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A Biological Survey for the Nation REFERENCES Arnolds, E. 1988. The changing macromycete flora in The Netherland. Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 903:391-406. Arnolds, E. 1991. Decline of ectomycorrhizal fungi in Europe. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 35:209-244. ASC (Association of Systematics Collections). 1993. An Information Model for Biological Collections. Draft report of the Biological Collections Data Standards Workshop, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y., Aug. 18-24, 1992. Association of Systematics Collections, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kan. Bolton, M.P., ed. 1991. Vegetation from Mapping to Decision Support. Environmental Resources Information Network. Canberra, Australia: Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service. 61 pp. Bourgeon, P.S. 1988. Advantages and limitations of ecological classification for the protection of ecosystems. Conserv. Biol. 2:218-220. Bowser, C.J. 1986. Historic data sets: Lessons from the past, lessons for the future. Pp. 155-179 in Research Data Manage
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A Biological Survey for the Nation ment in the Ecological Sciences, W.K. Michener, ed. Columbia, S.C.: University of South Carolina Press. Carson, R. 1962. Silent Spring. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Colwell, R.R. 1983. Biotechnology in the marine sciences. Science 222:19-23. di Castri, F., J.R. Verhnes, and T. Younes. 1992. Inventorying and Monitoring Biodiversity. Report SI-27. Paris: UNESCO. 28 pp. Dodd, K.C., Jr. 1991. The status of the Red Hills salamander, Phaeognathus hubrichti, Alabama, USA, 1976-1988. Biol. Conserv. 55:57-75. Falk, D.A. 1991. Joining biological and economic models for conserving plant genetic diversity. Pp. 209-223 in Genetics and Conservation of Rare Plants, D.A. Falk and K.E. Holfinger, eds. New York: Oxford University Press. Falk, D.A., and K.E. Holsinger, eds. 1991. The Genetics and Conservation of Rare Plants. New York: Oxford University Press. 283 pp. Georghiou, G.P. 1972. The evolution of resistance to pesticides. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 3:133-168. Gross, M.R. 1991. Salmon breeding behavior and life history evolution in changing environments. Ecology 72(2):1180-1186. Gulden, G., K. Hoiland, K. Bendiksen, T.E. Brandrud, B.S. Foss, H.B. Jenssen, and D. Laber. 1992. Macromycetes and air pollution. Mycoenological studies in three oligotrophic spruce forests in Europe. Bibliotheca Mycologica Band 144. Berlin: J. Cramer. 81 pp. Hawksworth, D.L., and J.M. Ritchie. 1993. Biodiversity and Biosystematic Priorities: Microorganisms and Invertebrates. Wallingford, U.K.: CAB International. 120 pp. Hollander, A.D., F.W. Davis, and D. Stoms. In press. Hierarchical representation of species distributions using map, image, and sighting data . In Mapping the Diversity of Nature, R.I. Miller, ed. London: Chapman & Hall. Holling, C.S., ed. 1978. Adaptive Environmental Assessment
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A Biological Survey for the Nation and Management. London: John Wiley & Sons. 377 pp. Interior Geographic Data Committee. 1992. Coordination of Spatial Data Activities in the Department of Interior. Interior Geographic Data Committee Annual Report, December 1992. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Interior. 7 pp. Jackson, J.B.C. 1992. Pleistocene perspectives on coral reef community structure. Am. Zool. 32:719-731. Karr, J.R. 1987. Biological monitoring and environmental assessment: A conceptual framework. Environ. Manage. 11(2):249-256. Kim, K.C., and L. Knutson, eds. 1986. Foundations for a National Biological Survey. Lawrence, Kan.: Association of Systematics Collections. Lessios, H.A. 1988. Mass mortality of Diadema antillarum in the Caribbean: What have we learned? Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 19:371-393. Levin, S. 1993. The problem of pattern and scale in ecology. Ecology 73:1943-1967. Magnuson, J. 1989. Loss of Biological Diversity: A Global Crisis Requiring International Solutions. Washington, D.C.: National Science Foundation. Marshall, L.G. 1985. Geochronology and land-mammal bio-chronology of the transamerican faunal interchange. Pp. 49-85 in The Great American Biotic Interchange, F.G. Stehli and S.D. Webb, eds. New York: Plenum Press. Mooney, H.A., and J.A. Drake, eds. 1986. The Ecology of Biological Invasions of North America and Hawaii. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. National Audubon Society. 1992. Report of the Advisory Panel on the Everglades and Endangered Species. New York: National Audubon Society. 43 pp. Nature Conservancy of Hawaii, Natural Resources Defense Council. 1992. The Alien Species Invasion in Hawaii: Background Study and Recommendations for Interagency Planning. Natural Resources Defense Council, Honolulu.
