A
Manufacturing Establishments by Size and State

The two tables in this appendix summarize "Number of Employees" data from the Bureau of Census, County Business Patterns. The tables contain the number of establishments grouped by size of employment. For example, cells under the column heading "1–4 means the total number of establishments in a particular state that has at least one employee and no more than four employees. The "Percentage of Establishments" columns reflects the distribution of the facilities according to the same size groupings.

Each table is arranged in order of the total number of manufacturing establishments in each state from highest to lowest totals. The "Change 80–90" reflects percentage changes during the period 1980–1990 in the number of establishments according to the size groupings of employees, and the change in proportion of the total that each size category represents. Table 2 consolidates the three smallest size groupings shown in Table 1.



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Learning to Change: Opportunities to Improve the Performance of Smaller Manufacturers A Manufacturing Establishments by Size and State The two tables in this appendix summarize "Number of Employees" data from the Bureau of Census, County Business Patterns. The tables contain the number of establishments grouped by size of employment. For example, cells under the column heading "1–4 means the total number of establishments in a particular state that has at least one employee and no more than four employees. The "Percentage of Establishments" columns reflects the distribution of the facilities according to the same size groupings. Each table is arranged in order of the total number of manufacturing establishments in each state from highest to lowest totals. The "Change 80–90" reflects percentage changes during the period 1980–1990 in the number of establishments according to the size groupings of employees, and the change in proportion of the total that each size category represents. Table 2 consolidates the three smallest size groupings shown in Table 1.

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Learning to Change: Opportunities to Improve the Performance of Smaller Manufacturers TABLE 1   Number of Establishments Percentage of Establishments STATE 1–4 5–9 10–19 20–49 50–99 100– 249 250– 499 500– 999 > 1000 Totals 1–4 5–9 10– 19 20– 49 50– 99 100– 249 250– 499 500– 999 > 1000 California 15,909 8,344 8,392 8,403 3,850 2,693 795 300 194 48,880 32.5 17.1 17.2 17.2 7.9 5.5 1.6 0.6 0.4 New York 10,091 4,900 4,550 4,622 2,055 1,361 428 164 118 28,289 35.7 17.3 