Australia, 16

AZT, 93, 94, 96

B

B-cells, 68, 69, 71-72

Babai, Laszlo, 326

Bacteria

DNA synthesis, 101, 120-121

gyrase, 121

life cycle, 67, 101

toxins, 67

see also individual bacteria

Bahcall, John, 22, 25

Bakun, Bill, 155, 166, 167

Balykin, V. I., 49

Barium ion, trapping, 50

Bartol Research Institute, 13

Bell, Stephen, 111, 113, 114-115

Benzene, 279, 318

Berger, Jonathan, 22

Berns, Michael, 58

Beryllium-7, 22

Bethe, Hans, 21

Bethune, Donald S., 260, 263, 264, 266-274, 277-279, 283, 284, 285

Beylkin, Gregory, 226, 228

Big Bang, 5

Big Bear Solar Observatory, 12

Binnig, Gerd, 37-38

Biological switches, 311

Biology, atomic manipulation in, 56-58

Bloom's syndrome, 122

Bohr, Niels, 19, 236

Bolide impacts, 324, 325

Bolt, Bruce, 158, 163, 182, 186

BOREXINO neutrino detector, 31

Born, Max, 236

Boron-8, 22, 23, 25

Bose condensation, 56

Botchan, Michael, 113-114

Bovine papillomavirus, 114

Brenner, Sydney, 105

Brillinger, David, 171

Brookhaven National Laboratory, 238, 241, 242, 243, 314

Brown, Russ, 311

Brown, Timothy, 12, 16

Brown University, 131, 147-148, 188

Brune, Jim, 188, 193

Brus, Louis, 321-322

Buckminsterfullerenes (buckyballs)

attempted synthesis, 263

bond lengths, 274

cesium-doped, 282

chromatography column, 276

commercial importance, 258-259, 275-277

compression effects, 278-279

diameter, 274

discovery, 258

infrared analyses, 277

insulating properties, 280

ionized, 287

magnets, 285

mass spectral analyses, 277

name, 265-266

NMR testing, 269, 271-273

optical properties, 285

phase transition, 274

photographing, 269, 274-275

polymers, 285

potassium-doped, 280-282

production and trapping of, 266-269, 275-277

Raman spectrum, 269, 270-271, 279

rocket propellant from, 285-286

rubidium-doped, 282

solid-state spin, 273-274

in shungite, 287

strength, 285-286

structure, 259, 261, 263, 265, 266, 271

superconductivity, 280-282

uses, 279-286

vibrational frequencies, 270-271

x-ray crystallography, 274, 277

Buckyclutcher I, 276

Buckyonions, 278

Buckytubes, 277-278

Byerlee, James, 187

C

Calcium, 283

California, 16

earthquake probabilities, 180-181

seismicity, 163-164, 177, 178, 187

see also Earthquakes;

San Andreas Fault

California Institute of Technology, 5, 7, 12, 171, 238, 317, 322

Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 135, 316-317

Cambridge University, 4

Canada, 30

Canary Islands, 16

Cancer

breast, 107

colon, 314

defined, 106

drug development approaches, 106-107

onco-proteins, 108

protein diagnostic, 314

skin, 122

Carbon

chains in outer space, 286-287

crystalline forms, 258, 261-262, 277

fiber technology, 278

reactivity, 265

versatility, 261

See also Buckminsterfullerenes;

Fullerenes

Carbon, John, 112

Carbon dioxide, 44, 126, 171

Carbon monoxide, 41, 44

Carnegie Institution of Washington, 147, 298-299

Carnegie-Mellon University, 30

Carr, Chavela, 311

Catalysts, 44, 292

Cavendish laboratory (Great Britain), 18

cdc-2 kinase, 103

Cells

catalyst, 292

cycle, 99, 100-103, 104, 111, 114, 115



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