as disincentive to research, 18, 57, 166-167

of medical schools, 167

problems in, 4

recommendations, 16-18

residency review committees, 17, 164-165

specialty board certification, 18, 166-167

Accreditation Committee for Graduate Medical Education, 16, 17

Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, 27

budget, 101, 188

outcomes research, 100-101

role of, 99

AIDS, 67, 97, 99

AIDS Research Debt Relief Program, 12, 190

Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration (ADAMHA), 64, 69, 73-76, 136

Alliance for Aging Research, 19, 119

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 284-285, 300

American Association for the Advancement of Science, 137

American Association of Physicians, 56

American Board of Internal Medicine, 166

American Board of Medical Specialties, 16, 18, 166

American Cancer Society, 107, 189

American College of Surgeons, 294-295

American Federation of Clinical Research, 56

American Heart Association, 107, 189

American Lung Association, 107

American Society for Clinical Investigation, 24, 56

Anesthesiology, 166

Armed Services Health Professional Scholarship, 157-159

Association of American Medical Colleges, 147, 214

Atherogenesis, 26

Autologous bone marrow transplantation, 114

B

Basic science research

clinical research and, 27, 28-29, 35, 55-57

disease-related, 34

in medical schools, 28-29, 55-57

medical student interest in, 147

NIH grants, 93-94

surgical research, 284, 294

Biomedical and Behavioral Research Scientists: Their Training and Supply, 30

Biomedical Research and Development Price Index, 76

Biotechnology research, 110-111, 199

Breast cancer, 26

autologous bone marrow transplantation for, 114

C

California Institute of Technology, 133

Carnegie Mellon University, 133

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 12, 67

research spending, 98-99

research training in, 187-188

role of, 98

Clinical Associate Physician program, 12, 186

Clinical research

background papers for evaluation of, 38

classification of activities in, 7, 32-34, 88

contribution of, 1, 24, 41-42

cost of, 79

data collection/analysis for evaluation of, 7, 29, 44

definition, 3, 30-31, 32, 34-35, 87-88, 92-93

evaluation strategy, 29-31, 36-40

future challenges to, 4-6, 41-42

future needs in, 3-4, 6, 25-27, 35, 41, 216-217

historical development, 24-29



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