16.1 16.3 7.3 4.8 1.5 0.6 0.4 Texas 7,326 3,877 3,248 3,059 1,440 1,149 406 177 99 20,781 35.3 18.7 15.6 14.7 6.9 5.5 2.0 0.9 0.5 Illinois 5,230 3,054 3,138 3,377 1,791 1,390 465 205 90 18,740 27.9 16.3 16.7 18.0 9.6 7.4 2.5 1.1 0.5 Pennsylvania 5,024 2,934 2,948 3,252 1,772 1,389 517 219 98 18,153 27.7 16.2 16.2 17.9 9.8 7.7 2.8 1.2 0.5 Ohio 4,872 2,989 3,120 3,273 1,773 1,415 475 171 129 18,017 25.9 16.6 17.3 18.2 9.8 7.9 2.6 0.9 0.7 Florida 6,392 3,116 2,491 2,255 934 653 189 80 41 16,151 39.6 19.3 15.4 14.0 5.8 4.0 1.2 0.5 0.3 Michigan 4,292 2,739 2,866 2,906 1,372 1,027 310 110 112 15,734 27.3 17.4 18.2 18.5 8.7 6.5 2.0 0.7 0.7 New Jersey 4,341 2,367 2,232 2,366 1,294 907 261 107 61 13,936 31.1 17.0 16.0 17.0 9.3 6.5 1.9 0.8 0.4 N.Carolina 3,288 1,839 1,627 1,804 1,204 1,125 481 264 84 11,716 28.1 15.7 13.9 15.4 10.3 9.6 4.1 2.3 0.7 Massachusetts 3,186 1,854 1,808 1,868 929 704 218 108 48 10,723 29.7 17.3 16.9 17.4 8.7 6.6 2.0 1.0 0.4 Wisconsin 2,757 1,612 1,597 1,611 945 729 296 141 49 9,737 28.3 16.6 16.4 16.5 9.7 7.5 3.0 1.4 0.5 Georgia 2,850 1,538 1,432 1,511 827 798 327 141 55 9,479 30.1 16.2 15.1 15.9 8.7 8.4 3.4 1.5 0.6 Indiana 2,288 1,458 1,463 1,623 967 807 292 115 59 9,092 25.2 16.0 16.1 17.9 10.9 8.9 3.2 1.3 0.6 Washington 3,048 1,444 1,199 1,100 508 336 109 38 30 7,812 39.0 18.5 15.3 14.1 6.5 4.3 1.4 0.5 0.4 Missouri 2,398 1,345 1,243 1,229 597 549 197 81 38 7,677 31.2 17.5 16.2 16.0 7.8 7.2 2.6 1.1 0.5 Minnesota 2,563 1,376 1,147 1,158 611 478 177 74 41 7,625 33.6 18.0 15.0 15.2 8.0 6.3 2.3 1.0 0.5 Tennessee 2,248 1,037 1,096 1,133 693 679 280 127 52 7,345 30.6 14.1 14.9 15.4 9.4 9.2 3.8 1.7 0.7 Connecticut 2,035 1,135 1,058 1,085 514 404 147 66 28 6,474 31.4 17.5 16.3 16.8 7.9 6.2 2.3 1.1 0.4 Virginia 2,016 1,117 977 983 480 488 186 98 56 6,401 31.5 17.5 15.3 15.4 7.5 7.6 2.9 1.5 0.9 Oregon 2,500 1,154 944 886 406 324 98 36 11 6,359 39.3 18.1 14.8 13.9 6.4 5.1 1.5 0.6 0.2 Alabama 1,994 1,085 928 881 478 480 215 96 41 6,198 32.2 17.5 15.0 14.2 7.7 7.7 3.5 1.5 0.7 Colorado 2,157 973 693 620 265 191 55 24 26 5,004 43.1 19.4 13.8 12.4 5.3 3.8 1.1 0.5 0.5 S.Carolina 1,333 772 685 677 404 460 262 118 36 4,747 28.1 18.3 14.4 14.3 8.5 9.7 5.5 2.5 0.8 Arizona 1,706 851 701 651 298 174 56 24 22 4,483 38.1 19.0 15.6 14.5 6.6 3.9 1.2 0.5 0.5

