E
Technology Developers That Supplied Information

In addition to the presentations at the committee's workshop (see Appendix F), material was received by the committee on a variety of technologies. The committee considered this material in its work but not all the material received was necessarily germane to the committee's interests. Materials were received from the following:

AEA Technology

Dounreay

Ag(II) process

Thurso

 

Caithness KW14 7TZ

 

Contact: Dr. W. Batey

 

This process generates highly oxidizing species in an electrochemical cell to treat organic wastes and oxidize them to carbon dioxide and water.

BOVAR Corporation

10200 Richmond Avenue

Lewisite Neutralization Technology

Suite 150

 

Houston, TX 77042 (713) 789-1084

 

Contact: Hamish Adam, General Manager

 

This process is carried out in four steps: reaction of lewisite with an oxidizing agent; removal of residual oxidizing agent; decomposition of the products of lewisite oxidation through addition of NaOH; and chemical fixation of the products of acid decomposition to prevent leaching of arsenic salts.



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OCR for page 244
Alternative Technologies for the Destruction of Chemical Agents and Munitions E Technology Developers That Supplied Information In addition to the presentations at the committee's workshop (see Appendix F), material was received by the committee on a variety of technologies. The committee considered this material in its work but not all the material received was necessarily germane to the committee's interests. Materials were received from the following: AEA Technology Dounreay Ag(II) process Thurso   Caithness KW14 7TZ   Contact: Dr. W. Batey   This process generates highly oxidizing species in an electrochemical cell to treat organic wastes and oxidize them to carbon dioxide and water. BOVAR Corporation 10200 Richmond Avenue Lewisite Neutralization Technology Suite 150   Houston, TX 77042 (713) 789-1084   Contact: Hamish Adam, General Manager   This process is carried out in four steps: reaction of lewisite with an oxidizing agent; removal of residual oxidizing agent; decomposition of the products of lewisite oxidation through addition of NaOH; and chemical fixation of the products of acid decomposition to prevent leaching of arsenic salts.

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Alternative Technologies for the Destruction of Chemical Agents and Munitions Dynecology Incorporated 611 Harrison Avenue The Toxiplex Slagging Gasification Process for the Thermal Destruction of Chemical Warfare Agents Harrison, NY 10528   (914) 967-8674   Contact: Helmut W. Schulz   This is a gasification process (with steam and oxygen) that provides for the conversion of a broad spectrum of toxic and refractory organic substances into a clean fuel or synthesis gas. Elkem Technology P.O. Box 4376 Torshov Electric Arc Furnaces N-0402 Oslo 4   Norway   Contact: Arne K. Stoyle   Information was provided on the Elkem Multi-purpose Furnace®, an electric smelting technology. Electrochemical Oxidation Systems 3445 Greer Road Mediated Electrochemical Oxidation Processes for Chemical Weapons Materials Palo Alto, CA 94303-4210   (415) 494-6982   Contact: Norvell Nelson, President   In this electrochemical process, very reactive high-oxidation-state metal ions are generated that react either directly or indirectly with organic materials. Florida International University Drinking Water Research Center High-energy Electron Beam Irradiation for the Removal of Toxic and Hazardous Organic Chemicals from Water and Wastewater University Park Campus   Miami, FL 33199   (305) 348-2826   Contact: William J. Cooper, Director and Associate Professor   In this process, high-energy electrons impact an aqueous solution, generating reactive transient species that destroy hazardous contaminants.

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Alternative Technologies for the Destruction of Chemical Agents and Munitions Gene Syst International, Inc. 9326 Fairfax Street Supercritical-Water Oxidation Alexandria, VA 22309   (703) 780-8821   Contact: James A. Titmas   Information supplied on the application of supercritical-water oxidation (SCWO) to destroy various organic contaminants including a below-ground SCWO technology. HALLIBURTON NUS Environmental Corporation Environmental Technologies Group Ultrox UV/Oxidation Process 5950 North Course Drive   P.O. Box 721110   Houston, TX 77272   (713) 561-1556   Contact: Roberto E. Frulla, Executive Vice President   This process dilutes chemical agent(s) into water, and then destroys the highly diluted chemical agent(s) by oxidizing them at ambient temperature in an ULTROX® ultraviolet light and hydrogen peroxide reactor. Highly Filled Materials Institute Stevens Institute of Technology Concomitant Chemical Neutralization of Chemical Ammunitions and Encapsulation of Neutralization Products Using Twin Screw Extrusion Castle Point   Hoboken, NJ 07030   (201) 216-8225/(201) 216-5119   Contacts: Professor Dilhan M. Kalyon, Professor Suphan Kovenklioglu   This process describes a system for using a neutralizing agent and then encapsulating the products in a polymeric matrix. A mechanical system for accomplishing this is described.

