific Council. Foy, C.L., D.R. Forney, and W.E. Cooley. 1983. History of weed introductions. Chapter 4 in Exotic Plant Pests and North American Agriculture, C.L. Wilson and C.L. Graham, eds. New York: Academic Press. Franklin, A.B., J.P. Ward, R.J. Guitérrez, and G.I. Gould. 1990. Density of northern spotted owls in northwest California. J. Wildl. Mgmt. 54:1–10. Ginzburg, L.R., L.B. Slobodkin, K. Johnson, and A.G. Bindman. 1982. Quasi-extinction probabilities as a measure of impact on population growth. Risk Anal. 2:171–181. Grosslein, M.D., R.W. Langton, and M.P. Sissenwine. 1980. Recent fluctuations in pelagic fish stocks of the northwest Atlantic, Georges Bank, region. Rapp. P.-v Reun. Cons. Int. Explor. Mer
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Issues in Risk Assessment 177:374–404. Hooper, M.J., P. Detrich, C. Weisskopf, and B.W. Wilson. 1989. Organophosphate exposure in hawks inhabiting orchards during winter dormant-spraying. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 42:651–659. Howarth, F.G. 1991. Environmental impacts of classical biological control. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 36:485–509. Huggett, R.J., M.A. Unger, P.F. Seligman, and A.O. Valkirs. 1992. The marine biocide tributyltin. Environ. Sci. Technol. 26:232-237. Kendall, R.J. 1992. Farming with agrochemicals: The response of wildlife. Environ. Sci. Technol. 26:239-245. Kendall, R.J., L.W. Brewer, T.E. Lacher, B.T. Marden, and M.L. Whitten. 1989. The Use of Starling Nest Boxes for Field Reproductive Studies: Provisional Guidance Document and Technical Support Document. EPA/600/8-89/056. Available as NTIS Publication No. PB89 195 028/AS. Kimerle, R.A., W.E. Gledhill, and G.J. Levinskas. 1978. Environmental safety assessment of the new materials. In Estimating the Hazard of Chemical Substances to Aquatic Life, K. Dickson, A. Maki, and J. Cairns, eds. ASTM STP 657. American Society for Testing and Materials. NAPAP (National Acidic Precipitation Assessment Program). 1989. Acidic Deposition: State of the Science and Technology, Vol. II. Aquatic Processes and Effects. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. December. NRC (National Research Council). 1983. Risk Assessment in the Federal Government: Managing the Process. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 191 pp. NRC (National Research Council). 1986. Ecological Knowledge and Environmental Problem-Solving: Concepts and Case Studies. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 388 pp. NRC (National Research Council). 1989. Improving Risk Communication. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 332 pp. Peterman, R.M., and M.J. Bradford. 1987. Statistical power of trends in fish abundance. Canad. J. Fish. Aquatic Sci. 44:1879-1889. Pimentel, D., C. Glenister, S. Fast, and D. Gallahan. 1984. Environmental risks of biological pest controls. Oikos 42:283-290. Sailer, R.I. 1983. History of insect introductions. Ch. 2 in Exotic Plant Pests and North American Agriculture. New York: Academic
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Issues in Risk Assessment Press. Salwasser, H. 1986. Conserving a regional spotted owl population. Pp. 227-247 in Ecological Knowledge and Environmental Problem-Solving. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Schindler, D.W., K.H. Mills, D.F. Malley, D.L. Findlay, J.A. Shearer, I.J. Davies, M.A. Turner, G.A. Lindsey, and D.R. Cruikshank. 1985. Long-term ecosystem stress: The effects of years of experimental acidification on a small lake. Science 228:1395-1401. Schweer, G., and P. Jennings. 1990. Integrated risk assessment for dioxins and furans from chlorine bleaching in pulp and paper mills. EPA 560/5-90-011. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. SETAC (Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry). 1987. Research Priorities in Environmental Risk Assessment. Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Pensacola, Fla. Sissenwine, M.P., and J.G. Shepherd. 1987. An alternative perspective on recruitment overfishing and biological reference points. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 44:913–918. Thomann, R.V., and D.M. Di Toro. 1983. Physico-chemical model of toxic substances in the Great Lakes. J. Great Lakes Res. 9(4):474–496. Thomann, R.V. and J.P. Connolly. 1983. A model of PCB in the Lake Michigan lake trout food chain. Environ. Sci. Tech. 18(2):65–71.