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APPENDIX C WORKSHOP ORGANIZATION

The Workshop was held at the National Academy of Sciences

Cecil and Ida Green Building

2001 Wisconsin Avenue, NW

Washington, DC

16-20 March 1992

Workshop Leaders

John Hermance (Chair)

William Hinze

Robert Langel

Christopher Russell

Topical Working Group Leaders

James Slavin (The Magnetosphere, Ionosphere, and Atmosphere)

Richard Blakely (Lithospheric Magnetic Fields)

John Booker (Electromagnetic Studies of the Solid Earth and Oceans)

David Loper (Main Field and Core Processes)

Operational Requirements Working Group Leaders

James Heirtzler (Operational Platforms)

Joe Allen, Herbert Meyers (Data Management Systems)

Christopher Harrison (Interagency Coordination and Communication)

Ex-Officio Members

Robin Brett, Chair of the U.S. Geodynamics Committee

Kevin Burke, NAS/NRC

Pembroke Hart, NAS/NRC



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Page 219 APPENDIX C WORKSHOP ORGANIZATION The Workshop was held at the National Academy of Sciences Cecil and Ida Green Building 2001 Wisconsin Avenue, NW Washington, DC 16-20 March 1992 Workshop Leaders John Hermance (Chair) William Hinze Robert Langel Christopher Russell Topical Working Group Leaders James Slavin (The Magnetosphere, Ionosphere, and Atmosphere) Richard Blakely (Lithospheric Magnetic Fields) John Booker (Electromagnetic Studies of the Solid Earth and Oceans) David Loper (Main Field and Core Processes) Operational Requirements Working Group Leaders James Heirtzler (Operational Platforms) Joe Allen, Herbert Meyers (Data Management Systems) Christopher Harrison (Interagency Coordination and Communication) Ex-Officio Members Robin Brett, Chair of the U.S. Geodynamics Committee Kevin Burke, NAS/NRC Pembroke Hart, NAS/NRC

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Page 220 Background on Objectives and Format A. Objectives To refine the scope and focus of the geomagnetic initiative. To identify challenges and future directions in geomagnetic studies and applications, particularly those of an interdisciplinary nature. To define unique opportunities in geomagnetic research and development that could benefit from an increased level of interagency coordination. To consider the need and possible mechanisms for on-going interagency coordination which are consistent with the mandated mission of the principal agencies involved. To develop a plan of action. B. Size of Meeting Large enough to represent the breadth and diversity of the field. Small enough to ensure meaningful discussions in a small group environment. Approximately 100 participants from the academic, industry, and government scientific community. C. Selection of Participants Participants were selected from a pool of applicants and nominees based on balance of representation among disciplines and the expected scientific participation of the potential attendee.

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Page 221 D. General Guidelines for Pre-Workshop Activity Essential material was distributed to the workshop participants before they arrived at the meeting. A draft document was circulated to all attendees before the workshop. The chairperson of each working subgroup circulated material to subgroup members. If appropriate (that is, if certain material was not already circulated, discussed, or otherwise brought to the attention of the meeting participants), attendees were expected to arrive with position statements in hand, ready to be copied and circulated to other participants. E. Venue for the Workshop The Workshop was held at, or adjacent to, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) Green Building, 2001 Wisconsin Avenue, NW, Washington, DC (Georgetown). Plenary sessions were held at the Georgetown Holiday Inn (across the street from the Green Building), a facility that could accommodate at least 100 people. Working Group meetings were held in the NAS Green Building where 6 to 8 small meeting rooms were available to accommodate 20 to 40 people each. Secretarial support, word processing, and duplication facilities were available throughout the meeting. Lodging was available at the nearby Georgetown Holiday Inn. F. The Working Groups and Subgroups The charge to each working group was to articulate and implement the concepts and recommendations of its constituency.

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Page 222 In general, each attendee was affiliated with at least two different working groups: a “Topical Research Working Group” and an “Operational Requirements Working Group.” G. The Product It was planned that a document (called the “proceedings”) would be completed by the end of the workshop. This would form the basis of a report to be issued by the U.S. Geodynamics Committee. The “proceedings” would consist of the following elements: 1.An Executive Summary setting forth the most outstanding opportunities and priorities. 2.A 35- to 50-page report identifying scientific, operational, and policy issues related to the workshop objectives mentioned above. 3.A set of supporting appendixes. These might consist of (among other things) those thoughtful statements describing in detail the scientific or the programmatic basis for various elements of the initiative. All Subgroups were accordingly requested to develop a one-page summary of their concerns, which they were expected to distribute at the beginning of the meeting. All Working Groups were expected to use the one-page Subgroup summaries in arriving at a one-page synopsis of their own. These Working Group synopses would be used by the executive committee (EXCOM) in developing the two-page Executive Summary.

