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Managing Global Genetic Resources: Agricultural Crop Issues and Policies Abbreviations ARS Agricultural Research Service (U.S. Department of Agriculture), United States AVRDC Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center, Taiwan BGASC Barley Genetic and Aneuploid Stock Collection, United States CAC crop advisory committee CATIE Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (Tropical Agriculture Research and Training Center), Costa Rica CENARGEN Centro Nacional de Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia (National Center for Genetic Resources and Biotechnology), Brazil CGIAR Consultative Group on International Agricultural, United States CIAT Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (International Center for Tropical Agriculture), Colombia CIMMYT Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo (International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center), Mexico CIP Centro Internacional de la Papa (International Potato Center, Peru
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Managing Global Genetic Resources: Agricultural Crop Issues and Policies CMGS Committee for the Maintenance of Genetic Stocks, United States CRRI Central Rice Research Institute, India CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Australia DNA deoxyribonucleic acid EC European Community (collective name given to the consolidation of the European coal and steel community, the Common Market, and the European Atomic Energy Community), Belgium ECP/GR European Cooperative Program for Crop Genetic Resources Networks EEC European Economic Community (Common Market), Belgium EUCARPIA European Association for Research on Plant Breeding, The Netherlands FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Italy FAST Forecasting and Assessment in the field of Science and Technology, Belgium GED Global Environment Facility (implemented jointly by the World Bank, the United Nations Environment Program, and the United Nations Development Program) GRIN Germplasm Resources Information Network (U.S. Department of Agriculture), United States HYV high-yielding variety IARC international agricultural research center IARI Indian Agricultural Research Institute, India IBPGR International Board for Plant Genetic Resources, Italy ICDA International Coalition for Development Action, Belgium ICTA Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnologi Agricola, Guatemala IITA International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Nigeria IRRI International Rice Research Institute, The Philippines IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (currently known as the World Conservation Union), Switzerland
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Managing Global Genetic Resources: Agricultural Crop Issues and Policies LAMP Latin American Maize Project MiCIC Microbial Culture Information Service, United Kingdom MINE Microbial Information Network Europe (European Economic Community), Belgium MIRCENS microbial resources centers MSDN Microbial Strain Data Network, United Kingdom NPGS National Plant Germplasm System (U.S. Department of Agriculture), United States OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, France PCR polymerase chain reaction PI Plant Introduction Number PORIM Palm Oil Research Institute of Malaysia PRECODEPA Programa Regional Cooperativa de Papa (Cooperative Regional Potato Program) PVP plant variety protection PVPA U.S. Plant Variety Protection Act PVPC Plant Variety Protection Certificate RFLP restriction fragment length polymorphism TGSC Charles M. Rick Tomato Genetics Resource Center, United States UPOV Union for the Protection of New Varieties; also, Union Internationale pour la Protection des Obtentions Vegetales (International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants), Switzerland USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture WARDA West Africa Rice Development Association, Ivory Coast WDC World Data Center for Microorganisms, United States WFCC World Federation for Culture Collections, United Kingdom
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