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Learning to Change: Opportunities to Improve the Performance of Smaller Manufacturers   Number of Establishments Percentage of Establishments STATE 1–4 5–9 10–19 20–49 50–99 100– 249 250– 499 500– 999 > 1000 Totals 1–4 5–9 10– 19 20– 49 50– 99 100– 249 250– 499 500– 999 > 1000 Maryland 1,318 742 712 644 345 293 106 35 22 4,217 31.3 17.6 16.9 15.3 8.2 6.9 2.5 0.8 0.5 Kentucky 1,171 640 666 640 379 362 159 65 27 4,109 28.5 15.6 16.2 15.6 9.2 8.8 3.9 1.6 0.7 Oklahoma 1,383 722 653 523 258 223 82 28 12 3,864 35.6 18.6 16.8 13.5 6.6 5.7 2.1 0.7 0.3 Louisiana 1,323 697 640 583 272 233 73 35 18 3,854 34.3 18.1 16.6 14.6 7.1 6.0 1.9 0.9 0.5 Iowa 1,084 802 593 598 343 258 118 43 33 3,670 29.5 18.4 18.2 18.3 9.3 7.0 3.2 1.2 0.9 Arkansas 1,151 606 555 489 277 288 141 61 27 3,595 32.0 16.9 15.4 13.6 7.7 8.0 3.9 1.7 0.8 Mississippi 1,085 646 526 466 311 321 147 69 17 3,586 30.2 18.0 14.7 13.0 8.7 8.9 4.1 1.9 0.5 Kansas 1,084 588 548 524 292 225 77 26 21 3,367 32.2 16.9 16.3 15.6 8.7 6.7 2.3 0.8 0.6 Rhode Island 958 519 451 436 185 138 40 19 7 2,753 34.8 18.9 16.4 15.8 6.7 5.0 1.5 0.7 0.3 New Hampshire 829 418 369 317 173 133 44 25 8 2,316 35.8 18.0 15.9 13.7 7.5 5.7 1.9 1.1 0.3 Maine 925 385 301 269 144 110 45 25 11 2,215 41.8 17.4 13.6 12.1 6.5 5.0 2.0 1.1 0.5 Utah 672 386 363 318 165 127 46 18 11 2,106 31.9 18.3 17.2 15.1 7.8 6.0 2.2 0.9 0.5 Nebraska 591 362 296 292 146 121 46 34 8 1,896 31.1 19.1 15.7 15.4 7.7 6.4 2.4 1.8 0.4 Idaho 749 296 262 231 86 78 20 11 9 1,744 42.9 17.1 15.0 13.2 4.9 4.5 1.1 0.6 0.5 West Virginia 596 300 303 242 118 100 34 20 8 1,723 34.7 17.4 17.6 14.0 6.8 5.8 2.0 1.2 0.5 New Mexico 558 254 200 171 65 42 10 9 4 1,313 42.5 19.3 15.2 13.0 5.0 3.2 0.8 0.7 0.3 Vermont 539 237 184 170 90 59 17 2 4 1,302 41.4 18.2 14.1 13.1 6.9 4.5 1.3 0.2 0.3 Montana 580 261 170 109 52 30 7 4 0 1,213 47.8 21.5 14.0 9.0 4.3 2.5 0.6 0.3 00 Nevada 440 193 145 137 63 32 12 7 0 1,029 42.8 18.8 14.1 13.3 6.1 3.1 1.2 0.7 0.0 Hawaii 360 222 176 134 54 34 4 4 0 968 36.4 22.5 17.8 13.6 5.5 3.4 0.4 0.4 0.0 South Dakota 204 144 112 113 69 50 21 5 1 799 35.5 18.0 14.0 14.1 8.6 6.3 2.6 0.6 0.1 Delaware 196 113 110 127 56 53 19 13 12 699 28.0 16.2 15.7 18.2 8.0 7.6 2.7 1.9 1.7 North Dakota 229 140 99 85 31 29 10 3 0 626 36.6 22.4 15.8 13.6 5.0 4.6 1.6 0.5 0.0 Wyoming 226 114 70 53 22 22 0 0 0 507 44.8 22.5 13.8 10.5 4.3 4.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 D.C. 177 95 77 65 25 11 4 0 5 459 36.6 20.7 16.8 14.2 5.4 2.4 0.9 0.0 1.1 Alaska 210 71 69 42 23 19 9 0 0 443 47.4 16.0 15.6 9.5 5.2 4.3 2.0 0.0 0.0

