K
Acronyms


AAP

American Academy of Pediatrics

ACIP

Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices

AID

U.S. Agency for International Development

ANDA

abbreviated new drug application


BCG

bacillus Calmette-Guérin (vaccine against tuberculosis)


CBER

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (U.S. Food and Drug Administration)

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CDF

Children's Defense Fund

CPI

Consumer Price Index

CRADA

Cooperative Research and Development Agreement

CVI

Children's Vaccine Initiative


DOD

U.S. Department of Defense

DTP

diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis vaccine


ELA

Establishment License Application

EPI

Expanded Program on Immunization (World Health Organization)


FDA

U.S. Food and Drug Administration

FTEs

full-time equivalents


GLPs

Good Laboratory Practices

GMPS

Good Manufacturing Practices


Hib-CV

Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine, conjugated

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus


ICIDR

International Collaborations in Infectious Disease Research



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OCR for page 220
The Children's Vaccine Initiative: Achieving the Vision K Acronyms AAP American Academy of Pediatrics ACIP Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices AID U.S. Agency for International Development ANDA abbreviated new drug application BCG bacillus Calmette-Guérin (vaccine against tuberculosis) CBER Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDF Children's Defense Fund CPI Consumer Price Index CRADA Cooperative Research and Development Agreement CVI Children's Vaccine Initiative DOD U.S. Department of Defense DTP diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis vaccine ELA Establishment License Application EPI Expanded Program on Immunization (World Health Organization) FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration FTEs full-time equivalents GLPs Good Laboratory Practices GMPS Good Manufacturing Practices Hib-CV Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine, conjugated HIV human immunodeficiency virus ICIDR International Collaborations in Infectious Disease Research

OCR for page 220
The Children's Vaccine Initiative: Achieving the Vision IND Investigational New Drug IOM Institute of Medicine MMR measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine MOD March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation NAV North American Vaccine NIAID National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases NICHD National Institute of Child Health and Human Development NIH National Institutes of Health NVA National Vaccine Authority NVAC National Vaccine Advisory Committee NVICP National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program NVP National Vaccine Program OPV oral polio vaccine PAHO Pan American Health Organization PLA Product License Application PPPI Pharmaceutical Producer Price Index PTO Patent and Trademark Office PVD Program for Vaccine Development (United Nations Development Program/World Health Organization) R&D research and development RIVM Rijksinstituut voor Volgezondheid en Milieuhygiene (National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection, The Netherlands) SB SmithKline Beecham TT tetanus toxoid UNDP United Nations Development Program UNICEF United Nations Children's Fund USAMMDA U.S. Army Medical Material Development Activity USAMRIID U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases VAERS Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting System WHO World Health Organization