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REFERENCES Adelman, K. L., and Norman R. Augustine. 1992. Defense conversion—bulldozing the management. Foreign Affairs71(2):26–47. Adler, Paul A. 1993. Time-and-motion regained. Harvard Business Review (January–February); 97–108. Alic, John A., Lewis M. Branscomb, Harvey Brooks, Ashton B. Carter and Gerald L. Epstein. 1992. Beyond Spinoff: Military and Commercial Technologies in a Changing World. Boston, Mass.: Harvard Business School Press. Armstrong, John A. 1993. Research and Competitiveness: The Problems of a New Rationale. The Bridge23(1) (in press). Baily, Martin N., and Robert Z. Lawrence. 1990. The Incentive Effects of the New R&E Tax Credit. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution. Baily, Martin N., and Robert Z. Lawrence. 1991. The Impact of Section 861-8 on America's R&D Performers. Paper. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution. Baily Martin N., and Robert Z. Lawrence. 1992. Tax Policies for R&D: What Do the Data Tell Us?Study prepared for the Council on Research and Technology, Washington, D.C. Barkan, Philip. 1991. Productivity in the Process of Product Development—An Engineering Perspective. Paper, revision of Feb. 15. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif. Bebb, H. Barry. 1990. Quality Design Engineering—The Missing Link in U.S. Competitiveness. Prepublication draft. March. Xerox Corporation, Webster, N.Y. Berggren, Christian, Torsten Björkman, and Ernst Hollander. 1991. Are they unbeatable?Stockholm, Sweden. Bergsten, C. Fred, and Edward M. Graham. 1993. Global corporations and national governments: Are changes needed in the international economic and political order in light of the globalization of business. Washington, D.C.: Institute for International Economics. Bloch, Erich. 1991. Toward a U.S. Technology Strategy: Enhancing Manufacturing Competitiveness. The Manufacturing Forum. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Bowen, H. Kent 1992. Implementation projects: Decisions and expenditures, Pp. 93–99 in Manufacturing Systems: Foundations of World-Class Practice. Committee on Foundations of Manufacturing, National Academy of Engineering. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

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