TABLE 2 Comparison of Labor and Energy Input for Production and Maintenance of a 10- and 20-Year Lifetime Car (excluding operation)

 

10-Year Lifetime Car(Today)

20-Year Lifetime Car(Possible Future)

Change from 10- to 20-Year Lifetime Car

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

For the Average European Car

per car

per car/yr

Δ*

per car

per car/yr

per car

per car/yr

Energy consumption

(in Toe)

(in Toe)

 

(in Toe)

(in Toe)

(%)

(%)

In basic materials (57%)

0.85

0.85

20

1.020

0.051

 

 

In manufacturing (43%)

0.65

0.065

10

0.715

0.035

 

 

Total Energy Consumption. (transport during production phase was ignored as it represented a low %, i.e., 3 to 4%)

1.5

0.150

16

1.735

0.067

+ 16

-42

Labor

(in man years)

(in man years)

 

(in man years)

(in man years)

(%)

(%)

In basic materials

0.03

0.003

10

0.033

0.0016

 

 

In manufacturing

0.11

0.011

20

0.132

0.0066

 

 

In production

0.14

0.014

 

0.165

0.0062

+18

-41

In maintenance and repair

0.020

50

0.030

 

 

In reconditioning

 

0,015

 

 

Total labor

0.034

 

0.0532

 

+56

NOTES: Toe = tons of oil equivalent; Δ* = % increase of column 4 over column 1.

SOURCE: Stahel and Reday (1976/1980).



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