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56 REFERENCES American Academy of Dermatology. 1975. Systemic antibiotics for treatment of acne vulgaris. Efficacy and safety. Compiled by the Ad Hoc Committee on the Use of Antibiotics in Dermatology, Division of Research, National Program for Dermatology. Arch. Denmatol. 111:1630-1636. Anderson, E. S. 1968a. Drug resistance in Salmonella typhimurium and its implications. Br. Med. J. 3:333-339. Anderson, E. S. 1968b. The ecology of transferable drug resistance in the enterobacteria. Annul Rev. Microbial. 22:131-180. Anderson, E. S., and N. Datta. 1965. Resistance to penicillins and its transfer in Enterobacteriaceae. Lancet 1:407-409. Animal Health Institute. 1979. 1979 Feed Additive Compendium. The Miller Publishing Company, Minneapolis, Mn. 366 pp. Betinova, M. 1972. Incidence of antibiotic resistant staphylococci in humans from different environments in Slovakia. Pp. 385-390 in V. Krcmery, L. Rosival, and T. Watanabe, eds. Bacterial Plasmids and Antibiotic Resistance. First International Sympo- sium. Infectious Antibiotic Resistance. Castle of Smolenice, Czechoslovakia, 1971. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, and New York. Braude, R. 1978. Antibiotics in animal feeds in Great Britain. J. Anim. Sci. 46:1425-1436. Brumfitt, W., D. S. Reeves, M. C. Faiers, and N. Datta. 1971. Antibiotic-resistant Escherichia cold causing urinary-tract infection in general practice: Relation to faecal flora. Lancet 1:315-317. Bulling, E., R. Stephan, and V. Sebek. 1973. [In German; English abstract.] Die Entwicklung der Antibiotika-resistenz van Salmonellabakterien tierischer Herkunft in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland einschl. Berlin (West). 1. Mitteiling: Ein Ver- gleich Zwischen 1961 und 1970-71. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Para- sitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg., I. Abt. Orig Reihe A 225:245-256.

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58 Food and Drug Administration. 1972. Report to the Commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration by the FDA Task Force on the Use of Antibiotics in Animal Feeds. Bureau of Veterinary Med- icine, Food and Drug Administration, Department of Health, Edu- cation, and Welfare, Rockville, Md. 21 pp. Food and Drug Administration. 1978. Draft Environmental Impact Statement--Subtherapeutic Antibacterial Agents in Animal Feeds. Bureau of Veterinary Medicine, Food and Drug Administration, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Rockville, Md. [371 + xviii] pp. Goldberg, H. S., R. N. Goodman, J. T. Logue, and F. P. Handler. 1961. Long-term, lo~level antibiotics and the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in human volunteers. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 80-88. Guinee, P., N. Ugueto, and N. van Leeuwen. 1970. Escherichia cold with resistance factors in vegetarians, babies, and nonvegetar- ians. Appl. Microbiol. 20:531-535. Haight, T. H., and W. E. Pierce. 1954. Influence of small doses of antibiotics on the weight behavior of young males. J. Lab. Clin. Med. 44:807-808. Hartley, C. L., and M. H. Richmond. 1975. Antibiotic resistance and survival of E. cold in the alimentary tract. Br. J. Med. 4:71-74. Hirsh, D. C., and N. Wiger. 1977. Effect of tetracycline upon transfer of an R plasmid from calves to human beings. Am. T Vet. Res. 38:1137-1139. Hirsh, D. C., G. C. Burton, and D. C. Blenden. 1974. The effect of tetracycline upon establishment of Escherichia cold of bovine origin in the enteric tract of man. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 37:327- 333. Huber, W. G. 1971. The impact of antibiotic drugs and their residues. Adv. Vete Sci. Comp. Med. 15:101-132. Jukes, T. H. 1973. Public health significance of feeding low levels of antibiotics to animals. Adv. Appl. Microbiol. 16:1-30. Kass, E. H. 1978. Horatio at the orifice: The significance of bac teriuria. J. Infect. Dis. 138:546-557.

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