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Page 223 Membership of Topical Working Groups 0a.0..nd Subgroups A1. The Magnetosphere, Ionosphere, and Atmosphere (Chairperson: James Slavin) Please refer to the page image for an unflawed representation of this content. Magnetospheric Processes Ionospheric Processes Pulsations R. McPherron A. Richmond M. Engebretson F. Rich D. Herzog R. Clauer M. Teague V. Papitashvili J. Olson R. Walker L. Zanetti V. Patel

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Page 224 A2. Lithospheric Magnetic Fields (Chairperson: Richard Blakely) Please refer to the page image for an unflawed representation of this content. Anomalies Analysis Rocks C. Raymond V. J. S. Grauch R. Reynolds J. Behrendt J. Arkani-Hamed R. Frost S. Cande D. Chapin S. Haggerty V. Chandler R. Hansen G. Smith W. Dewhurst J. MacQueen P. Toft T. Hildenbrand R. Pawlowski P. Wasilewski W. Hinze J. Phillips P. Hood P. Taylor P. Vogt

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Page 225 A3. Electromagnetic Studies of the Solid Earth and Oceans (Chairperson: John Booker) Please refer to the page image for an unflawed representation of this content. Regional & Global Studies Oceans Materials P. Wannamaker A. Chave A. Duba W. Campbell C. Cox L. Hirsch G. Egbert A. W. Green J. Tyburczy I. Gough L. Law J. G. Kappenman B. Narod B. Narod P. Tarits

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Page 226 A4. Main Field and Core Processes (Chairperson: David Loper) Please refer to the page image for an unflawed representation of this content. Field Models, Inversion, & CMB Proc. Secular Variations & Reversals Dynamic Processes & Core Dynamo J. Bloxham R. Merrill P. Roberts S. Braginsky, J. Cain, M. Fuller, C. Harrison, R. Langel, L. Newitt, N. Peddie, J. Quin, K. Verosub (Note: Group did not organize as subgroups)

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Page 227 Membership of Operational Requirements Working Groups B1. Operational Platforms (Chairperson: James Heirtzler) Please refer to the page image for an unflawed representation of this content. Surface/Seafloor Airborne/Ship Satellites A. W. Green T. Hildenbrand L. Zanetti A. Chave J. Behrendt J. Arkani-Hamed C. Cox W. Dewhurst M. Engebretson I. Gough B. Donovan R. McPherron D. Herzog K. Gebhardt P. Mulligan L. Law W. Hanna J. Quinn B. Narod R. Hansen C. Raymond L. Newitt P. Hood F. Rich P. Tarits V. Labson J. Slavin P. Wannamaker J. MacQueen P. Taylor R. Pawlowski R. Wold

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Page 228 B2. Data Management Systems (Chairperson: Joe Allen 1; Herbert Meyers) 1 J. Allen was the original chair of this Working Group, prior to, and on the first day of, the workshop; he left the workshop on a personal emergency. Please refer to the page image for an unflawed representation of this content. Data Bases Data Archives Data Access Derived Products D. Herzog H. Meyers R. Walker J. Joselyn V. Chandler J. Cain D. Chapin R. Barnes D. Chapin S. Cande J. Phillips W. Campbell R. Clauer V. Chandler M. Teague D. Chapin A. W. Green R. Clauer W. Hinze A. W. Green J. Phillips D. Herzog C. Russell J. Kappenman M. Teague J. MacQueen L. Newitt N. Peddie

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Page 229 B3. Interagency Coordination and Communication (Chairperson: Christopher Harrison) Workshop participants

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Page 230 Agenda Workshop on the National Geomagnetic Initiative National Academy of Sciences Washington, DC 16-20 March 1992 Please refer to the page image for an unflawed representation of this content. Sunday, p.m. (March 15) Workshop Organizers (EXCOM, Working Group and Subgroup Chairs arrive. Meeting of EXCOM in executive session.) Sunday, p.m. & Monday, a.m. General Participants arrive Monday 0830-1200 hrs Pre-Workshop caucus of Meeting Coordinators (EXCOM, Working Group and Subgroup Chairs, Invited Speakers, secretaries, and others) 1300 hrs Workshop begins. Plenary Session on the Status and New Opportunities in Geomagnetic Studies Welcome by K. Burke and W. Hinze on behalf of the NRC and USGC, respectively. Introduction by J. Hermance, and general comments on facilities (secretarial support, word processors, copy machines, small meeting rooms, and so on).

