TABLE 2 Estimates of Sulfur Oxide Emissions from Fossil Fuel Combustion by Region in 1980 According to Three Sources

 

 

(106 tons of SO2)

 

 

 

Region

UNEP/WHO

UN/ECE

Combined

World Modela

1

High-Income North America

27.81b

27.85b

 

23.97

2

Newly Industrializing Latin America

na

na

 

4.20

3

Other Latin America

na

na

 

1.00

4

High-Income Western Europe

18.24

13.52

18.44

15.80

5

Medium-Income Western Europe

4.46

3.92

5.45

6.40

6

Eastern Europe

12.57

8.83

14.07

25.70

7

Former USSR

na

12.80

 

23.80

 

 

 

25.00c

 

 

8

Centrally Planned Asia

14.21

na

 

13.66

9

Japan

1.64

1.26

 

1.60

10

Newly Industrializing Asia

na

na

 

2.00

11

Low-Income Asia

2.23

na

 

2.44

12

Major Oil Producers

0.20

na

 

0.84

13

Other Middle East and North Africa

0.29

na

 

0.73

14

Sub-Saharan Africa

na

na

 

0.33

15

Southern Africa

na

na

 

2.04

16

Oceania

1.48

na

 

1.47

NOTES: na = not available.

1. The UNEP/WHO and UN/ECE estimates often do not cover all countries in each region. The coverage of activities is not uniform. Some countries, notably the United States, include industrial emissions from sources other than combustion.

2. Three regions are covered by both sources but with significant geographic gaps. In the column called ''combined" we have aggregated the emissions for countries reported in only one of the sources and the higher of the two estimates, so as to include more economic activities, for countries included in both.

a Corresponds to figures in the first column of panel b in Table 1.

b Includes emissions from activities other than combustion.

c Obtained from McCormick (1985).

SOURCES: Duchin et al. (1994) based on: UN Environment Program (UNEP) and World Health Organization (WHO), 1988, Assessment of Urban Quality, p. 90, New York: UN; UN Statistical Commission and the Economic Commission for Europe (ECE), 1987, National Strategies and Policies for Air Pollution Abatement, Table I-15, New York: UN; McCormick, J. 1985, Acid Earth. Washington, D.C.: International Institute for Environment.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement