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Memorial Tributes NATIONAL ACADEMY OF ENGINEERING

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NATIONAL ACADEMY OF ENGINEERING OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Memorial Tributes Volume 6 NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS Washington, D.C. 1993

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National Academy Press 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20418 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data (Revised for vol. 6) National Academy of Engineering. Memorial tributes. Vol. 2-6 have imprint: Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 1. Engineers United States Biography. I. Title. TA139.N34 1979 620'.0092'2 [B] 79-21053 ISBN 0-309-02889-2 (v. 1) ISBN 0-309-03482-5 (v. 2) ISBN 0-309-03939-8 (v. 3) ISBN 0-309-04349-2 (v. 4) ISBN 0-309-04689-0 (v. 5) ISBN 0-309-04847-8 (v. 6) Additional copies of this publication are available from: National Academy Press 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20418 B120 Printed in the United States of America

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CONTENTS FOREWORD, X1 JOHN BARDEEN, 3 by Nick Holonyak, fr. HARRY F. BARR, 13 by Robert A. Frosch GILBERT Y. CHIN, 1 9 by Jack H. Wernick JAMES WALLACE DATEY, 23 by Donald R. F. Harleman JOHN FRANK ELLIOTT, 27 by Morris Cohen KARL E. FETTERS, 31 Written by Robert D. Pehlke Submitted by the NAT Home Secretary JAMES C. FLETCHER, 35 by Dale D. Myers v

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V1 CONTENTS JACOB M. GEIST, 41 by P. L. Thibaut Brian MILTON HARRIS, 47 byAlfredE.Brown FRED L. HARTLEY, 51 by John R. Kiely RICHARD HAZEN, 57 by Daniel A. Okun EDWARD H. HEINEMANN, 63 Written by Donald Douglas, fr. and Harry Gann Submitted by the NAE Home Secretary FREDERIC A. L. HOLLOWAY, 67 by [. F. Mathis MARSHALL G. HOLLOWAY, 73 Written by RaemerE. Schreiber Submitter! by the NAE Home Secretary GRACE MURRAY HOPPER, 79 Written by Gordon R. Nagler Submitted by the NAE Home Secretary RICHARD RALSTON HOUGH, 85 Written by S. ~ Willcoxon Submitted by the NAE Home Secretary ROBERT I. jAFFEE, 89 Written by John Stringer Submitted by the NAE Home Secretary CLARENCE L. KELLY']OHNSON, 93 by Daniel M. Tellep

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CONTENTS EDWARD CONRADJORDAN, 97 by George W. Swenson, Jr. JOHN FISHER KENNEDY, 103 by Vito A. Vanoni and Norman H. Brooks AUGUSTUS B. KINZEL, 1 1 1 by Walker L. Cisler and Harvey A. Wagner PHILIP S. KLEBANOFF, 1 15 Written by G. E. Mattingly and L. P. Purtell Submitted by the NAE Home Secretary ALAN G. LOOFBOURROW, 1 19 by Rupert L. Atkin GERALD T. McCARTHY, 123 by Wilson V. Binger JAMES R. MELCHER, 127 by Thomas H. Lee and Markus Zahn FRANK R. MILLIKEN, ~ 33 by Nathaniel Arbiter KlYOSHIMUTO, 139 by Joseph Penzien and George W. Housner JACK N.NIELSEN, 145 by Dean R. Chapman ZENJI NISHIYAMA, 149 by M. Meshii and Morris Fine ROBERT N. NOYCE, 155 by Gordon E. Moore vat

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. . . V111 CONTENTS THOMAS O. PAINE, ~ 61 by Edward E. Hood, fr. ALAN J. PERLIS, ~ 67 by Fernando J. Corbato MILTON S. PLESSET, 173 by Theodore Y. Wu ROBERT F. ROCHELEAU, ~ 77 by Edwin A. Gee LOUIS HARRY RODDIS, JR., 1 ~ l by John W. Simpson KENNETH A.ROE, 185 by Robert Plunkett L. EUGENE ROOT, 1 9] Written by Robert E. Burgess Submitted by the NAE Home Secretary ALBERT ROSE, 197 by Paul K. Weimer DOMINICK ]. SANCHINI, 203 by George W. Jeffs SIDNEY EUGENE SCISSON, 207 by Clarence E. Larson WILBUR S. SMITH, 21 1 by Donald S. Berry ROBERT C. SPRAGUE, 2 ~ 7 by Robert C. Duncan

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CONTENTS ARTHUR C. STERN, 221 by Merril Eisenbud C. GUY SUITS, 225 by Walter L. Robb ITIRO TANT, 229 by Yasuo Mori EUGENE B. WAGGONER, 233 by William W. Moore AUBREY J. WAGNER, 239 Written by W. F. Willis Submitted by the NAE Home Secretary AN WANG, 245 by Leo L. Beranek GABRIEL OTTO WESSENAUER, 251 Written by Roland A. Kampmeier Submitted by the NAE Home Secretary SAKAE YAGI, 255 by Hoyt C. Hottel APPENDIX, 259 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS FOR THE PHOTOGRAPHS, 261 1X

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FOREWORD THIS IS THE SIXTH VOLUME in the series of Memorial Tributes issued periodically by the National Academy of Engineering to honor the deceased members and foreign associates of the Academy and to recognize their achievements. It is intended that these volumes will stand as an enduring record of the many contributions of engineers and engineering to the benefit of humankind. In all cases, the authors of the tributes are contem- poraries or colleagues who had personal knowledge of the interests and the engineering accomplishments of the deceased members and foreign associates. The National Academy of Engineering is a private organiza- tion established in 1964 to share in the responsibility given the National Academy of Sciences under its congressional charter signed by President Lincoln in 1863 to examine and report on questions of science and engineering at the request of the federal government. Individuals are elected to the National Academy of Engineering on the basis of significant contribu- tions to engineering theory and practice and to the literature of engineering or demonstrated unusual accomplishments in the pioneering of new and developing fields of technology. Simon Ostrach Home Secretary X1

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