in fossil fuel consumption, 40-41, 42-43, 55-56

non-energy production sources, 57 n.1

rate of increase, 123

world fossil fuel emissions, 54

Chemical engineering design paradigms, 218-220, 223-225

Chlorofluorocarbons, 33-34, 37 n.4, 114, 142, 210-211

Chromium

chromated coatings, 209-210

in industrial waste stream, 73-74

Citizen's Clearinghouse for Hazardous Wastes, 120 n.1

Clean Air Act, 43, 102, 104-105, 210

Closed-system material flow, 25-27

Coal energy, 36, 55-56

methane emissions, 42

Coalition of Northeastern Governors, 206

Commerce, Department of, 129

Concurrent engineering, 11, 12

Consumer protection laws, 5

Consumerism, environmental, 140, 165

in government purchasing, 163

in product design process, 173

Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution from Land-Based Sources, 114

Copper, recoverability, 78

Cross-functional teams, 12, 204

D

Defense, Department of, 149, 150-151, 160

Deforestation, 57 n.1

Design for Environment, 14-15

AT&T telephone, case study, 171-177

benefits to industry, 140

in developing nations, 63

in electronics industry, 209, 212-213

goals of, 139, 204, 208

implementation, 139-140, 141-146

in international environmental law, 114

in life cycle analysis, 141, 201

materials flows in, 138-139

matrix system, 141, 142-144, 147

pollution prevention in, 98

product destination and, 171-172

system testing, 146-147

as systems approach, 140-141

vs. pollution prevention, 140

Design for X, 11, 139, 171, 204-205

Developing nations

Design for Environment practices in, 63

energy use in, 46, 49-50

in global energy system evolution, 57, 62-63

technology transfer agreements, 115

transition to energy sustainability, 8, 40

Dissipative loss, 31

Draft Ministerial Declaration for the Second World Climate Conference , 114

E

Earth, evolution as system, 27-28

Economic Summit of Industrialized Nations (1990), 114

Economic theory

case studies in modeling of, 64-65

intergenerational equity in, 91-92

motivation for pollution prevention, 100-107

role of, 61-62

safe minimum standard in, 93-97

sustainability accounts in, 234

utilization-oriented economy, 181-190

valuation in industrial vs. service economy, 178

Educational system

engineering curriculum, 225-226

in industrial ecosystem evolution, 16-17

role in industrial ecology, 230, 237-239

Electrification, 48-49, 55

Electronics industry

chlorofluorocarbons in, 210-211

chromated coatings in, 209-210

Design for Environment in, 209, 212-213

structure, 208

technological development in, 208-209

Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act, 117

Energy, Department of, 129



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