Vietnam. Nancy Dalager, Environmental Epidemiology Service, DVA, summarized the DVA's research efforts on Vietnam veterans. William Farland, Office of Health and Environmental Assessment, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), briefed the committee on the EPA's reassessment of dioxin. Upon invitation of the chairman, several other participants provided statements to the committee, including Admiral E.R. Zumwalt, Jr., Agent Orange Coordinating Council; Richard Christian, American Legion; and Laura Petrou, office of Senator Thomas Daschle.

Public Meeting (September 9, 1992)

The committee held a public meeting on September 9, 1992, in Washington, D.C., to solicit scientific information on the health effects of exposure to dioxin and other chemical compounds in herbicides used in Vietnam during the Vietnam era. In order to reach a broad range of interested individuals, notices of the public meeting were sent to nearly 1,000 members of veterans organizations, Congress, government agencies, academic institutions, environmental groups, chemical companies, the pulp and paper industry, medical research associations, and other groups. At the public meeting (see list), which was attended by approximately 100 people, 23 individuals presented oral testimony to the committee. Written testimony was also accepted and given equal weight to oral testimony. The committee received written testimony from 28 individuals (see summary of testimony).

Scientific Workshop (December 8, 1992)

The committee held a scientific workshop on exposure assessment on December 8, 1992, in Washington, D.C. The purpose of the workshop was to discuss and compare methods for estimating exposure to Agent Orange, other herbicides, and dioxin in epidemiologic studies. There were four panel sessions at the workshop to address (1) the military use of herbicides in Vietnam, (2) records-based measures of exposure to herbicides in Vietnam veterans, (3) validation of records-based measures of exposure to herbicides in Vietnam veterans, and (4) biomarkers for exposure assessment. Seventeen invited panelists made presentations at the workshop (see list). In addition to the panelists, approximately 45 individuals from veterans organizations, Congress, government agencies, academic institutions, environmental groups, chemical companies, the pulp and paper industry, medical research associations, and other interested groups attended the workshop.

Committee Meeting (February 8, 1993)

On February 8, 1993, the committee heard presentations on dermatological



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