APPENDIX C
Source Reference Table

Many references identified during the study provide information on the application of protection and restoration technologies and project results. A representative number of references on technologies, applications, results, and associated issues are presented here to aid in their use. Materials selected introduce marine habitat protection and restoration needs and provide insight for the application of technology. Full citations appear in the References.



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Restoring and Protecting Marine Habitat: The Role of Engineering and Technology APPENDIX C Source Reference Table Many references identified during the study provide information on the application of protection and restoration technologies and project results. A representative number of references on technologies, applications, results, and associated issues are presented here to aid in their use. Materials selected introduce marine habitat protection and restoration needs and provide insight for the application of technology. Full citations appear in the References.

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Restoring and Protecting Marine Habitat: The Role of Engineering and Technology Author (Date) Title Region and Topica (See noteb for treatment codes within columns) A B C D E F G H Alevison and Gorham (1989) Effects of artificial reef deployment on nearby resident fishes SE GC       1       Amos and Amos (1985) Atlantic and Gulf Coasts NE MA SE GC 1 1 1 1 1 1   Aquatic Habitat Institute et al. (1990) Status and trends report on dredging and waterway modification in the San Francisco Estuary P         4 5 Barnett and Crewz (1991) An Introduction to Planting and Maintaining Selected Common Coastal Plants in Florida SE GC 1 2 1 2 1 2     1 2 Bell (1989) Application of wetland valuation theory to commercial and recreational fisheries in Florida SE 3       3   Bell et al. (1989) Utilization of manufactured reef structures in South Carolina"s marine artificial reef program SE       2 3     Berger (1990a) Ecological Restoration in the San Francisco Bay Area: A Descriptive Directory and Sourcebook P 2 4 6 7         2 4 7 2 4 7

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Restoring and Protecting Marine Habitat: The Role of Engineering and Technology Author (Date) Title Region and Topica (See noteb for treatment codes within columns)     A B C D E F G H Berger (1990b) Environmental Restoration: Science and Strategies for Restoring the Earth SE P O 2 3 7 2 3 2 3       4 9 Boesch, et al. (1983) Subsidence in coastal Louisiana: causes, rates and effects on wetlands GC 1 3             Bonnickson (1988) Restoration ecology: philosophy, goals, and ethics O             3 9 Broussard (1987) Report on current marsh management engineering practices O 2 3             Cahill (1994) Federal, state and local public agency management of coastal wetland mitigation projects: The Batiquitos Lagoon Enhancement Project P 4 5 7       4 5 7     Cahoon and Cowen (1988) Environmental impacts and regulatory policy implications of spray disposal of dredged material in Louisiana wetlands GC 3 2 6             California State Coastal Conservancy (1988) Tijuana River Estuary Tidal Flow Enhancement and Wetland Restoration Program P 3       2     Chiappone (1994) Conservation monitoring of benthic communities in the Florida Keys: Ecological methodology GC             1 4 7

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Restoring and Protecting Marine Habitat: The Role of Engineering and Technology Author (Date) Title Region and Topica (See noteb for treatment codes within columns)     A B C D E F G H Clarke et al. (1988) Creation of offshore topographic features with dredged material SE GC             5 6 Cobb (1987) Mitigation evaluation study for the South Texas Coast, 1975–1986 GC 4 7 4 7           Crewz and Lewis (1991) An Evaluation of Historical Attempts to Establish Emergent Vegetation in the Marine Wetlands in Florida SE GC 9             Davis et al. (1990) Environmental Considerations for Port and Harbor Developments O             3 Engler et al. (1991a) The nature of dredged material N             1 5 6 Engler et al. (1991b) Environmental effects of aquatic disposal of dredged material N             1 5 6 EPA (1989) Estuarine Wetland Restoration Monitoring Protocol P 4             Florsheim et al. (1990) Hydrologic and Geomorphic Analysis of the Tijuana Estuary: Technical Appendix P         9     Fonseca et al. (1990) Comparisons of fauna among natural and transplanted eelgrass Zostera marina meadows: criteria for mitigation N   1          