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Alternative Technologies for the Destruction of Chemical Agents and Munitions IIT Research Institute 10 West 35th Street Ozone/UV/Fluorocarbon Solvent System Chicago, IL 60616-3799   (312) 567-4000   Contact: Alan Snelson, Ph.D., Science   Advisor, Chemical Sciences Section   This is a non-aqueous method for biological or chemical decontamination. Ozone is dissolved in a fluorocarbon solvent, and ultraviolet radiation is used to decompose chemical warfare materials. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Department of Chemistry and Materials Science Oxidation Using Catalyzed Peroxy Disulfate and Peroxide Livermore, CA   (510) 423-6649   Contact: John F. Cooper   This direct chemical oxidation process proposes using alternate treatments with catalyzed peroxydisulfate (persulfate) and catalyzed hydrogen peroxide in a dosed, aqueous-phase, ambient temperature system. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory University of California Radiolytic Decomposition of Hazardous Wastes and Chemical Weapon Surrogates P.O. Box 808, L-619   Livermore, CA 94550   Contact: Stephen M. Matthew, Ph.D.,   Senior Physicist   In this process, it is proposed that radiation, either from a cobalt source or from X-rays generated from an electron accelerator, be used to detoxify chemical warfare agents. The proposal is to destroy these chemicals without removal from weapons.

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Alternative Technologies for the Destruction of Chemical Agents and Munitions Lapidus & Associates Suite 1210 Self-Cooled Containment Building Allegheny Building   429 Forbes Avenue   Pittsburgh, PA 15219   (412) 261-9222   Contact: Robert A. Lapidus   The Serf-Cooled Containment Building was developed to deal with air pollution and heat generated in coke battery operations. The containment building is designed to provide complete containment of any pollution products of combustion or any chemicals that have not been treated in the combustion phase. MRK, Inc. 2602 Main Street Closed Loop Incineration Process Baker, LA 70714   (504) 344-5063   Contact: C.C. Efferson   A potential Closed Loop Incineration System (CLIS) that utilizes known technology to recycle the maximum amount of flue gas and converts the remaining exit flue gas into a usable product. Plasma Energy Applied Technology, Inc. 4914 Moores Mill Road Plasma Waste Energy Waste Processing System Huntsville, AL 35811   (205) 859-3006   Contact: William C. Bums, PE,   Vice President & General Manager   A system that uses a plasma torch to thermally treat wastes, converting inorganic material to a vitrified glass-like solid and organic matter to a gas composed of simple molecules such as hydrogen and carbon monoxide. Plasma Systems Incorporated 10103 Sanders Court ''Plasmadestruct'' Process for Destruction of Chemical Weapons Great Falls, VA 22066   (804) 448-1633   Contact: Steve Horvath, Tony Gedeon  

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Alternative Technologies for the Destruction of Chemical Agents and Munitions "Plasmadestruct" is a patented process for the thermal destruction and vitrification of hazardous wastes. It is a pyrolytic process utilizing non-transferred arc plasma generators as a heat source to gasify and thermally destroy complex organic compounds. Tech Three Inc. 2519 P Street, NW Attributes of Ozone as a Highly Effective Oxidizer Washington, DC 20007   (202) 338-1278   Contact: John Page, President   The "Electromagnetically and Sonically Enhanced Ozone Oxidation Process" routes a liquid medium through an electrostatic treater. It is then routed into an injection chamber where ozone that has been electrostatically treated and magnetically enhanced is injected. It then goes to a chamber with sonic probes that agitate the medium. Heavy metals are filtered out. Toxco P.O. Box 396 Neutralization of Lithium-Filled Containers Claremont, CA 91711   (714) 624-4010   Contact: William J. McLaughlin, President   This process involves immersion of munitions in liquid argon or nitrogen, shredding of the munitions, chemical neutralization, and incineration of the metal casing.