environmental attorney and senior environmental attorney for AT&T from 1984 to 1993. During 1992 he was the J. Herbert Hollomon Fellow at the National Academy of Engineering in Washington, D.C. He currently chairs the American Electronics Association Design for Environment Task Force and is vice-chair of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Committee on the Environment.

FREDERICK R. ANDERSON, of the Washington, D.C., law firm Cadwalader, Wickersham, and Taft, is former dean of the law school and Ann Loeb Bronfman Professor of Law at American University. Anderson is a nationally recognized authority on environmental law. In addition to writing, teaching, and testifying on a broad range of matters involving science, natural resources, and the environment, Anderson practices in the areas of air, water, and hazardous substance pollution, the environmental aspects of energy production and real estate development, natural resources management, environmental compliance and cleanup, and administrative law. In 1970 Anderson was the founding president of the Environmental Law Institute and is currently chairman of the Institute's Advisory Council. He was the first editor-in-chief of the Environmental Law Reporter. For several years he was chairman of the American Bar Association's Standing Committee on Environmental Law. He served on a twelve-member congressional study commission created by the Superfund legislation to examine toxic tort recovery for injury from hazardous substances. Anderson currently chairs a broad-based advisory group that is attempting on behalf of the U.S. Sentencing Commission to draft sentencing guidelines for individuals and organizations convicted of environmental offenses. He also serves as a member of the National Research Council's Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology. Anderson graduated summa cum laude from the University of North Carolina with a B.A. in the history of science. He holds law degrees from Harvard University and Oxford University, where he was a Marshall Scholar.

ROBERT U. AYRES was professor of Engineering and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University from 1979 through May 1992. In September 1992 he became Sandoz Professor of Environment and Management at the European Institute for Business Administration (INSEAD), Fountainbleau, France. His current research and teaching interests focus mainly on "industrial metabolism" and the impacts of technological change and public policy initiatives in response to environmental concerns. Ayres graduated from the University of Chicago (B.A. 1952, B.S. 1954) in mathematics, then did graduate work in physics at Maryland (M.S. 1956) and Kings College, University of London (Ph.D. 1958). This was followed by postdoctoral research in physics at Maryland and Yeshiva University from 1960 to 1962. In 1962 Ayres joined the staff of the Hudson Institute, where he worked on environmental problems until 1967. After a year as a visiting scholar at Resources for the Future, Inc. (1967/68) he cofounded a research and consulting firm in Washington, D.C., to perform studies for the U.S. government. He has published



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