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Abu, K. 1983 The separateness of spouses: Conjugal resources in an Ashanti town. Pp. 156-168 in C. Oppong, ea., Female and Male in West Africa. London: George Allen and Unwin. Adegbola, O., H.J. Page, and R. Lesthaeghe 1981 Child-spacing and fertility in Lagos. Pp. 147-180 in H.J. Page and R. Lesthaeghe, eds., Child-Spacing in Tropical Africa - Traditions and Change. London: Aca- demic Press. Adegbola, O., G. Jinadu, M. Montgomery, and F. Oyekanmi 1991 The effects of structural adjustment on fertility and child schooling in Nigeria. Unpublished manuscript. Department of Economics, State University of New York at Stony Brook. Ainsworth, M. 1990 Socioeconomic determinants of fertility in Cote d'Ivoire. Unpublished paper. Africa Technical Department, The World Bank, Washington, D.C. 1991 Economic aspects of child fostering in Cote d'Ivoire. Unpublished manuscript. Africa Technical Department, The World Bank, Washington, D.C. Allen, S., J. Tice, P. Van de Perre, A. Serufilira, E. Hudes, F. Nsengumuremyi, J. Bogaerts, C. Lindan, and S. Hulley 1992 Effect of serotesting with counselling on condom use and seroconversion among HIV discordant couples in Africa. British Medical Journal 304:1605-1609. References Arhin, K. 1983 The political and military roles of Akan women. Pp. 91-98 in C. Oppong, ea., Female and Male in West Africa. London: George Allen and Unwin. Armar, A.A. 1975 Ghana. Pp. 283-286 in W.B. Watson and R.J. Lapham, eds., Family Planning Programs: World Review 1974. Studies in Family Planning 6:283-286. 233

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234 FACTORS AFFECTING CONTRACEPTIVE USE Asante-Darko, N., and S. van der Geest 1983 Male chauvinism: Men and women in Ghanaian highlife songs. Pp. 242-255 in C. Oppong, ea., Female and Male in West Africa. London: George Allen and Unwin. Baird, V., G. O'Sullivan, and F. Yao 1990 Togo Assessment: March 19-April 6, 1990. Contract No. USAID/DPE-3051-Z- 00-8034-00. The Futures Group/SOMARC, Washington D.C. Baker, J., and S. Khasiani 1992 Induced abortion in Kenya: Case histories. Studies in Family Planning 23(1):34- 44. Baum, S., K. Dopkowski, W.G. Duncan, and P. Gardiner 1974 The World Fertility Survey inventory: Major fertility and related surveys con- ducted in Africa, 1960-73. WFS Occasional Paper, No. 4. Voorburg, Netherlands: International Statistical Institute. Becker, G., and H. Lewis 1973 On the interaction between the quantity and quality of children. Journal of Politi- cal Economy 81(2)Part II:S279-288. Benneh, G., J.S. Nabila, and J.B. Gyepi-Garbrah 1989 Twenty Years of Population Policy in Ghana. Accra: Population Impact Program. Bertrand, J.T., and J.E. Brown 1992 Family planning success in two cities in Zaire. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank. World Bank Working Paper. Bertrand, J.T., N. Mangani, and M. Mansilu 1984 The acceptability of household distribution of contraceptives in Zaire. Interna- tional Family Planning Perspectives 10(1) :21 -26. Bertrand, J.T., N. Mangani, M. Mansilu, and E. Landry 1985 Factors influencing the use of traditional versus modern family planning methods in Bas Zaire. Studies in Family Planning 16(6): 332-342. Bertrand, J., N. Mathu, J. Dwyer, M. Thuo, and G. Wambwa 1989 Attitudes toward voluntary surgical contraception in four districts of Kenya. Stud- ies in Family Planning 20(5):281-288. Bertrand, J.T., M.E. McBride, N. Mangani, N.C. Bacghman, and K. Mombela 1993 Community-based distribution in Zaire: The PRODEF experience. International Family Planning Perspectives, in press. Black, T.R., and P.D. Harvey 1976 A report on a contraceptive social marketing experiment in rural Kenya. Studies in Family Planning 7(4): 101-107. Blanc, A., and C. Lloyd 1990 Women's childrearing strategies in relation to fertility and employment in Ghana. Working Paper No. 16. New York: The Population Council. Bledsoe, C. 1989 The cultural meaning of AIDS and condoms for stable heterosexual relations in Africa: Recent evidence from local print media. Paper presented at the Seminar on Population Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa: Drawing on International Experi- ence, sponsored by the IUSSP, Committee on Population and Policy, with the collaboration of Dept. of Demographie de l'Universite de Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Zaire, Feb 27-March 2. 1990a The politics of AIDS, condoms, and heterosexual relations in Africa: Recent evidence from the local print media. Pp. 197-224 in W.P. Handwerker, ea., Births and Power: Social Change and the Politics of Reproduction. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.

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