BIBLIOGRAPHY

PUBLISHED WORKS

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1991. Aerospace Software Engineering, A Collection of Concepts , ed. C. Anderson and M. Dorfman. Volume 136 in Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics series. Washington, D.C.: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

Aviation Week and Space Technology , May 25, 1992. “Mission Control Saved Intelsat Rescue from Software, Checklist Problems. ”

Aviation Week and Space Technology , June 8, 1992. “NASA Will Modify Rendezvous Software To Avoid Repeat of Endeavour Problem.”

Feynman, R. P., 1986. “Personal Observations on Reliability of Shuttle,” Appendix F of the Report of the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident . Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.

Hanaway, J. F. and R. W. Moorehead, 1989. Space Shuttle Avionics System , NASA SP-504, National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Washington D.C.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Hecht, H., April 1992. Investigation of Shuttle Software Errors . SoHar Incorporated, study prepared for Polytechnic University, Brooklyn, New York, and the Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia, under NASA Grant NAG1-1272.

Johnson Space Center, November 21, 1991. Space Shuttle Flight Software Verification and Validation Requirements , NSTS 08271. Houston, Texas: National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Miller, C. O., September 1986. The Broader Lesson From Challenger, presented at the meeting Silent Safety Programs , The American Society of Safety Engineers, Arlington, Virginia.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, August 8, 1989. Software Assurance Guidebook , SMAP-GB-A201. Washington, D.C.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration.



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An Assessment of Space Shuttle Flight Software Development Processes BIBLIOGRAPHY PUBLISHED WORKS American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1991. Aerospace Software Engineering, A Collection of Concepts , ed. C. Anderson and M. Dorfman. Volume 136 in Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics series. Washington, D.C.: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Aviation Week and Space Technology , May 25, 1992. “Mission Control Saved Intelsat Rescue from Software, Checklist Problems. ” Aviation Week and Space Technology , June 8, 1992. “NASA Will Modify Rendezvous Software To Avoid Repeat of Endeavour Problem.” Feynman, R. P., 1986. “Personal Observations on Reliability of Shuttle,” Appendix F of the Report of the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident . Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. Hanaway, J. F. and R. W. Moorehead, 1989. Space Shuttle Avionics System , NASA SP-504, National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Washington D.C.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Hecht, H., April 1992. Investigation of Shuttle Software Errors . SoHar Incorporated, study prepared for Polytechnic University, Brooklyn, New York, and the Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia, under NASA Grant NAG1-1272. Johnson Space Center, November 21, 1991. Space Shuttle Flight Software Verification and Validation Requirements , NSTS 08271. Houston, Texas: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Miller, C. O., September 1986. The Broader Lesson From Challenger, presented at the meeting Silent Safety Programs , The American Society of Safety Engineers, Arlington, Virginia. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, August 8, 1989. Software Assurance Guidebook , SMAP-GB-A201. Washington, D.C.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

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An Assessment of Space Shuttle Flight Software Development Processes National Aeronautics and Space Administration Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel, March 1991. Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel Annual Report . Washington, D.C.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel, March 1992. Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel Annual Report . Washington, D.C.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel, March 1993. Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel Annual Report . Washington, D.C.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Headquarters Safety and Mission Quality Office, January 13, 1992. Clarification of NASA's Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V) Perspective . Letter. National Research Council, 1988. Post Challenger Evaluation of Space Shuttle Risk Assessment and Management . Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. National Research Council, 1989. Space Station Engineering Design Issues . Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Norbraten, L., March 24, 1992. Day of Launch I-Load Updates for the Space Shuttle . Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Perrow, Charles, 1984. Normal Accidents: Living with High Risk Technologies . New York: Basic Books, a Division of Harper Collins. Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident, 1986. Report of the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident . Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. Royce, W., 1991. “Current Problems,” in Aerospace Software Engineering, A Collection of Concepts ,ed. Christine Anderson and Merlin Dorfman. Volume 136 in Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics series. Washington, D.C.: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Time Magazine , February 1, 1988. “Putting Schedule Over Safety; Despite Challenger, the Shuttle Program Ignores Whistle-Blowers.” United States Air Force, May 20, 1988. Software Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V) , AFSC/AFLC Pamphlet 800-5. Washington, D.C.: United States Air Force.