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A Biological Survey for the Nation Nixon, K.C., and Q.D. Wheeler. 1992. Measures of phylogenetic diversity. Pp. 216-234 in Extinction and Phylogeny, M.J. Novacek and Q.D. Wheeler, eds. New York: Columbia University Press. NRC (National Research Council). 1986. Ecological Knowledge and Environmental Problem-Solving: Concepts and Case Studies. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 388 pp. NRC (National Research Council). 1990. Forestry Research: A Mandate for Change. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 84 pp. NRC (National Research Council). 1992. Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystems: Science, Technology, and Public Policy. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 552 pp. NRC (National Research Council). 1993a. Toward a Coordinated Spatial Data Infrastructure. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 171 pp. NRC (National Research Council). 1993b. Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 242 pp. NSF (National Science Foundation). 1992. The U.S. Global Change Data and Information Management Program Plan. Report by the Committee on Earth and Environmental Sciences. Washington, D.C.: National Science Foundation. 94 pp. Orians, G.H. 1993. Endangered at what level? Ecol. Appl. 32:206-208. Prescott-Allen, R., and C. Prescott-Allen. 1990. How many plants feed the world? Conserv. Biol. 4:365-374. Ray, G.C. 1988. Ecological diversity in coastal zones and oceans. Pp. 36-50 in Biodiversity, E.O. Wilson, ed. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Reid, W.V., S.A. Laird, C.A. Meyer, R. Gamez, A. Sittenfeld, D.H. Janzen, M.A. Gollin, and C. Juma. 1993. Biodiversity Prospecting. Washington, D.C.: World Resources Institute. 324 pp.
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A Biological Survey for the Nation Stein, B. 1992. Toward Common Goals: Collections Information in Conservation Data Bases. Paper presented at the Workshop on Data Sharing and Data Base Ethics sponsored by the Association of Systematics Collections, Honolulu, Aug. 10, 1992. Terborgh, J. 1989. Where Have All the Birds Gone? Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Thorne-Miller, B., and J. Catena. 1991. The Living Ocean. Washington, D.C.: Island Press. Vane-Wright, R.I., C.J. Humphries, and P.H. Williams. 1991. What to protect? Systematics and the agony of choice. Biol. Conserv. 55:235-254. Walters, C.J. 1986. Adaptive Management of Renewable Resources. New York: Macmillan. Wheeler, Q.D. 1990. Insect diversity and cladistic constraints. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 83:1031-1047. Williams, J.D., M.L. Warren, Jr., K.S. Cummings, J.L. Harris, and R.J. Neves. 1993. Conservation status of freshwater mussels of the United States and Canada. Fisheries 18:6-23. Wilson, E.O. 1992. The Diversity of Life. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press/Harvard University Press. 424 pp. Yoon, C.K. 1993. Counting creatures great and small. Science 260:620-622. Zeiner, D.C., W.F. Laudenslayer, K.E. Meyer, and M. White. 1990. California's Wildlife. Sacramento, Calif.: California Department of Fish and Game. 3 vols.
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