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APPENDIX A Acronyms ACN American College of Nutrition ACS American Cancer Society ADA American Dietetic Association ADA Adenosine deaminase AHA American Heart Association AIDS Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIN American Institute of Nutrition A) CN American Journal of Clinical Nutrition ALS Amylotrophic lateral sclerosis AMD Age-related macular degeneration AMP Adenosine monophosphate AMPA/KA Alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic aci Panic acid APL Acute promyelocytic leukemia AREA Agricultural Research Enhancement Awards, USDA ARS Agricultural Research Service, USDA AS C N American S ociety for Clinical Nutrition BA Board on Agriculture, NRC BBB Blood-brain barrier BHA Butylated hydroxyanisole BEIT Butylated hydroxytoluene BMI Body mass index 281 id/

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282 BST C Ca CAT CCK CDC cDNA CHD CNRU CNS CRGO CRIS CSF CSRS Cu DHHS DNA DNRC EFS ELISA ES EPR ESR FACS FASEB FCCST FDA FD&C FFQ FH FIC FNB ENS FSIS FY g APPENDIX A Bovine somatotropin Carbon Calcium Chloramphenicol acetyltransferase Cholecystokinin Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, DHHS Complementary DNA Coronary Heart Disease Clinical Nutrition Research Unit, NIH Central nervous system Comptetitive Research Grants Office, USDA Current Research Information System, USDA Cerebrospinal fluid Cooperative State Research Service, USDA Copper U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Deoxyribonucleic acid Division of Nutrition Research Coordination, NIH Ensuring Food Safety, USDA Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay Embryo-derived stem cells Electron paramagnetic resonance Electron spin resonance Fluorescence-activated cell sorting Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biol- ogy Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering, and Technology Food and Drug Administration, DHHS Food, Drug & Cosmetic (for coloring agents) Food frequency questionnaire Familial hypercholesterolemia Fogarty International Center, NIH Food and Nutrition Board, IOM, NAS Food and Nutrition Service, USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service, USDA 1 Flsca1 year Gram

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ACRONYMS 2S3 GABA Gamma amino butyric acid GNP Gross National Product H Hydrogen HACCP Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points HDL EIigh-(lensity lipoprotein HNRC Human Nutrition Research Center, USDA HNRIMS Human Nutrition Research Information Management System, NIH HMG-CoA 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A H2O2 Hydrogen peroxide ICNHR Interagency Committee on Human Nutrition Research IDL Intermediate-density lipoprotein IFT Institute for Food Technologists IgA Immunoglobulin A IgE Immunoglobulin E IgG Immunoglobulin G IHNOFI Improving Human Nutrition for Optimal Health, USDA IL Interleukin IOM Institute of Medicine IRE Iron-responsive elements IRE-BP Iron-responsive-element-binding protein IU International Units kcal Kilocalorie kg Kilogram LBM Lean body mass Lbs Pounds LDL Low-density lipoprotein M.D. Medical doctor mEq Milliequivalents mg Milligram MHI Minority Health Initiative, NIH mRNA Messenger RNA N Nitrogen NaC1 Sodium chloride NAS National Academy of Sciences NCEP National Cholesterol Education Program, NIH NCI National Cancer Institute, NIH

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284 NCNR NCRR NE NEI NHANES NHLBI NIA NIADDK NIAID NIAMS APPENDIX A National Center for Nursing Research, NIH National Center for Research Resources, NIH Norepinephrine National Eye Institute, NIH National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, DHHS National Heart, Lung, and Blooc! Institute, NIH National Institute on Aging, NIH National Institute of Arthritis, Diabetes, and Digestive and Kidney Diseases National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Dis- eases, NIH NIDCD National Institute on Deafness and Other Communica tion Disorders NICHD National Institute for Child Health and Development, NIH NIDDK National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH NIDDM Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus NIDR National Institute of Dental Research, NIH NIEHS National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH NIGMS National Institute of General Meclical Sciences, NIH NIH National Institutes of Health, DHHS NINCDS National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke, NIH NINDS National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH N MDA N-methyl-D-aspartic acid N M R Nuclear magnetic resonance NRC National Research Council, NAS NRICGP National Research Initiative Competitive Grants Program, USDA NRSA National Research Service Awards, NIH NSF National Science Foundation NSLP National Schoo! Lunch Program NTD Neural tube defect O Oxygen ONFS Opportunities in the Nutrition and Food Sciences ONRC Office of Nutrition Research Coordination, NIH ORT Oral rehydration therapy OSEP Office of Science and Engineering Personnel, NRC OSTP Office of Science anc] Technology Policy, Executive Of fice of the President

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ACRONYMS p PCR PET pH PHS PKU PST PTC PTH PUFA Phosphorus Polymerase chain reaction Positron emission tomography Hydrogen ion concentration Public Health Service, DHHS Phenylketonuria Porcine somatotropin Plant tissue culture Parathyroid hormone Polyunsaturated fatty acid RAR Retinoic acid receptor R.D. Registered Dietitian RDA Recommended Dietary Allowance RFA Requests for applications HELP Restriction fragment length polymorphism RNA RPE RRC RRC Ribonucleic acid Retinal pigment epithelium Regional Research Center, USDA Report Review Committee, NRC, NAS SCORS Specialized Centers of Research TNF '' 285 rumor necrosis factor UNICEF United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund U.S. United States USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USRDA U.S. Recommendect Daily Allowance VLDL Very-Iow-density lipoprotein WIC WHA WHO Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children, USDA Women's Health Agenda, NIH World Health Organization 5HT 5-hydroxy-tryptophan (serotonin)