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Restoring and Protecting Marine Habitat: The Role of Engineering and Technology Author (Date) Title Region and Topica (See noteb for treatment codes within columns)     A B C D E F G H Foster and Schiel (1985) The Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests in California: A Community Profile P     1         Gannon (1990) International position statement and evaluation guidelines for artificial reefs in the Great Lakes GL       3       GAO (1991) Coastal Pollution: Environmental Impacts of Federal Activities Can Be Better Managed N 3     3       Garrell et al. (1992) The Long Island Sound Study: Long range management of a critical estuary MA NE         1 4     Gorham and Alevizon (1989) Habitat complexity and the abundance of juvenile fishes residing on small scale artificial reefs O       1       Hamilton et al. (1989) Mangrove forests: An undervalued resource of the land and of the sea GC     1 3         Herbich (1992b) Handbook of Dredging Engineering SE O           2 2 4 5 6 Hine et al. (1987) Effect of Hurricane Elena on Florida's marsh-dominated coast: Pasco, Hernando, and Citrus Counties SE 8             Hooks et al. (1988) The Ecology and Management of Wetlands N 1 3            

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Restoring and Protecting Marine Habitat: The Role of Engineering and Technology Author (Date) Title Region and Topica (See noteb for treatment codes within columns)     A B C D E F G H Josselyn (1988) Effectiveness of coastal wetland restoration: California P 1             Josselyn and Bucholz (1984) Marsh Restoration in San Francisco Bay: A Guide to Design and Planning P 2             Josselyn et al. (1987) An evaluation of habitat use in natural and restored tidal marshes in San Francisco Bay, Calif. P 1             Josselyn et al. (1989) Public Access and Wetlands: Impacts of Recreational Use P 3             King (1991) Economics: Costing out restoration N             3 Kusler and Kentula (1990) Wetland Creation and Restoration: The Status of the Science N 1 2             Lethbridge (1988) Environmental considerations for port and harbour developments O             3 5 Ludwig et al. (1994) Regulated development in coastal wetlands: An analysis of trends in the Setion 10/404 permit program in portions of the United States N             3 Macdonald et al. (1990a) South San Diego Bay Enhancement Plan. Vol. One/Resources Atlas: Marine Ecological Characterization, Bay History, and Physical Environment P 1 5            

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Restoring and Protecting Marine Habitat: The Role of Engineering and Technology Author (Date) Title Region and Topica (See noteb for treatment codes within columns)     A B C D E F G H Macdonald et al. (1990b) South San Diego Bay Enhancement Plan. Vol. 3. Enhancement Goals and Concepts P 1 3             Mager (1990) National Marine Fisheries Service habitat conservation efforts related to federal regulatory programs in the southeastern United States SE   3             Marine Research Laboratory (1987) Proceedings of the Symposium on Subtropical-Tropical Seagrasses of the Southeastern United States SE GC   1 2 3           Matthiessen (1989) Planning for sea level rise in southern New England NE         5 5   Maynord et al. (1992) Design of Habitat Restoration Using Dredged Material at Bodkin Island, Chesapeak Bay, Maryland MA 2 5             McConnaughey and McConnaughey (1985) Pacific Coast P 1 1 1 1 1 1   McGurrin and ASMFC (1988) A Profile of Atlantic Artificial Reef Development MA SE       7       McGurrin and ASMFC (1989a) An assessment of Atlantic artificial reef development SE       2 3       McGurrin and Reeff Artificial reef development and deployment N       2 3      

