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substantial part of the population of Latvia is Russian, which is being deprived of many of its basic rights. Libya is far removed geographically from the United States, while Latvia and Russia have a common border. The United States and Libya have never had a common military organization, but Latvia acquired a whole set of sophisticated conventional weapons when it gained its independence. Many of these weapons, as is the case in other newly independent states as well, will be dumped into the international weapons market, thus adding to the proliferation problem.

Even with a high level of desire and mutual understanding on both sides, some issues are very hard to bring to a common approach. For example, the wide range of differences in geographic areas of interest is clearly seen in the short illustrative list of countries contained in the following chart:

COUNTRIES OF PROLIFERATION CONCERN

For United States

For Russia

For Both

Argentina

Afghanistan

 

Bolivia

Azerbaijan

 

Brazil

China

China

Burma

Estonia

 

Chile

Iran

Iran

China

Japan

 

Columbia

Latvia

 

Cuba

Lithuania

 

India

Mid Asian Repub.

 

Iraq

Moldova

 

Iran

North Caucasus

 

Libya

Pakistan

Pakistan

Nicaragua

Poland

 

Pakistan

Romania

 

Yugoslavia

Ukraine

 

 

Yugoslavia

Yugoslavia

In the current state of affairs, there is very little overlap in the list of countries which are of priority concern to both nations. However, if the expansion of the sale and use of technologically sensitive weaponry is to be precluded, the list of countries to be limited, in terms of sensitive dual-use technology and foreign trade, should be expanded. On the other hand, as forcefully stated by Dr. Rittenhouse of the General Electric Corporation in his report at the second interacademy meeting on dual-use technologies in May 1992, the number of controlled items should be reduced to only those that are most dangerous to preclude serious damage to the continued growth of the international economies and industrial cooperation. Balancing the restrictions and control required to



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