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Learning to Change: Opportunities to Improve the Performance of Smaller Manufacturers   Number of Establishments Percentage of Establishments STATE 1–4 5–9 10–19 20–49 50–99 100– 249 250– 499 500– 999 > 1000 Totals 1–4 5–9 10–19 20–49 50–99 100– 249 250– 499 500– 999 > 1000 1990 120,364 64,645 60,235 60,091 30,471 24,101 8,531 3,649 1,883 373,970 32.2 17.3 16.1 16.1 8.1 6.4 2.3 1.0 0.5 1989 111,732 62,518 59,328 59,965 30,832 24,347 8,799 3,679 1,966 363,166 30.8 17.2 16.3 16.5 8.5 6.7 2.4 1.0 0.5 1988 111,669 63,005 59,815 59,993 30,478 23,759 8,619 3,624 1,944 362,906 30.8 17.4 16.5 16.5 8.4 6.5 2.4 1.0 0.5 1987 120,793 63,234 60,178 59,919 29,759 23,290 8,397 3,534 1,914 371,018 32.6 17.0 16.2 16.1 8.0 6.3 2.3 1.0 0.5 1966 110,665 60,710 58,536 58,720 29,624 23,407 8,445 3,534 1,987 355,628 31.1 17.1 16.5 16.5 8.3 6.6 2.4 1.0 0.6 1985 111,046 61,319 58,978 58,964 29,936 23,346 8,583 3,618 2,053 357,863 31.0 17.1 16.5 16.5 8.4 6.5 2.4 1.0 0.6 1984 107,764 60,044 57,613 58,195 29,593 23,192 8,597 3,680 2,062 350,740 30.7 17.1 16.4 16.6 8.4 6.6 2.5 1.0 0.6 1983 111,647 80,805 57,385 56,398 27,777 21,704 8,039 3,428 1,959 349,142 32.0 17.4 16.4 16.2 8.0 6.2 2.3 1.0 0.6 1982 94,441 56,110 55,893 56,834 28,590 22,635 8,422 3,819 2,188 328,932 28.7 17.1 17.0 17.3 8.7 6.9 2.6 1.2 0.7 1981 90,877 53,068 54,476 56,179 28,370 23,121 8,902 3,923 2,354 321,290 28.3 18.5 17.0 17.5 8.8 7.2 2.8 1.2 0.7 1980 86,702 52,470 54,784 58,588 29,153 23,797 9,285 4,182 2,436 319,377 27.1 16.4 17.2 17.7 9.1 7.5 2.9 1.3 0.8 Change 80–90 38.8 23.2 9.9 6.2 4.5 1.3 -8.1 -12.7 -22.7 17.1 18.6 5.2 -6.1 -9.3 -10.7 -13.5 -21.5 -25.5 -34.0

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Learning to Change: Opportunities to Improve the Performance of Smaller Manufacturers TABLE 2   Number of Establishments Percentage of Establishments STATE 1–19 20–49 50–99 100– 249 250– 499 < 500 500– 999 > 1000 Totals 1–19 20–49 50–99 100– 249 250– 499 < 500 500– 999 > 1000 California 32,645 8,403 3,850 2,693 795 48,386 300 194 48,880 66.8 17.2 7.9 5.5 1.6 99.0 0.6 0.4 New York 19,541 4,622 2,055 1,361 428 28,007 164 118 28,289 69.1 16.3 7.3 4.8 1.5 99.0 0.6 0.4 Texas 14,451 3,059 1,440 1,149 406 20,505 177 99 20,781 69.5 14.7 6.9 5.5 2.0 96.7 0.9 0.5 Illinois 11,422 3,377 1,791 1,390 465 18,445 205 90 18,740 60.9 18.0 9.6 7.4 2.5 96.4 1.1 0.5 Pennsylvania 10,906 3,252 1,772 1,369 517 17,836 219 96 18,153 60.1 17.9 9.8 7.7 2.8 98.3 1.2 0.5 Ohio 10,781 3,273 1,773 1,415 475 17,717 171 129 18,017 59.8 18.2 9.8 7.9 2.6 98.3 0.9 0.7 Florida 11,999 2,255 934 653 189 16,030 80 41 16,151 74.3 14.0 5.8 4.0 1.2 99.3 0.5 0.3 Michigan 9,897 2,906 1,372 1,027 310 15,512 110 112 15,734 62.9 18.5 8.7 6.5 2.0 98.6 0.7 0.7 New Jersey 8,940 2,366 1,294 907 261 13,768 107 61 13,936 64.2 17.0 9.3 6.5 1.9 98.8 0.8 0.4 N. Carolina 6,754 1,804 1,204 1,125 481 11,366 264 84 11,716 57.6 15.4 10.3 9.6 4.1 97.0 2.3 0.7 Massachusetts 6,848 1,868 929 704 218 10,567 106 48 