TABLE A-12 Documentation of Nutrient Requirements of Bobwhite Quail

Nutrient and Estimated Requirement

Age Period (Days)

Response Criteria

References

Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg

2,850–3,170

0–5

Growth, energy consumption, feed efficiency

Wilson et al., 1977

Protein, %

28

0–8

Growth, liveability

Baldini et al., 1950

20

0–6

Growth, liveability

Baldini et al., 1953

26.5

0–4

Growth, feed efficiency, feathering

Scott et al., 1963

28

0–6

Growth

Andrews et al., 1973

20

6–9

Growth

Andrews et al., 1973

26

0–5

Growth, feed efficiency

Serafin, 1977

24

0–5

Growth, feed efficiency

Serafin, 1982

Methionine + cystine, %

1.0

0–5

Growth

Serafin, 1982

Calcium, %

0.65

0–6

Growth, liveability, bone ash

Wilson et al., 1972

2.3

Sexually mature

Egg production, eggshell thickness, fertility, hatchability

Dewitt et al., 1949

2.4

Sexually mature

Egg production, eggshell thickness, fertility

Cain et al., 1982

Nonphytate phosphorus, %

0.8

Sexually mature

Egg production, fertility, hatchability, liveability of offspring

Dewitt et al., 1949

0.40

0–6

Growth, liveability, tibia ash

Scott et al., 1958b

0.28

6–12

Growth, liveability, bone ash

Scott et al., 1958b

0.45

0–6

Growth, liveability, bone ash

Wilson et al., 1972

0.35

0–6

Growth, bone ash

Powell et al., 1974

>0.70

Sexually mature

Egg production, egg shell thickness, fertility

Cain et al., 1982

Vitamin A, IU/kg

8,800

0–10

Growth, liveability

Nestler, 1946

13,200

Sexually mature

Reproduction, survival of offspring

Nestler, 1946

Riboflavin, mg/kg

3.8

0–5

Growth, feed efficiency, liveability

Serafin, 1974

Pantothenic acid, mg/kg

10

0–4

Growth, liveability, feathering, leg development

Scott et al., 1964

12.6

0–5

Growth, feed efficiency, liveability

Serafin, 1974

Niacin, mg/kg

31

0–5

Growth, feed efficiency, liveability

Serafin, 1974

Choline, mg/kg

1,500

0–5

Growth, feed efficiency, liveability

Serafin, 1974



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