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Page 231 Please refer to the page image for an unflawed representation of this content. Invited Speakers D. Stevenson Challenges in the Earth Sciences and Their Relation to Geomagnetic Studies R. Langel Overview of the Geomagnetic Field: The Forest Rather Than the Trees W. Hinze Opportunities and Challenges in Lithospheric Investigations R. Walker Modeling the Magnetosphere R. McPherron Geomagnetic Storms and Things That Go Bump in the Night Please refer to the page image for an unflawed representation of this content. Status of Working Group Reports J. Slavin Magnetosphere, Ionosphere, and Atmosphere R. Blakely Lithosphere Magnetic Fields J. Booker Electromagnetic Studies of the Solid Earth and Oceans D. Loper Main Field and Core Processes J. Heirtzler Operational Platforms J. Allen Data Management Systems C. Harrison Interagency Cooperation and Coordination

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Page 232 Please refer to the page image for an unflawed representation of this content. Monday Evening 1930 - 2130 hrs Preliminary meetings of participants in individual Topical Working Groups (or Subgroups) to present short talks, informally discuss mutual expectations and concerns, and guidelines to achieve meeting objectives. This generated focus to the following morning's activities. Tuesday 0830 - 1200 hrs Meetings of attendees in assigned Topical Working Groups. Attendees assembled in assigned Working Groups based on research topic to discuss (through short talks and informal discussion at the discretion of the Group Chair) the following in terms of the Working Group's specific subfield: Recent developments in geomagnetic studies New opportunities New approaches to solving old problems, which could be implemented through the use of new technology Specific needs (if any) for interagency coordination Specific concerns. By midmorning, each Topical Working Group Chair had developed specific guidelines defining the product needed from each working group. At the discretion of the Working Group Chair, some groups assembled into Subgroup Panels for more specific, focused discussion. In most cases, specific writing assignments resulted in draft text by noon (or by the afternoon plenary session).

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Page 233 Please refer to the page image for an unflawed representation of this content. Tuesday 1300 - 1500 hrs Plenary Session. Each Topical Subgroup reported (through its Chair) on its progress to the entire assembly, followed by a short discussion. At the end of Subgroup reports, a general discussion developed on common issues and concerns. Preliminary priorities. (Tight Schedule: 10 minutes per report; maximum = 2 hours total) 1530 - 1730 hrs Topical Groups and Subgroups completed writing and/or editing. Each Topical Group Chair met with her/his Subgroup Chairs and developed a final consensus statement that was typed and distributed to rest of attendees by midmorning of next day (Wednesday, a.m.). Tuesday Evening 1930 - 2130 hrs Meeting of all Topical and Operational Working Group Chairpersons with Meeting Coordinators to identify needs and priorities. Completion of the Topical Working Group Reports and Summaries. Wednesday 0830 - 1200 hrs Meetings of Operational Needs Working Groups. Attendees assembled into assigned Working Groups based on operational needs. Each Operational Needs Subgroup discussed the following in terms of its specific subfield:

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Page 234 Operational platforms Data management systems Interagency coordination and communication At this point, each chairperson had developed very specific guidelines defining the product needed from each Working Group. Specific writing assignments resulted in final text by noon (or by afternoon plenary session). Please refer to the page image for an unflawed representation of this content. Wednesday 1300 - 1500 hrs Plenary Session. Each Operational Needs Subgroup reported on its progress to the entire assembly. Following the Subgroup reports, a general discussion focused on common issues and concerns. Preliminary priorities. (Tight Schedule: 10 minutes per report; maximum = 2 hours total) 1500 - 1730 hrs Operational Groups and Subgroups complete writing and/or editing. Each Operational Needs Working Group Chair met with her/his Subgroup Chairs and developed a final consensus statement that was typed and distributed to rest of attendees by midmorning of next day (Thursday a.m.) Wednesday Evening 1900 - 2130 hrs Meeting of all Topical and Operational Working Group Chairpersons with Meeting Coordinators. Reports and Summaries of the Operational Needs Working Groups were completed.

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Page 235 Thursday 0830 - 1000 hrs Plenary Session with Agency Technical Managers. Each Working Group Chair (7) presented a short overview of a relevant section of final report. (10 minutes per report, including discussion; maximum = 1.5 hour total) Several agency Technical Managers then discussed with the audience the pros and cons of various mechanisms to achieve interagency coordination. Thursday 1030 - 1200 hrs Meeting of Agency Technical Managers with Interagency Coordination and Communication Subgroup. Completion of pending writing assignments by general participants and other subgroup chairpersons. 1400 - 1600 hrs Plenary Session The Agency Perspective Presentations by agency administrators to plenary session. Discussion of the proceedings and initiative as a whole. 1600 hrs Concluding remarks. 1630 + hrs Departure of General Participants (not Meeting Organizers).