10,723 83.9 17.4 8.7 6.6 2.0 98.5 1.0 0.4 Wisconsin 5,966 1,611 945 729 296 9,547 141 49 9,737 61.3 16.5 9.7 7.5 3.0 98.0 1.4 0.5 Georgia 5,820 1,511 827 796 327 9,283 141 55 9,479 61.4 15.9 8.7 8.4 3.4 97.9 1.5 0.6 Indiana 5,209 1,623 987 807 292 8,918 115 59 9,092 57.3 17.9 10.9 8.9 3.2 96.1 1.3 0.6 Washington 5,691 1,100 508 336 109 7,744 36 30 7,612 72.8 14.1 6.5 4.3 1.4 99.1 0.5 0.4 Missouri 4,966 1,229 597 549 197 7,558 81 36 7,677 64.9 16.0 7.8 7.2 2.6 98.4 1.1 0.5 Minnesota 5,066 1,158 611 478 177 7,510 74 41 7,625 66.7 15.2 8.0 6.3 2.3 98.5 1.0 0.5 Tennessee 4,361 1,133 893 679 280 7,166 127 52 7,345 59.6 15.4 9.4 9.2 3.8 97.6 1.7 0.7 Connecticut 4,226 1,085 514 404 147 6,378 68 28 6,474 65.3 16.8 7.9 6.2 2.3 98.5 1.1 0.4 Virginia 4,110 983 480 486 186 6,247 98 56 6,401 64.2 15.4 7.5 7.6 2.9 97.6 1.5 0.9 Oregon 4,596 866 408 324 98 6,312 36 11 6,359 72.3 13.9 6.4 5.1 1.5 99.3 0.6 0.2 Alabama 4,007 861 478 480 215 6,061 96 41 6,196 64.6 14.2 7.7 7.7 3.5 97.8 1.5 0.7 Colorado 3,823 620 265 191 55 4,954 24 26 5,004 76.4 12.4 5.3 3.8 1.1 99.0 0.5 0.5 S. Carolina 2,790 677 404 480 262 4,593 118 36 4,747 58.8 14.3 8.5 9.7 5.5 96.8 2.5 0.8 Arizona 3,258 651 296 174 56 4,437 24 22 4,483 72.7 14.5 6.6 3.9 1.2 99.0 0.5 0.5

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Learning to Change: Opportunities to Improve the Performance of Smaller Manufacturers   Number of Establishments Percentage of Establishments STATE 1–19 20–49 50–99 100– 249 250– 499 < 500 500– 999 > 1000 Totals 1–19 20–49 50–99 100– 249 250– 499 < 500 500– 999 > 1000 Maryland 2,772 644 345 293 106 4,160 35 22 4,217 65.7 15.3 8.2 6.9 2.5 98.6 0.8 0.5 Kentucky 2,477 640 379 362 159 4,017 65 27 4,109 60.3 15.6 9.2 8.8 3.9 97.8 1.6 0.7 Oklahoma 2,758 523 258 223 82 3,844 28 12 3,884 71.0 13.5 6.6 5.7 2.1 99.0 0.7 0.3 Louisiana 2,660 563 272 233 73 3,801 35 18 3,854 69.0 14.6 7.1 6.0 1.9 98.6 0.9 0.5 Iowa 2,279 598 343 258 116 3,594 43 33 3,670 62.1 16.3 9.3 7.0 3.2 97.9 1.2 0.9 Arkansas 2,312 489 277 288 141 3,507 61 27 3,595 64.3 13.6 7.7 8.0 3.9 97.6 1.7 0.8 Mississippi 2,257 466 311 321 147 3,502 69 17 3,588 62.9 13.0 8.7 8.9 4.1 97.6 1.9 0.5 Kansas 2,200 524 292 225 77 3,318 28 21 3,367 65.3 15.6 8.7 6.7 2.3 98.5 0.8 0.6 Rhode Island 1,928 436 185 138 40 2,727 19 7 2,753 70.0 15.8 6.7 5.0 1.5 99.1 0.7 0.3 New Hampshire 1,616 317 173 133 44 2,283 25 8 2,316 69.8 13.7 7.5 5.7 1.9 96.6 1.1 0.3 Maine 1,611 269 144 110 45 2,179 25 11 2,215 72.7 12.1 6.5 5.0 2.0 98.4 1.1 0.5 Utah 1,421 318 165 127 46 2,077 18 11 2,106 67.5 15.1 7.8 6.0 2.2 98.6 0.9 0.5 Nebraska 1,251 292 146 121 46 1,856 34 8 1,898 65.9 15.4 7.7 6.4 2.4 