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Glossary of Chinese Terms

The following Chinese terms, used in China Bound, are listed below for quick reference.

Chinese word (pinyin) Meaning

ayi

female helper

biaozhun

grade or standard

cesuo

toilet

chunjie

"Spring Festival," or Lunar New Year, which symbolically marks the end of winter

danwei

Chinese work unit

dong chuang

chilblains

fen

local currency (the Chinese penny)

fudao

private tutoring

fuwufei

service fees (in research)

fuwuyuan

service personnel

gaoji jinxiusheng

senior advanced student

getihu

"privately owned" (restaurants, etc.)

gonganju

Public Security Bureau

guanlifei

administrative costs (in field research)

guanxi

personal connection, relationship

jiao

local currency (the Chinese dime)

jiating

family

juan

fascicles (of research material)

kuai

Chinese dollar (colloquial)

laobaixing

ordinary Chinese people (literally, old hundred names")



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OCR for page 155
CHINA BOUND: A Guide to Academic Life and Work in the PRC Glossary of Chinese Terms The following Chinese terms, used in China Bound, are listed below for quick reference. Chinese word (pinyin) Meaning ayi female helper biaozhun grade or standard cesuo toilet chunjie "Spring Festival," or Lunar New Year, which symbolically marks the end of winter danwei Chinese work unit dong chuang chilblains fen local currency (the Chinese penny) fudao private tutoring fuwufei service fees (in research) fuwuyuan service personnel gaoji jinxiusheng senior advanced student getihu "privately owned" (restaurants, etc.) gonganju Public Security Bureau guanlifei administrative costs (in field research) guanxi personal connection, relationship jiao local currency (the Chinese dime) jiating family juan fascicles (of research material) kuai Chinese dollar (colloquial) laobaixing ordinary Chinese people (literally, old hundred names")

OCR for page 155
CHINA BOUND: A Guide to Academic Life and Work in the PRC Laowufei work compensation fees (in field research) Liuxuesheng bangongshi/liuban The Foreign Student Affairs Office Luxingshe China Travel Service Mao Chinese dime (colloquial) maotai a strong Chinese liquor mian'ao cotton padded jacket (same as mianyi) mianbaoche mini-buses (literally, "bread trucks," named for their shape) miandi yellow minivan taxis neibu "internal" or classified materials that cannot leave the country neiwai youbie difference between "insiders" and "outsiders" and the treatment thereof paidui to line up pipa a Chinese guitar-like musical instrument renminbi local currency, Chinese dollar (same denomination as yuan) shaobing Sesame-seed cake shifu Term of address used for Chinese service personnel suibian Casual taijiquan a kind of traditional Chinese shadowboxing tiaojie jia the "adjusted rate" of monetary exchange, higher than the official rate available at the Bank of China tongxue Schoolmates waihuijuan Foreign Exchange Certificates (FEC) (no longer printed) waishi banshichu/waiban The Foreign Affairs Office wen ya dian yuan Surge protector xian County xiang Township xiuxi rest, as in the rest period from noon until 1:30 or 2:00 p.m. xitong the larger system of which the danwei is a component, such as the CAS, CASS, or SEDC youtiao fried dough sticks, most often eaten with shaobing and/or doujiang (soybean milk) for breakfast in North China yuan local currency, Chinese dollar (same denomination as renminbi)