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An Assessment of Space Shuttle Flight Software Development Processes United States General Accounting Office, February 1991. Space Shuttle: NASA Should Implement Independent Oversight of Software Development . Washington, D.C.: United States General Accounting Office. United States General Accounting Office, May 1992. Embedded Computer Systems--Significant Software Problems on C-17 Must Be addressed . Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. United States General Accounting Office, June 1992. NASA: Large Programs May Consume Increasing Share of Limited Budgets . Washington, D.C.: United States General Accounting Office. United States General Accounting Office, June 1992. Space Station: NASA's Software Development Approach Increases Safety and Cost Risk . Washington, D.C.: United States General Accounting Office. UNPUBLISHED WORKS, PRESENTATIONS, AND INFORMAL DOCUMENTATION Charles Stark Draper Laboratories. Parametric Investigation of OI-21 Lambert Performance . Charles Stark Draper Laboratories. STS-49 and OFS Lambert Targeting Routine Anomaly . IBM Corporation, May 19, 1987. Space Shuttle Orbiter Avionics Software Reliability and Assurance Plan . IBM Corporation, January 1992. Operational Increment Change History . Chart showing number of lines of code changed for each OI. IBM Corporation, January 1992. PASS Flight Software Failure Mode (effects) Severity Assessments . Presentation given to the Committee by T. Keller describing errors that have been found in the PASS and their severity. IBM Corporation. Continuous Process Improvement . Chart showing IBM's continuous process improvement process. IBM Corporation. Detailed Design and Code Inspection Process . IBM Corporation. IBM Response and Clarification of Position in Regard to the NRC Committee Request for Code Inspection Checklist Process Documentation . IBM Corporation. Onboard Shuttle Design and Code Inspection Process .

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An Assessment of Space Shuttle Flight Software Development Processes Intermetrics, Inc., March 12, 1992. NSTS Avionics System Engineering Support Task (ASET)- -IV&V . Presentation given to the Committee by R. Modes. Intermetrics, Inc. IV&V of Complex Systems . Presentation package. Intermetrics, Inc. Overview of ASET Methodology . Internal report. Johnson Space Center, April 10, 1987. Flight Software Reliability and Quality Assurance Requirements . Johnson Space Center, July 1990. Shuttle Avionics Integration Laboratory (SAIL) . Pamphlet with brief description of SAIL. Johnson Space Center, May 29, 1991. Minutes of IV&V Steering Group . Johnson Space Center, July 15, 1991. Flight Software Build and Reconfiguration Tools . Johnson Space Center, September 13, 1991. Configuration Management Plan . Report by the Reconfiguration Change Control Board (RCCB) describing the reconfiguration process. Johnson Space Center, October 9, 1991. Software Release Schedules . Schedule of each planned OI. Johnson Space Center, November 1991. Quality Assurance Procedures . Johnson Space Center, November 1991. Shuttle Avionics Integration Laboratory . Presentation package on configuration and capabilities of SAIL. Reconfiguration Products. Johnson Space Center, December 1991. Flight Software Class 1 Integration Plan (CIP) . Johnson Space Center, January 14, 1992. Flight Software Development Process Overview . Presentation given to the Committee by R. A. Plunkett. Johnson Space Center, January 14, 1992. Safety, Reliability, and Quality Assurance (SR&QA) Support to SSP Flight Software . Presentation given to the Committee by J. Ripma. Johnson Space Center, January 14, 1992. Space Shuttle Engineering Integration . Presentation given to the Committee by L. Williams. Johnson Space Center, January 15, 1992. Software Production Facility (SPF) Overview . Presentation given to the Committee. Johnson Space Center. PRCB Membership . List of the organizations that are represented on the Program Requirements Control Board (PRCB).