97.8 1.8 0.4 Idaho 1,309 231 86 78 20 1,724 11 9 1,744 75.1 13.2 4.9 4.5 1.1 98.9 0.6 0.5 West Virginia 1,201 242 118 100 34 1,695 20 8 1,723 69.7 14.0 6.8 5.8 2.0 98.4 1.2 0.5 New Mexico 1,012 171 65 42 10 1,300 9 4 1,313 77.1 13.0 5.0 3.2 0.8 99.0 0.7 0.3 Vermont 960 170 90 59 17 1,296 2 4 1,302 73.7 13.1 6.9 4.5 1.3 99.5 0.2 0.3 Montana 1,011 109 52 30 7 1,209 4 0 1,213 83.3 9.0 4.3 2.5 0.6 99.7 0.3 0.0 Nevada 778 137 63 32 12 1,022 7 0 1,029 75.6 13.3 6.1 3.1 1.2 99.3 0.7 0.0 Hawaii 758 134 54 34 4 964 4 0 988 76.7 13.6 5.5 3.4 0.4 99.6 0.4 0.0 South Dakota 540 113 69 50 21 793 5 1 799 67.6 14.1 8.6 6.3 2.6 99.2 0.6 0.1 Delaware 419 127 56 53 19 674 13 12 699 59.9 18.2 8.0 7.6 2.7 96.4 1.9 1.7 North Dakota 468 85 31 29 10 623 3 0 626 74.8 13.6 5.0 4.6 1.6 99.5 0.5 0.0 Wyoming 410 53 22 22 0 507 0 0 507 80.9 10.5 4.3 4.3 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 D.C. 349 65 25 11 4 454 0 5 459 76.0 14.2 5.4 2.4 0.9 98.9 0.0 1.1 Alaska 350 42 23 19 9 443 0 0 443 79.0 9.5 5.2 4.3 2.0 100.0 0.0 0.0

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Learning to Change: Opportunities to Improve the Performance of Smaller Manufacturers   Number of Establishments Percentage of Establishments STATE 1–19 20–49 50–99 100– 249 250– 499 < 500 500– 999 > 1000 Totals 1–19 20–49 50–99 100– 249 250– 499 < 500 500– 999 > 1000 1990 245,244 60,091 30,471 24,101 8,531 368,438 3,649 1,883 373,970 65.6 16.1 8.1 6.4 2.3 99.5 1.0 0.5 1989 233,578 59,965 30,832 24,347 8,799 367,521 3,679 1,966 363,166 64.3 16.5 8.5 6.7 2.4 98.4 1.0 0.5 1988 234,489 59,993 30,478 23,759 8,619 357,338 3,624 1,944 362,906 64.6 16.5 8.4 6.5 2.4 98.5 1.0 0.5 1987 244,205 59,919 29,759 23,290 8,397 365,570 3,534 1,914 371,018 65.8 16.1 8.0 6.3 2.3 98.5 1.0 0.5 1986 229,911 58,720 29,624 23,407 8,445 350,107 3,534 1,987 365,628 64.6 18.5 8.3 6.6 2.4 98.4 1.0 0.6 1985 231,343 58,964 29,936 23,346 8,583 352,192 3,618 2,053 357,863 64.6 16.5 8.4 6.5 2.4 98.4 1.0 0.6 1984 225,421 58,195 29,593 23,192 8,597 344,998 3,680 2,062 350,740 64.3 16.6 8.4 6.6 2.5 98.4 1.0 0.6 1983 229,837 56,398 27,777 21,704 8,039 343,755 3,428 1,959 349,142 65.8 16.2 8.0 6.2 2.3 98.5 1.0 0.6 1982 206,444 56,834 28,590 22,635 8,422 322,925 3,819 2,188 328,932 62.8 17.3 8.7 6.9 2.6 98.2 1.2 0.7 1981 196,441 56,179 28,370 23,121 8,902 315,013 3,923 2,354 321,290 61.8 17.5 8.8 7.2 2.8 98.0 1.2 0.7 1980 193,956 56,588 29,153 23,797 9,285 312,759 4,182 2,436 319,377 60.7 17.7 9.1 7.5 2.9 97.9 1.3 0.8 Change 80–90 26.4 6.2 4.5 1.3 -8.1 17.8 -12.7 -22.7 17.1 8.0 -9.3 -10.7 -13.5 -21.5 0.6 -25.5 -34.0

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