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Restoring and Protecting Marine Habitat: The Role of Engineering and Technology Author (Date) Title Region and Topica (See noteb for treatment codes within columns)     A B C D E F G H McGurrin et al. (1989b) Profiling United States Artificial Reef Deployment N       2 3       McKenzie et al. (1990) Analysis of Marsh Transplant Experiments at Jetty Island, Everett, Washington P 1 2         2 6   McClellan and Imsand (1989) Berm construction utilizing dredged material GC           5 6 7   Mendelssohn (1982) Sand dune vegetation and stabilization in Louisiana GC           1 2 5   Mendelssohn et al. (1983) Dune building and vegetative stabilization in a sand deficient barrier island environment GC           1 2   Mendelssohn and Hester (1988) Texaco USA coastal vegetation project, Timbalier Island GC           1 2   Mendelssohn et al. (1991) Experimental dune building and vegetative stabilization in a sand-deficient barrier island setting on the Louisiana coast GC           1 2   Merkel and Hoffman (1990) Proceedings of the California Eelgrass Symposium P   1 2 7           Murden (1989a) Construction of Underwater Berms N         2 5 6 2 5 6  

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Restoring and Protecting Marine Habitat: The Role of Engineering and Technology Author (Date) Title Region and Topica (See noteb for treatment codes within columns)     A B C D E F G H NAEP (1991) The Environmental Professional, Special Issue: Restoration of Ecosystems O             1 2 3 4 Nailon and Seidensticker (1994) Wetland creation efforts in Galveston Bay, Texas GC 4 5 7             Nelson (1985) Physical and Biological Guidelines for Beach Restoration Projects: Part I SE           1 4   New York Sea Grant Institute (1990) Identification and assessment of technical information requirements for developing coastal erosion management strategies MA           4 5   NMFS and USACE (1990) Pilot Study to Determine the Feasibility of Establishing a Nationwide Program of Fisheries Habitat Restoration and Creation N         1   1 NOAA (1990a) Biennial Report to the Congress on Coastal Zone Management: Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 N       1 3 4 7 9       NOAA (1990b) Estuarine Habitat Program Implementation Plan: FY 1991 N         3     NOAA (1990c) Estuarine Habitat Program Progress Report: N         3    

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Restoring and Protecting Marine Habitat: The Role of Engineering and Technology Author (Date) Title Region and Topica (See noteb for treatment codes within columns)     A B C D E F G H NRC (1983b) Fundamental Research on Estuaries: The Importance of an Interdisciplinary Approach O         1 9     NRC (1985d) Dredging Coastal Ports: An Assessment of the Issues N         2 3 5     NRC (1987a) Responding to Changes in Sea Level: Engineering Implications O         2 5 2 5 2 5 NRC (1989b) Measuring and Understanding Coastal Processes for Engineering Purposes O         4 5 4 5 4 5 NRC (1990a) Managing Coastal Erosion N           3 2 5 5 NRC (1990c) Studies in Geophysics: Sea Level Change O         9 9   NRC (1991) Opportunities in the Hydrologic Sciences O             2 9 NRC (1992a) Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystems: Science, Technology, and Public Policy N 1 2 3 4       1 2 3 4     Payne (1992) Techniques for Wildlife Habitat Management of Wetlands N 1 2 6 7            

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Restoring and Protecting Marine Habitat: The Role of Engineering and Technology Author (Date) Title Region and Topica (See noteb for treatment codes within columns)     A B C D E F G H PERL (1990) A Manual for Assessing Restored and Natural Coastal Wetlands with Examples from Southern California P 1 4             PIANC (1992A) Beneficial Uses of Dredged Material: A Practical Guide O 2 6       2 6   2 5 PIANC (1992b) Guidelines for the Design and Construction of Flexible Revetments Incorporatng Geotextiles in Marine Environment O           2 5 2 5 Reeff et al. (1990) Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission (ASMFC) Recommendations for Atlantic State Artificial Reef Management MA SE       3       Restoration Planning Work Group (1990a) Restoration planning following the Exxon Valdez oil spill P             8 Restoration Planning Work Group (1990b) Restoration following the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Proceedings of the Public Symposium held in Anchorage, Alaska, March 26–27, 1990. P             3 8 Sather et al. (1984) Proceedings of the National Wetland Values Assessment Workshop N 3             Schadt et al. (1989) Biological monitoring at Port of Seattle disposal mitigation sites P           4 5 6 7  