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An Assessment of Space Shuttle Flight Software Development Processes Johnson Space Center. Reconfiguration Tools . List of tools for software reconfiguration. Keller, T., October 24, 1990. MDQ: Using Metrics Feedback to Improve Life-Critical Software . IBM Corporation. Marshall Space Flight Center, March 12, 1992. Space Shuttle Main Engine Controller . Presentation given to the Committee by C. Horne. McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Corporation, November 27, 1990. Shuttle Avionics Systems Flight Hardware/Software . Viewgraph presentation prepared for NASA Headquarters; overview of avionics systems hardware and software. McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Corporation, December 3, 1990. Severity 1/1n DR Waivers Projected for Future OIs . Viewgraph presentation on Discrepancy Report (DR) waivers, prepared for NASA Headquarters. McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Corporation, April 2, 1991. Flight Design Philosophy . Viewgraph presentation prepared for NASA Headquarters. McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Corporation, February 5, 1992. Space Shuttle Avionics Systems Software . Viewgraph presentation prepared for NASA Headquarters. McKay, C., March 13, 1992. A NASA sponsored Research Program in Mission and Safety Critical (MASC) Computing Systems . University of Houston, Clear Lake. Morant, L. and F. Rockwell, November 13, 1989. IV&V of Large, Mature Software Systems . Intermetrics, Inc. Morant, L. and F. Rockwell, December 6, 1991. A Methodology for Managing IV&V of Complex Systems . Intermetrics, Inc. NASA Headquarters, January 1988. Software Systems Safety Handbook for Aeronautical and Space Flight Systems, NHB 1700.1(XX) (draft). NASA Headquarters, August 29, 1989. Safety: Technical Reviews and Audits for Systems, Equipments, and Computer Software (draft). NASA Headquarters, January 31, 1991. Software Safety Standard (draft). NASA Headquarters, 1991. NASA Software Management, Engineering, and Assurance Policy, NMI-2410.10 (draft). NASA Headquarters, January 1992. Code Q software plan (draft).

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An Assessment of Space Shuttle Flight Software Development Processes NASA Headquarters, March 13, 1992. Office of Safety and Mission Quality Software Goals, Objectives, and Implementation . Presentation given to the Committee regarding the Office of S&MQ's (Code Q) current and planned roles in Shuttle software development and assurance. National Research Council, 1987. Committee on Space Shuttle Criticality Review and Hazard Analysis, Software Working Group Proceedings . Viewgraph presentations given to the Committee on Space Shuttle Criticality Review and Hazard Analysis Audit. Rockwell International, March 16, 1990. RCCB Support Software Tool Document . Rockwell International, October 31, 1991. BFS Software Quality Measurements . Chart of Errors per 1000 lines of code for each BFS OI. Rockwell International, December 20, 1991. Software Quality Program for the Backup Operational Flight Programs (BOFP) for the Space Shuttle System . Rockwell International, 1991. Software Quality Report--BFS, reporting period: 7/1/91-9/30/91 . Rockwell International. Rockwell Quality Assurance Plan and Procedures for Flight Software Production Support . Rodney, G., January 13, 1992. Clarification of NASA's IV&V Perspective . NASA Headquarters. Space Shuttle Program Office, October 8, 1991. SSP Flight Software V&V Policy . United States Air Force. Air Force IV&V Policy and ASD Implementation . Presentation given to the Committee by E. Smith and D. O'Connor. United States Air Force. Software Development Integrity Program . Presentation given to the Committee by D. O'Connor. United States Navy. AEGIS Combat System Computer Programs Development . Presentation given to the Committee by D. Robinson. United States Navy. The Review and Evaluation of Software Safety Programs . Presentation given to the Committee by M. Brown. Yassini, S., February 1992. Space Shuttle Avionics System Software . McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Corporation report prepared for NASA Headquarters.