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Page 236 All Working Group Chairs completed writing assignments (including those of their groups), and transferred material to typists. Friday 0830-1200 hrs Wrap-up of writing and related tasks by coordinating personnel. Meeting Coordinators, Steering Committee, and Working Subgroup Chairs assemble final document summarizing proceedings and Executive Summary. 2000 hrs Steering Committee submitted draft of Workshop Report to the U.S. Geodynamics Committee.

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Page 237 WORKSHOP ON THE NATIONAL GEOMAGNETIC INITIATIVE 16-20 March 1992 Please refer to the page image for an unflawed representation of this content. Attendees Joseph Allen National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association/National Geophysical Data Center Allen Anderson National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jafar Arkani-Hamed McGill University P. R. Barnes Oak Ridge National Laboratory John Behrendt U.S. Geological Survey Richard Blakely U.S. Geological Survey Jeremy Bloxham Harvard University John Booker University Washington Stanislav Braginsky University of California, Los Angeles Kevin Burke National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council Joseph Cain Florida State University Wallace Campbell U.S. Geological Survey Steven Cande Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory Val Chandler University Minnesota David Chapin ARCO Exploration and Production Company Alan Chave Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute Robert Clauer University Michigan Charles Cox Scripps Institute of Oceanography Warren Dewhurst National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Hans Dolezalek Office of Naval Research Barry Donovan U.S. Navy Alfred Duba Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Timothy Eastman National Science Foundation, Atmospheric Sciences

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Page 238 Gary Egbert Oregon State University Mark Engebretson Augsburg College Joseph Engeln National Aeronautics and Space Administration Ronald Frost University of Wyoming Michael Fuller University of California, Santa Barbara Kim Gebhardt Defense Mapping Agency Ian Gough University of Alberta V. J. S. Grauch U.S. Geological Survey William Green U.S. Geological Survey Stephen Haggerty University of Massachusetts William Hanna U.S. Geological Survey Richard Hansen Colorado School of Mines Bruce Hanshaw National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council Christopher Harrison University of Miami Pembroke Hart National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council Eric Hartwig Office of Naval Research James Heirtzler NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center John Hermance Brown University Donald Herzog U.S. Geological Survey Thomas Hildenbrand U.S. Geological Survey William Hinze Purdue University Lee Hirsch Exxon Production Research Company Peter Hood Geological Survey Canada Leonard Johnson National Science Foundation, Earth Sciences JoAnn Joselyn National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration John Kappenman Minnesota Power Victor Labson U.S. Geological Survey Robert Langel National Aeronautics and Space Administration/Goddard Space Flight Center Lawrence Law Pacific Geoscience Center, Geological Survey of Canada

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Page 239 David Loper University of Florida William Luth U.S. Department of Energy John Lynch National Science Foundation, Polar Ian MacGregor National Science Foundation, Earth Sciences Jeffrey MacQueen LCT Houston, Inc. Richard Martino Defense Mapping Agency Michael Mayhew National Science Foundation, Earth Sciences Robert McPherron University of California, Los Angeles Ronald Merrill University of Washington Herbert Meyers National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/National Geophysical Data Center Richard Mitterer U.S. Department of Energy Patricia Mulligan NOAA/NESDIS Barry Narod University of British Columbia L. R. Newitt Geological Survey Canada John Olson University of Alaska Ned Ostenso National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Vladimir Papitashvili IZMIRAN & STEP Coordination Office Vithal Patel Naval Research Laboratory Robert Pawlowski Amoco Production Company Norman Peddie U.S. Geological Survey Jeffrey Phillips U.S. Geological Survey John Quinn U.S. Naval Oceanographic Office Carol Raymond Jet Propulsion Laboratory Richard Reynolds U.S. Geological Survey Frederick Rich PL/GPFG, Hanscom Air Force Base Arthur Richmond National Center for Atmospheric Research Paul Roberts University of California, Los Angeles Christopher Russell University of California, Los Angeles James Slavin NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Guy Smith St. Louis University David Stevenson California Institute of Technology Pascal Tarits Institute Physics Globe, Paris

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Page 240 Patrick Taylor NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Michael Teague NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Paul Toft McGill University Ronald Turner ANSER, Arlington, Virginia James Tyburczy Arizona State University Thomas Usselman National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council Raymond Walker University of California, Los Angeles Philip Wannamaker University of Utah Peter Wasilewski National Aeronautics and Space Administration/Goddard Space Flight Center Richard Wold Terrasense Lorraine Wolf National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council Lawrence Zanetti Applied Physics Laboratory, The Johns Hopkins University