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Restoring and Protecting Marine Habitat: The Role of Engineering and Technology Author (Date) Title Region and Topica (See noteb for treatment codes within columns)     A B C D E F G H SCOR (1991) The response of beaches to sea-level changes: A review of predictive models N           4 5   SCS (1992) Engineering Field Handbook EFH-1A: Part 650, Chapter 13—Wetland Restoration, Enhancement, or Creation N 2 5             Seaman and Spague (1991) Artificial Habitats for Marine and Freshwater Fisheries O       1 2       Sheehy (1982) The use of designed and prefabricated artificial reefs in the United States N O       2       Sheehy and Vik (1981a) Developments in East Asia O       2       Sheehy and Vik (1982) Artificial reefs—A second life for offshore platforms? N       2       Sheehy and Vik (1983) Recent advances in artificial reef technology N O       2       Sheehy and Vik (1988a) Extending mitigation banking beyond wetlands O 3             Sheehy and Vik (1988b) Mitigation planning for port development O 3             Steimle et al. (1990) A Review of Artificial Reef Research Needs O       9      

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Restoring and Protecting Marine Habitat: The Role of Engineering and Technology Author (Date) Title Region and Topica (See noteb for treatment codes within columns)     A B C D E F G H Stone (1985) NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS OF-6: National Artificial Reef Plan N       3       Stroud (1992) Stemming the Tide of Coastal Fish Habitat Loss: Proceedings of a Symposium on Conservation of Coastal Fish Habitat N         1 2 3   1 2 3 Thayer (1992) Restoring the Nation's Marine Environment N 2 2 2 2 2   2 3 The Sounds Conservancy (1990) Intertidal flats: Their value and legal status NE 3             Thorhaug (1990) Restoration of mangroves and seagrasses-economic benefits for fisheries and mariculture GC   2 3 2 3         Titus (1988) Greenhouse Effect, Sea Level Rise and Coastal Wetlands N 1 7             USACE (1984) Pointe Mouillee: Wetland Establishment in Connection with Disposal of Dredged Material GL 2 6             USACE (1989a) Environmental Engineering for Coastal Protection N           2 5 2 3 4 5

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Restoring and Protecting Marine Habitat: The Role of Engineering and Technology Author (Date) Title Region and Topica (See noteb for treatment codes within columns)     A B C D E F G H USACE (1989c) San Francisco Bay to Stockton navigation project. Monitoring program for created wetlands P 4             USACE (1990) Marsh establishment at Corpus Christi, Texas, 45-foot project mitigation site-wetland development GC 2 3 6             Wells and Gratwick (1988) Canadian Conference on Marine Environmental Quality: Proceedings CA CP             3 7 9 WES (1988) Environmental Effects of Dredging O             1 6 Williams (1990) Pescadero Marsh Natural Preserve Hydrological Enhancement Plan P 3             Williams et al. (1990) Coasts in Crisis N             3 7 Zedler (1984) Salt Marsh Restoration: A Guidebook for Southern California P 1 2             Zedler and Langis (1991) Comparisons of constructed and natural salt marshes of San Diego Bay P 1 3             Zedler and Nordby (1986) The Ecology of Tijuana Estuary, California: An Estuarine Profile P 1            

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Restoring and Protecting Marine Habitat: The Role of Engineering and Technology Author (Date) Title Region and Topica (See noteb for treatment codes within columns)     A B C D E F G H Zedler et al. (1992) The Ecology of Tijuana Estuary, California: A National Estuarine Research Reserve P         1     a Codes for region and topics b Codes for Treatment Topic A Region B Marshes or intertidal C Seagrasses D Mangrove or kelp forests E Reefs F Estuaries G Beaches or barrier islands H Other Region NE New England MA Mid Atlantic SE Southeast United States GC Gulf Coast P Pacific/West Coast M Midwest CA Canadian Atlantic CP Canadian Pacific N National O Other 1 Ecology 2 Technology 3 Policy or economics 4 Monitoring 5 Coastal engineering 6 Use of dredged material 7 Case study or project descriptions 8 Storm or oil sppill recovery 9 Other